The Central Intelligence Agency, or CIA is a US intelligence agency. It was signed into law by US President Truman in 1947 by the National Security Act, as a successor to the Office of Strategic Services. It rapidly expanded outside its information gathering brief to include covert action and black ops. By providing funding and organisation it proved a vital step in the development of the modern US deep state, especially up to the mid 1970s.
- 1 Official Narrative
- 2 History
- 3 Activities
- 4 CIA Officers' psychology
- 5 Events carried out
- 6 Documents by CIA
- 7 Related Documents
- 8 Related Quotations
- 9 References
- 10 See Also
The name of the CIA is suggestive of its original brief - as a central point of information gathering. It was derived out of problems of information collection in WW2 and replaced the Office of Strategic Services.
The CIA rapidly became a covert agent of foreign policy, for example engineering the overthrow of governments in Iran and Guatemala for the sake of what was loosely referred to as the "national interest" but was fairly transparently the profits of US corporations (the Seven Sisters and the United Fruit Company respectively).
Lacking any effective government oversight the CIA became the basis for what Mark Gorton calls "The Cabal". After Lyman Lemnitzer, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff presented him with Operation Northwoods, a false flag attack which planned multiple murderous attacks on US citizens, John F. Kennedy can have been under few illusions about the Machiavellian nature of the CIA, and reportedly stated that he wished to "splinter the CIA into a thousand pieces and scatter it into the winds." In fact, the CIA's assassination team played a large role in the JFK assassination, including silencing voices who refused to go along with its cover up cement the power of the cabal which had. It has instigated dozens of covert regime change actions. Later attempts to reign in the CIA failed, but were effective at making its locus of operations more international and therefore harder to detect using the limited resources available to the US government.
The first Director of Central Intelligence, Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, authorised the CIA to carry out covert actions in Italy in 1947 to try to hinder the Italian communists in the elections that year. A year later another directive, NSC 10/2 authorised the CIA to carry out covert actions anywhere in the world, specifically including "propaganda; economic warfare; preventive direct action, including sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition, and evacuation measures; subversion against hostile states, including assistance to underground resistance movements, guerrillas and refugee liberation groups, and support of indigenous anti-Communist elements in threatened countries of the free world." Hillenkoetter’s successor, Walter Bedell Smith, claimed that by 1951 the CIA covert ops had already "far exceeded" even this. By 1953, the CIA had 7,200 people working on covert actions, activities that took 74% of the CIA’s yearly budget.
1970s Offshoring of The Deep State
After some high profile assassinations during the 1960s, the CIA came under scrutiny from groups such as the House Select Committee on Assassinations and Church Committee in the early 1970s. This created a problem for the deep state, which consequently offshored its most sensitive operations to more secure bases such as the Safari Club. In 1976, lifelong spook, George H. W. Bush made himself director (supposedly as an outsider) and within a year was effective at stopping most of the leaks from the agency.
“[Bushwielded this heightened power on behalf of the military industrial complex that president Eisenhower had so famously warned against. Politicising the process of intelligence analysis, he imposed a systematic bias that took a new, harder line towards the communist block. This was a direct reversal of the Nixon-Kissinger policy of detente. Under the guidance of Rumsfeld, Cheney, a young Paul Wolfowitz and others who had ascended in the Halloween massacre, Poppy began finding ways to get around the analysts who did not sufficiently hype the Soviet threat. To that end, he created a second analytical team which produced alarming estimates of Soviet military capabilities. The concept was known as Team A - Team B. In this way, Poppy was the father of the analytical gamesmanship his son would use to justify war with Iraq nearly three decades later, under the guidance of the same Rumseld, Cheney and Wolfowitz.”
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Following passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Prevention Act of 2004 the Director of Central Intelligence was replaced as head of the US Intelligence community by a Director of National Intelligence outside the CIA.  The real reasons for this are unclear. The CIA structure is fairly regularly reorganised.
The CIA is subject to nominal supervision, though CIA officers are rarely disciplined.
- Full article: CIA/Arms dealing
- Full article: CIA/Arms dealing
The combination of its ready access to armaments and its contact with groups that seeks weapons has CIA personnel have a natural interest in brokering arms deals. On many occasions these remain undiscovered. If they are publicised and found to be illegal, such as in the Arms For Libya megadeal, they are portrayed as the work of "rogue" operatives. Arms deals are often combined with drug trafficking, as in the case of "Iran-Contra" which moved drugs into USA while moving US manufactured weapons south.
- Full article: CIA/Drug trafficking
- Full article: CIA/Drug trafficking
No article on the CIA would be complete without mention of the illegal drugs trade, which at least since the Vietnam War has been the source of a large slice of the CIA's black budget. This was not public knowledge until Gary Webb published the Dark Alliance series of tightly argued and extensively referenced articles in the mid 1990s. These provided very detailed evidence that the CIA was complicit in importing illegal drugs into the USA, as did corroborating evidence by other whistleblowers such as Mike Ruppert. Ruppert submitted evidence but his allegations are not known to have been followed up, and remain unanswered by the CIA or other authorities such as the DEA officially tasked with investigating them.
- Full article: “Extraordinary rendition”
- Full article: “Extraordinary rendition”
Especially since 2001, the CIA has moved prisoners across international borders covertly, especially by plane, between so-called "black sites" where they are subjected to torture. This avoids the legal hassle of formal extradition, maintains secrecy and plausible deniability, for example, their murder becomes public knowledge. At least two planes used by the CIA for such flights have later been discovered bringing tons of cocaine into the US.
- Full article: CIA/Torture
- Full article: CIA/Torture
The CIA has made extensive use of torture and continues to do so with impunity. As of July 2016, the only CIA officer to have been disciplined for this was John Kiriakou - a whistleblower. The torture report by the US Senate released in December 2014 was the tip of the iceberg, but proved that after 9/11 the CIA engaged in a sophisticated state-sanctioned torture program, tried to cover this up and lied about it. An ACLU lawsuit in this regard was settled out of court in 2017.
CIA Officers' psychology
Douglas Valentine, who interviewed over 100 CIA officers, wrote that most of them "think of themselves as soldiers" and that “The CIA is set up like a military organization with a sacred chain of command. Somebody tells you what to do and you salute and do it.” Robin Ramsay remarks about Plame Wilson's autobiography, Fair Game that two things struck him: "the first is the absolute political innocence of even comparatively senior CIA officers like Plame Wilson – about the reality of US foreign policy she has no idea. The second was her comment that within the CIA most of the officers had their TVs tuned to Murdoch’s Fox channel – self-programming, their equivalent of praying five times a day to Mecca." He believes the William Colby was not being ironic when he entitled his autobigraphy "Honorable Men", and explains "That's how that generation saw themselves - good men fighting a dirty but necessary war."
Events carried out
|1980 Camarate air crash||4 December 1980||Camarate|
|Arms for Libya||1977 - 1981|
|Bolivia/1980 coup d'état||June 1980||Bolivia|
|CIA/Operations in Angola||Angola|
|Chile/1973 coup d'état||11 September 1973||Chile|
|Cubana de Aviación Flight 455||6 October 1976||Bridgetown|
8 km west of Seawell Airport
|Guatemala/1954 coup d'état||18 June 1954 - 27 June 1954||Guatemala|
|Iran/1953 coup d'état||15 August 1953 - 19 August 1953||Iran|
|Operation Crevice||30 March 2004|
|Operation Demagnetize||1948 - Present|
|Operation Gladio/B||1997 - Present|
|Operation Mockingbird||1950 - Present|
|Operation Mongoose||1960 - Present|
|Orlando Letelier/Assassination||21 September 1976||Washington DC|
|Project ARTICHOKE||20 August 1951 - 13 April 1953|
|Project MKUltra||13 April 1953 - 1964|
Documents by CIA
|Title||Document type||Publication date||Subject(s)||Description|
|File:CIA Research Paper SW91-100076X Redacted.pdf||Research paper||November 1991||Arms-to-Iraq|
|Redacted CIA Research paper SW91-10076X titled 'Project Babylon' as it appeared on the CIA web site in July 2012|
|File:CIA Research Paper SW91-100076X summary.pdf||Research paper||November 1991||Arms-to-Iraq|
|Unredacted 'Intelligence Summary' (pages 22-26) of CIA Research paper SW91-10076X titled 'Project Babylon' and naming two ex-SAS soldiers as having been contracted to eliminate Gerald Bull|
|File:CIA Research Paper SW91-100076X un-redacted.pdf||Research paper||November 1991||Arms-to-Iraq|
|Unredacted CIA Research paper SW91-10076X titled 'Project Babylon:The Iraq Supergun' (pages 1-21)|
|CIA Research Paper SW91-10076X - Intelligence Summary||Research paper||November 1991||Arms-to-Iraq|
|Transcription of the unredacted 'Intelligence Summary' (pages 22-26) of CIA Research paper SW91-10076X titled 'Project Babylon' which names two ex-SAS soldiers as having been contracted to eliminate Gerald Bull|
|Countering Criticism of the Warren Report||dispatch||19 July 1968||Warren Commission|
|CIA Killings Spell Defeat In Afghanistan||article||8 January 2010||Douglas Valentine|
|CIA Planned Coup||article||2 September 1963||Ngo Dinh Nhu|
|File:CIA Shannon Report 9 2 09.pdf||report||9 February 2008||Edward Horgan|
|CIA wanted to kill Lockerbie bomber before trial||article||5 July 2013||Gareth Rose|
|A report of William C. Chasey's allegation (after being diagnosed with incurable cancer) that CIA agents tried to convince him to plant homing devices on Megrahi and Fhimah as part of the plot to assassinate them before the Lockerbie trial.|
|CIA-MI6 Intel Ops and Sabotage||article||7 February 2012||Felicity Arbuthnot||In 1957, joint plans by the CIA and MI6 to destabilize Syria by means of staged border incidents and special forces assassinations of key political figures were approved by UK PM Harold Macmillan and US President Eisenhower.|
|Counter-Intelligence: Spying Deters Democracy||interview||7 July 2014||Kim Petersen|
|Covert Action in Chile, 1963-73||report||1976||Church Committee||A Church committee report of the hearings before them to study governmental operations with respect to intelligence activities of the United States Senate. A very thorough, but lengthy, investigation into CIA activity in Chile. Includes numerous instances of media manipulation and propaganda in the millions of dollars.|
|Cuba 1959 to 1980's||book extract||2003||William Blum|
|Ecuador 1960 to 1963||book extract||2003||William Blum|
|Ed Wilson's Revenge||report||January 2000||Michael Ruppert||An example of how plausible deniability worked for the CIA - their 3rd most senior CIA official produces an affidavit that they had had no dealings with Edwin Wilson since 1971. Although legions of insiders knew this was a lie, the court accepted it. Finally exposed as a lie almost 20 years later, all those who lied in court are given immunity.|
|False Flags for Israel||webpage||11 September 2012||Deanna Spingola||An overview of Israel's long history of False Flag attacks.|
|Fifty Years of the Deep State||book||22 November 2013||Mark Gorton||A good introductory overview of the US deep state which names names - the most prominent being that of George H. W. Bush, whom Mark Gorton infers was behind the 9/11 plot.|
|George Bush and the CIA In the Company of Friends||article||1992||Anthony Kimery||An article highlighting Bushes agency work and related business activity.|
|File:Gestapo-Chief - The CIA & Heinrich Muller (1998).pdf||book||1998||Gregory Douglas|
|Guatemala 1962 to 1980's||book extract||2003||William Blum|
|How CIA Money Took the Teeth Out of Socialism||book extract||May 1988||Richard Fletcher|
|Indonesia 1957-58||book extract||2003||William Blum|
|Limit CIA Role To Intelligence||letter||21 December 1963||Harry S. Truman||A letter just after the assassination of JFK which was published once and then vanished down the memory hole.|
|Masters of Persuasion||article||2005||David Guyatt|
|Operation Two-Fold||article||25 January 2008||Douglas Valentine|
|The CIA and Mountbatten||article||Steve Dorril|
|File:The CIA in Western Europe and the Abuse of Human Rights.pdf||paper||October 2006||Daniele Ganser||A paper addressing assertions from the US State Department that US Field Manual FM30-31B was a Soviet forgery.|
|The Octopus||article||1999||David Guyatt||An introduction to the involvement of senior US politicians, bureaucrats and the CIA in globalised criminal activities, the investigation of which cost investigative reported Danny Casolaro his life|
|The Rise of the National Security State||article||21 February 2012||Mark Gaffney|
|The Shadow Factory||Book||2008||James Bamford||The workings and scope of the US Military-Intelligence complex focussing particularly on the NSA. |
|The Taking Of America, 1-2-3||book||1985||Richard E. Sprague||An authoritative description of the JFK assassination and succeeding crimes from the photographic expert advisor to Jim Garrison.|
|Their Will Be Done||article||1 August 1983||Martin A Lee||How the CIA targets powerful hierarchies for infiltration and influence. The Roman Catholic Church's claim to be the one and only authentic 'Church of Christ on Earth' does not exempt them from exploitation by deep politicians. This article powerfully demonstrates both the Catholic Church's power and its susceptibility to the machinations of Mammon. As they say in South America, "When the CIA goes to church, it doesn't go to pray."|
|Torture, Assassination and the American Way of Life||commentary||17 February 2012||Jacob G. Hornberger|
|Uruguay 1964 to 1970||book extract||2003||William Blum|
|Wikileaks and the Mighty Wurlitzer||article||7 August 2010||Zahir Ebrahim||An in-depth discussion of how dissident organisations are co-opted and or otherwise used, abused, controlled or discredited and destroyed by the secret information services.|
|Wirt Walker, Russell and Co, CIA, and 911||article||3 September 2010||Kevin Ryan|
|Craig Murray||“The naive view of the world as “goodies” and “baddies”, with our own ruling class as the good guys, is for the birds. I witnessed personally in Uzbekistan the willingness of the UK and US security services to accept and validate intelligence they knew to be false in order to pursue their policy objectives.”||Craig Murray||13 March 2018|
|Eyewash||“Federal law makes it a criminal offense when a government employee “conceals, covers up, falsifies or makes a false entry” in an official record. Legal experts said they knew of no special exemption for the CIA, nor any attempt to prosecute agency officials for alleged violations. The CIA declined to comment.”||31 January 2016|
|Harry S. Truman||“For some time I have been disturbed by the way the CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the government.... I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations.”||Harry S. Truman|
|Is Martin McGuinness a British Agent?||“Indeed, in 1991 journalist Richard Norton-Taylor revealed the existence of a list of something like 500 prominent Britons, including around 90 in the media, who were in the employ of the CIA, and paid through the old friend of the intelligence services, the BCCI.”||5 May 2004|
|Operation Mockingbird||“there is quite an incredible spread of relationships. You don't need to manipulate Time Magazine, for example, because there are [Central Intelligence] Agency people at the management level.”||Carl Bernstein|
|Plausible deniability||“Everyone is trying to create a disjuncture between the initial order and the operation”||Scott Noble||7 July 2014|
|Plausible deniability||“The CIA doesn’t do anything it can’t deny. Tom Donohue, a retired senior CIA officer, told me about this.”||Douglas Valentine||9 September 2017|
- Document:Fifty Years of the Deep State by Mark Gorton
- The Origins of the Overclass, by Steve Kangas, http://www.huppi.com/kangaroo/L-overclass.html
- Document:The State, the Deep State, and the Wall Street Overworld
- Family Of SecretsFamily Of SecretsChapter 8
- From Director of Central Intelligence to Director of National Intelligence, National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 144, edited by Jeffrey T. Richelson, December 17, 2004, accessed 27 February 2008.
- Cocaine 1 and Cocaine 2
- Lobster Magazine, Issue #62, Robin Ramsay
- Document:Our Secret Servants - The Shayler Affair