Hong Kong is an island territory off the cost of China that was a colony of the British Empire from 1842 controlled by the UK until peacefully returned to China in 1997. As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under a principle of "one country, two systems" - a promise under stress and eroding.
The Umbrella Movement (sometimes called the Umbrella Revolution or Occupy Central) was a political movement that emerged during the Hong Kong democracy protests of 2014. Its name arose from the use of umbrellas as a tool for passive resistance to the Hong Kong police's use of pepper spray to disperse the crowd during a 79-day occupation of the city demanding more transparent elections, which was sparked by the decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) of 31 August 2014 that prescribed a selective pre-screening of candidates for the 2017 election of Hong Kong's chief executive.
|Document:US Openly Approves Hong Kong Chaos it Created||“The White House is watching democracy protests in Hong Kong closely and supports the "aspirations of the Hong Kong people”||Josh Earnest||29 September 2014|
Groups Headquartered Here
|A Group Headquartered Here||Description|
|Occupy Central||A civil disobedience movement which first manifested on the streets of Hong Kong's financial district on September 28, 2014|
|Document:Hong Kong's Identity Crisis||article||9 October 2014||Ulson Gunnar||The "Occupy Central" movement in Hong Kong seek to harness popular disaffection, especially among the young, but its leaders represent colonial collaborators who cannot accept the return of Hong Kong to China, nor imagine life other than as cogs in an Anglo-American world order.|
|Document:US Openly Approves Hong Kong Chaos it Created||article||30 September 2014||'Tony Cartalucci'||There is more to "Occupy Central" and the September 2014 demonstrations in Hong Kong than western media reports of "popular protests for democracy". The movement is thoroughly compromised by its links to and funding by US State Department and other Western NGO's|
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