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Group.png Italy   Sourcewatch Wikiquote
Flag of Italy.svg
Type nation state
Capital city Rome
Location Europe
Subgroups • Servizio Informazioni Difesa
• Servizio Informazioni Forze Armate
Member of Global Counter Terrorism Forum, NATO

Italy is a nation state in Southern Europe. Its capital city, Rome, contains the Vatican city. After CIA intervention in 1947 to try to prevent the electoral success of the communist party it proved politically unstable. A swathe of bombings from the late 1960s was later shown to be part of a NATO-backed program of propaganda and social destabilisation, exposed in the 1980s. The project had different names in different countries, but the Italian name "Operation Gladio" has come to describe the whole project.

Bearer bonds

Extremely large amounts of Bearer bonds (in extremely large denominations) have turned up on the Swiss border, such as the June 2009 seizure of US$ 134.5 billion worth. Reports disagree as to whether the bonds were real or fake, but those caught importing hem into Switzerland appear to have been released with charge.[1][2][3]


Full article: Operation Gladio

Italy was the first country in which the CIA carried out covert actions. In 1947, Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter signed a document NSC 4-A, authorising covert intervention in the elections to prevent a communist victory. This began a decades long campaign by the CIA to try to prevent a communist government from taking power.

Years of Lead

Full article: Stub class article Years of Lead

The Years of Lead were a decades long strategy of tension carried out against the population of Italy. They were marked by assassinations and false flag attacks and lead to the exposure of Operation Gladio

False flag bombings

The Peteano Attack was a false flag attack carried out in 1972 by Vincenzo Vinciguerra (a fascist), but blamed at the time on communist "terrorists". This began a NATO backed "strategy of tension" against the Italian people. After hundreds of people were murdered by false flag bombings such as the Bologna massacre, the level of interest was such that the secret stay-behind network, Operation Gladio was exposed.

Aldo Moro

In 1978, former Italian Prime Minister, Aldo Moro was kidnapped and murdered by the Brigate Rosse (Red Brigades). Like the Peteano attack, the possibility that this could have been a false flag attack was not taken seriously, although after the exposure of Gladio, it now is. Culpability is still being debated.


Italy was where the truth about Operation Gladio finally emerged (which is why the Europewide network has an Italian name). Italy was one of only 3 members of the European Union which complied with the European Parliament's directive to investigate Operation Gladio.[4]

Freedom of Speech

Six people were convicted of anti-semitism in Italy, under 1993 "race hatred" laws, in the wake of Charlie Hebdo.[5]  

An event carried out

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2011 Attacks on Libya15 February 2011 - 23 October 2011Libya

Nation state

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Nation state
Vatican City


Aerolinee Itavia Flight 87027 June 1980
Bilderberg/1957 October4 October 1957 - 6 October 1957
Bilderberg/19652 April 1965 - 4 April 1965
Bilderberg/198724 April 1987 - 26 April 1987
Bilderberg/20043 June 2004 - 6 June 2004
Borghese coup7 December 1970 - 8 December 1970
Piazza Fontana massacre12 December 1969 16:37:00
Piazza della Loggia bombing28 May 1974 10:12:00


Banca Nazionale del Lavoro
Operation Gladio1948 - Present
Opus Dei2 October 1928 - Present

Related Document

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TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Italy 1947-1948book extract2003William Blum