|Formation||14 May 1948|
• Military Intelligence Directorate (Israel)|
|Interest of||Jane Biran, Blue Star PR, Sasha Bratwa, Conservative Friends of Israel, Jonathan Cook, HonestReporting, J Street, Alison Weir|
•Israel/Violations of Lebanese sovereignty
|Renewing the Memorandum of Understanding in September 2016, whereby the American taxpayer agreed to pay Israel $38 billion over a 10-year period|
On 14 September 2016, US Under-Secretary of State Tom Shannon and Acting Israeli National Security Adviser Jacob Nagel signed a new 10-year memorandum of understanding for $38 billion in US military aid to Israel.
A signing ceremony — described as “low-key” by the Washington Post — was held in the State Department’s Treaty Room. Ceremonial protocol revealed not only why such a memorandum of understanding (MOU) cannot be subjected to much public scrutiny, but also the identities of the main constituencies pushing for such aid in the face of growing opposition.
The attendees were either State Department special guests invited to fill the arced row of chairs in the Treaty Room, or members of the news media responding to a last-minute notification posted on the State Department’s website. The rules for news media were strictly enforced. There were to be no questions asked of officials — such as Nagel or US National Security Adviser Susan Rice — before or after their speeches. Reporters were also kept from asking questions of the many special guests who filed in from an elegant annex. They were marched from a private passageway, relieved of cell phones, and kept behind a rope line at the back of the room. Numerous State Department minders were on hand to keep the press in line.
It quickly became clear that pro-Israel activists made up the large contingent of the special guests. “I want you to meet…he’s from the Conference of Presidents! [of Major American Jewish Organizations]!” went one introduction. Jonathan Greenblatt, the new head of the Anti-Defamation League, entered the room with quiet intensity, less effusive than his predecessor, Abraham Foxman, who headed the organization for 28 years before stepping down in 2015. Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL), ejected in June amid controversy as chair of the Democratic National Committee, only to immediately be named Hillary Clinton’s honorary campaign chair, flitted among her numerous admirers across the Treaty Room. Only a handful of low-ranking uniformed military personnel were on hand, ignored by most of the special guests and mainly serving at the very end as props for an official photo opportunity.
After a perfunctory speech by Rice claiming an “unshakeable commitment to Israel’s security” and assertion that “our security is linked” without explaining how, and additional comments by Nagel, the MOU signatures were inked at a long table. The leather portfolios passed between signatories seemed too thin to contain the actual MOU. Shannon and Nagel cast what seemed to be almost furtive glances at the audience as press and State Department video cameras rolled and shutters snapped.
The new MOU succeeds the George W. Bush administration’s 10-year (2009-2018) $30 billion MOU. Under that agreement, Israel used 26.3 percent of its U.S. aid to build up its own domestic export-oriented military industrial complex. It also used MOU aid to purchase U.S. commodities such as military rations, diesel and aviation fuel. Israel and its U.S. affinity organizations then lobbied and extracted hundreds of millions more from Congress each year in additional “short fuse” emergency funds for missile defense. The U.S. taxpayer shelled out $1.3 billion for Israel’s Iron Dome system, with additional ad hoc allocations for Israel’s Arrow-3 and David’s Sling systems.
The complete contents of the George W. Bush MOU — like its Obama administration successor — remains a mystery. Neither has been publicly released. The George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum — responding to a FOIA request — confirmed that the expiring MOU was “approximately 675 pages”, but shows no eagerness or haste to release it. The State Department has not responded to a FOIA request for the current MOU, which is likely even lengthier and more complex, or for a complete list of MOU ceremony invitees. According to the MOU 'Fact Sheet' released by the White House, Israel will now be prevented from lobbying Congress for additional missile defense aid, may no longer spend MOU dollars on commodities such as fuel, and the huge subsidization of Israeli military contractors will gradually sunset.
However, the MOU must still be funded by Congress. As an executive order mandating Foreign Military Financing, a Foreign Operations Appropriations Act must be passed each year by Congress and signed into law by the president before spending on new military hardware can commence. The appropriation is likely to be included in an omnibus spending bill in December.
Key members of Congress heavily supported by pro-Israel donors and PACs, have already proclaimed the MOU caps on addition funds “unconstitutional”. Republican Sens. Lindsey Graham (SC), Kelly Ayotte (NH), John McCain (AZ) and Ted Cruz (TX) have already rejected the principle of limitations by filing measures to provide Israel with $1.5 billion in military aid in addition to MOU commitments.
|Israel/Borders||29,726||Israel's borders are unusual in having changed several times in living memory. Israel currently borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, the Gaza Strip and Egypt on the southwest.|
|Israel/Violations of Lebanese sovereignty||14,130|
|2006 Lebanon War||12 July 2006 - 14 August 2006|
|Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism||2 July 1979 - 5 July 1979|
|Mossad||13 December 1949 - Present|
|A Short History of Israeli State Terrorism||letter||25 February 2006||Ismail Zayid|
|Ambush of Russian Bomber Was Guided by US Reconnaissance||article||26 November 2015||Alexei Leonkova||Interview with a Russian military expert and specialist in Russian Military Space Forces about the November 2015 shoot down of a Russian military jet by Turkish F16 fighter over Syria|
|File:Attack when the world is not watching.pdf||paper||1 May 2015||Ruben Durante|
|An analysis of the timing of Israeli military attacks on Gaza relative to important breaking news in the US and Europe|
|File:BitterRoots.pdf||speech||1 December 2011||J Rives Childs|
|File:Children and Youth Soldiers Testimonies 2005 2011.pdf||testimony||26 August 2012||IDF veterans|
|File:Children in Military Custody.pdf||report||June 2012||9 UK govt. appointed legal experts|
|Coordinating Regime Change in Iran and Venezuela||diplomatic communication||25 August 2010||Trowbridge Ford|
|File:Critical Technology Assessment.pdf||Report||April 1987||Edwin S. Townsley|
Clarence A Robinson
|US Institute for Defense Analysis assessment of the technologies of Israel and NATO nations - including nuclear weapons capailities. Declassified in March 2015 with all but the Israeli sections remaining redacted.|
|False Flags for Israel||webpage||11 September 2012||Deanna Spingola||An overview of Israel's long history of False Flag attacks.|
|File:Hasbara Handbook.pdf||handbook||March 2002||WJUS||A handbook for students on how to promote Israel in Universities|
|File:Hidden History of Zionism.pdf||book||Ralph Schoenman|
|File:Israel and CB Weapons.pdf||review||October 2001||Avner Cohen|
|Israel simply has no right to exist||article||3 January 2001||Faisal Bodi||A brief historical overview of Israel's claimed and much vaunted "right to exist" as a "Jewish State". The article demonstrates that the validity of the claim rest upon a single Biblical Old Testament source and nothing else. So far as the UN and international law are concerned, the claim would not stand scrutiny and adjudication by a truly impartial court of qualified law practitioners and judges.|
|Israel v the United States and Iran||7 September 2010||Unknown|
|Israel's omnicient ears||article||September 2010||Nicky Hager||Israeli Signals Intelligence base at Urim in the Negev Desert|
|Israeli immigration plan for ethnically pure bunker state||article||18 January 2012||Jonathan Cook|
|More than 500 jihadists cared for at the Ziv Medical Centre||article||24 November 2015||Voltaire Network||Israel treats ISIS/Al-Qaeda fighters before returning them to fight in Syria|
|Open letter to Ban Ki-Moon from Richard Falk||open letter||7 February 2016||Richard Falk||On-the-button open letter from Richard Falk to Ban Ki-moon about Israeli attacks on the latter for his modest, reasonable and accurate criticism of Israeli policy - Schadenfreude would be understandable in light of Richard Falks experience at Moon's hands.|
|File:Targeting-israeli-apartheid.pdf||book||January 2012||Tom Anderson|
|The Myth of the UN Creation of Israel||article||19 February 2011||Jeremy R. Hammond|
|The Saban Center’s prescient paper on war with Iran||webpage||20 October 2011||Maidhc Ó Cathail|
|The Suicide State||article||17 February 2012||Uri Avnery||On the suicidal tragectory of zionist Israel|
|The Tragedy of Gaza was all foreshadowed in the Bible||article||4 August 2014||Christopher Booker||Senior Establishment journalist Christopher Booker accuses Israel of identifying 'Race' with being 'Right' - an accusation which is self-evident from its constitution but which is too sensitive for publication in his newspaper The Sunday Telegraph|
|U.S. troops would enforce peace under Army study||article||10 September 2001|
|File:Un-escwa-israel-apartheid-report.pdf||report||17 March 2017||Richard Falk|
|The Apartheid nature of the Israeli State in its treatment of its non-jewish Palestinian population|
|Who Spies for Israel in Washington’s Nuclear Negotiations?||article||1 April 2015||James Petras||How Israel's interests are pursued in the corridors of US power in general and in the P5+1 nuclear negotiations with Iran in particular - with a credible list of suspects.|
|Why did Turkey shoot down a Russian Air Force jet?||article||26 November 2015||George Abert||Ex-USAF intelligence officer theorises about the real reasons for the Turkish shoot-down of a Russian plane over Syria on 24 November 2015|
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|Daniel Pipes||“There can be either an Israel or a Palestine, but not both. To think that two states can stably and peacefully coexist in the small territory between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea is to be either naive or duplicitous. If the last seventy years teach anything, it is that there can be only one state west of the Jordan River. Therefore, to those who ask why the Palestinians must be deprived of a state, the answer is simple: grant them one and you set in motion a chain of events that will lead either to its extinction or the extinction of Israel.”||Daniel Pipes||April 1990|