Gulf War

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Event.png Gulf War (war) Rdf-icon.png
Gulf War Photobox.jpg
Date 2 August 1990 - 28 February 1991
Location Kuwait
Deaths 35000
Injured (non-fatal) 75000
Description A war used by the US to effectively cow the Saudis into submission and bolster US military domination of the Gulf region.

The Gulf War, also known as the First Gulf War and Operation Desert Storm. Officially, this was righteous defense of a peace loving Kuwait the US and the 'coalition of the willing'. To understand this narrative more fully, it is important to note that before invading, Saddam Hussein sought, and was given, approval for the invasion. The US Senate voted narrowly to approve the invasion after the US public relations company Hill & Knowlton spent millions of dollars on war propaganda.[1]

US tacit approval of Iraqi invasion of Kuwait

A week before the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, on July 25, 1990, the U.S. Ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie had a personal meeting with Saddam Hussein in his Presidential Palace in Baghdad in which concluded with the pointed remark from the US that "we have no opinion on your Arab – Arab conflicts, such as your dispute with Kuwait. Secretary (of State James) Baker has directed me to emphasize the instruction, first given to Iraq in the 1960′s, that the Kuwait issue is not associated with America." When queried about this later by journalists, Glaspie stated "Obviously, I didn’t think, and nobody else did, that the Iraqis were going to take all of Kuwait".[2]

Nurse Nayirah

Full article: Nurse Nayirah

One of the most effective pieces of propaganda used to increase US public support for a war on Iraq was the testimony of "Nayirah", a purported 15 year old who spoke of Iraq soldiers throwing babies from incubators in the Kuwaiti hospital where she worked volunteer nursing assistant. Although repeated unquestioningly by commercially-controlled media and US political leaders, Nayirah was in reality the daughter of Saud bin Nasir Al-Sabah, the Kuwaiti ambassador to the US, and her testimony a complete fabrication devised by US public relations company Hill & Knowlton.[3] This was widely understood as necessary to get approval in the US Senate, which voted 52-47 to approve the invasion.[4]


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Operation Black Dogarticle2000David GuyattThe story of a US covert, airborne biological weapons attack on Iraq during the first US-Iraq war of 1990
Document:Iraq 1990-91book extract2003William Blum