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Event.png Bilderberg/1998(meeting) Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Bilderberg 1998.jpg
Date14 May 1998 - 17 May 1998
LocationTurnberry,  Scotland
ParticipantsPeter Carrington, Victor Halberstadt, Giovanni Agnelli, Paul A. Allaire, Joaquin Almunia Amann, Francisco Pinto Balsemao, Percy Barnevik, Ugur Bayar, Franco Bernabe, Christoph Bertram, Ernst H. van der Beugel, Conrad Black, Emma Bonino, Leon Brittan, John Browne (Executive), John Bruton, Robin Buchanan, Hubert Burda, Jaime Carvajal Urquijo, Luigi G. Cavalchini, İsmail Cem, Raymond A.J. Chretien, Anatoli B. Chubais, Kenneth Clarke, Bertrand Collomb, Kenneth S. Courtis, Vasco Pereira Coutinho, Andrew Crockett, George A. David, Étienne Davignon, John M. Deutch, Stephane Dion, Thomas Donilon, Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Ursula Engelen-Kefer, Martin S. Feldstein, Stanley Fischer, Lynn Forester, Orit Gadiesh, Jean-Louis Gergorin, Meral Gezgin Eris, John Goossens, Ronald Grierson, Marc Grossman, Bernard Guetta, William Hague, David Hannay, Jim Hoagland, Westye Høegh, Cees H. van der Hoeven, James F. Hoge, Christopher Hogg, Richard C. Holbrooke, Miguel Horta e Costa, Wolfgang Ischinger, Otmar Issing, Michael Jenkins, James A. Johnson, Vernon E. Jordan, Anatole Kaletsky, Kostas A. Karamanlis, Suna Kirac, Henry A. Kissinger, Max Kohnstamm, Hilmar Kopper, Pieter Korteweg, Karel Kovanda, Henry R. Kravis, Marie-Josee Kravis, Jan Leschly, André Lévy-Lang, Paavo Lipponen, Mogens Lykketoft, Margaret MacMillan, Preston Manning, Rainer S. Masera, Jessica Mathews, William J. McDonough, Matthias Nass, Beatrix Armgard, Andrzej Olechowski, Jorma Ollila, Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, George A. Papandreou, Kieran Prendergast, Clyde V. Prestowitz, Othmar Puhringer, William Purves, David de Pury, Gerhard Randa, William R. Rhodes, George Robertson, David Rockefeller, Matias Rodriguez Inciarte, Eric Roll, Evelyn de Rothschild, Jürgen E. Schrempp, Toger Seidenfaden, Domenico Siniscalco, Javier Solana Madariaga, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, Kjell Storvik, Hanna Suchoka, Lawrence H. Summers, Peter D. Sutherland, J. Martin Taylor, G. Richard Thoman, Nils M. Udgaard, Daniel Vasella, Lodewijk J.R. de Vink, Janne Virkkunen, Mia de Vits, Franz Vranitzky, Gijs M. de Vries, Jacob Wallenberg, Christine Todd Whitman, Matthias Wissmann, James D. Wolfensohn, Otto Wolff von Amerongen, Paul Wolfowitz, Casimir A. Yost
PerpetratorsBilderberg/Steering committee
Witnessed byJohn Micklethwait, Adrian Wooldridge
DescriptionThe 46th Bilderberg meeting, held in Scotland, chaired by Peter Carrington

The 1998 Bilderberg Meeting was the 46th such meeting and had participants from Europe, the United States and Canada. It was chaired by Peter Carrington and was held at Turnberry, Ayrshire, Scotland. The 121 guests included 36 business executives, 26 politicians, 8 financiers, 11 editors/journalists and 10 academics. The next meeting was the 1999 Bilderberg.


The 1998 Bilderberg Agenda has not been leaked, but the website at Bilderberg Meetings has posted an agenda.

1. Current Events

2. What Will be the Consequences of EMU?

3. Is there Room for one Transatlantic Market Place?

4. Military Implications of the Growing Technological Disparity between the United States and Europe

5. To what Extent Will Enlargement Redefine NATO's Relationship with Russia?

6. Is Europe's Social Model Dead?

7. A Review of the Crisis in Kosovo and Albania: the Role of the UN

8. In the Light of the Asian Crisis should the World's Financial System be Reformed?

9. The Implications of the New India Nuclear Weapon Program

10. Turkey's Role in the Western Alliance

Press Release

The 46th Bilderberg Meeting will be held in Turnberry, Scotland, May 14-17, 1998 to discuss the Atlantic Relationship in a Time of Change. Among others the Conference will discuss NATO, Asian Crisis, EMU, Growing Military Disparity, Japan, Multilateral Organizations, Europe's social model, Turkey, EU/US Market Place.

Approximately 120 participants from North America and Europe will attend the discussions. The meeting is private in order to encourage frank and open discussion.

Bilderberg takes its name from the hotel in the Netherlands where the first meeting took place in May 1954. That meeting grew out of the concern on both sides of the Atlantic that the industrialized democracies in Europe and North America were not working together as closely as they should on matters of critical importance. It was felt that regular, off-the-record discussions would contribute to a better understanding of the complex forces and major trends affecting Western nations.

What is unique about Bilderberg as a forum is (1) the broad cross-section of leading citizens, in and out of government, that are assembled for nearly three days of purely informal discussion about topics of current concern especially in the fields of foreign affairs and the international economy, (2) the strong feeling among participants that in view of the differing attitudes and experiences of their nations, there is a continuous, clear need to develop an understanding in which these concerns can be accommodated, and (3) the privacy of the meetings, which have no purpose other than to allow participants to speak their minds openly and freely.

To ensure full discussion, individuals representing a wide range of political and economic points of view are invited. Two-thirds of the participants come from Europe and the remainder from the United States and Canada. Within this framework, on average about one-third are from the government sector and the remaining two-thirds from a variety of fields including finance, industry, labour, education and the media. Participants are solely invited for their knowledge, experience and standing and with reference to the topics on the agenda.

All participants attend Bilderberg in a private and not in an official capacity.

Participants have agreed not to give interviews to the press during the meeting. In contacts with the news media after the conference it is an established rule that no attribution should be made to individual participants of what was discussed during the meeting.

There will be no press conference. A list of participants is appended.



Gianni AgnelliItalian industrialist, 37 Bilderbergs
Paul AllaireBilderberg Steering Committee member who headed Rank Xerox
Joaquín AlmuniaSpanish politician, European Commissioner for 10 years, 6 Bilderbergs
Otto Wolff von AmerongenBilderberg Advisory Committee member, deep politician
Beatrix ArmgardFormer Dutch Queen. Survived 2009 Queen's Day Attack. Kicked a very heavy Bilderberg habit in 2015.
Francisco Pinto Balsemão>30 Bilderbergs, Bilderberg Steering committee, Prime Minister of Portugal
Percy BarnevikBilderberg Steering committee
Uğur BayarTurkish businessman and financier.
Franco BernabèItalian banker and manager, Steering Committee of the Bilderberg
Christoph BertramGerman journalist with a heavy Bilderberg habit
Ernst van der BeugelDutch deep politician, 34 Bilderbergs, on both the Advisory & Steering committees
Conrad BlackFraudulent Bilderberg steering committee member
Emma BoninoAttended the 1998 Bilderberg as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection
Leon Brittanformer European Commissioner
John Browne (Executive)UK businessman and former CEO of BP. He proposed a merger of Shell and BP at the 2004 Bilderberg.
John BrutonClub de Madrid, Triple Bilderberger Irish politician
Robin BuchananTriple Bilderberger US businessman
Hubert BurdaMulti-billionaire publisher. 7 Bilderbergs
Peter CarringtonUK Deep politician. Bilderberg chairman. President of the Pilgrims Society. Secretary General of NATO. Chairman of the UK Conservative Party. Busy guy.
Luigi CavalchiniAttended the 1998 Bilderberg as Italian Permanent Representative to the European Union.
İsmail CemTurkish politician, Robert College alumnus, double Bilderberg
Raymond ChretienAttended the 1998 Bilderberg as Canadian Ambassador to the US
Anatoly ChubaisDouble Bilderberger facilitator of the privatisation of Russia
Kenneth ClarkeBilderberg Steering committee, The Other Club, UK politician
Bertrand CollombConnected French businessman. 13 Bilderbergs.
Miguel Horta e CostaPortuguese banker
Kenneth CourtisBusinessman, financier and 3 times Bilderberg visitor.
Vasco Pereira CoutinhoPortuguese businessman who attended the 1998 Bilderberg
Andrew CrockettIMF, BIS, Bank Of England, JP Morgan
George DavidGreek Cypriot entrepreneur, Bilderberg Steering committee.
Étienne DavignonBelgian deep politician, EU commissioner, Bilderberg chairman, Egmont Institute president
John DeutchUSDSO, confronted as CIA Director by Mike Ruppert about CIA Drug dealing in 1996
Stéphane DionCanadian diplomat who attended the 1998 Bilderberg as Canada/President of the Privy Council
Tom DonilonSpooky Bilderberger
Uffe Ellemann-JensenStarted more offensive military/soft power posture as Danish Foreign Minister. 8 Bilderbergs, candidate for NATO General-Secretary.
Meral Gezgin ErişLobbyist for Turkish membership of the European Union.
Martin FeldsteinUS economist, Trilateral Commission, heavy Bilderberg habit towards the end of his life.
Stanley FischerIsraeli/US central banker and poly-Bilderberger
Orit GadieshOne of the world's "100 most powerful women". Attended the 1997 and 1998 Bilderbergs.
Jean-Louis GergorinAttended 4 Bilderbergs from 1997 to 2003. Sentenced to 3 years in prison for slanderous denunciation, forgery, concealment of breach of trust and theft
John GoossensBelgacom/CEO who attended 3 Bilderbergs in the 1990s. Died at 57
Ronald GriersonSpooky financier/businessman
Marc GrossmanMember of Sibel Edmonds' State Secrets Privilege Gallery, attended the 1998 and 2007 Bilderbergs.
Bernard GuettaFrench journalist
William HagueDescribed sinister Le Cercle as "a political group which organises conferences."
Victor HalberstadtA professor of economics, with a minimal Wikipedia page, who has attended all Bilderberg meetings since 1975.
David HannayUK diplomat, Ditchley Governor, attended 2 Bilderbergs in the 1990s
Jim HoaglandUS journalist whose Deep state connections include the CFR, Hoover Institution, Institute for Strategic Dialogue and 4 visits to the Bilderberg
Cees H. van der HoevenDutch businessman
James F. HogeAttended the 1998 Bilderberg as Foreign Affairs/Editor
... further results



John MicklethwaitEditor of The Economist for 9 years then Bloomberg News
Adrian WooldridgeUK Journalist and editor. Regular "observer" at the Bilderberg