Biological weapon

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Concept.png Biological weapon 
(WMD,  poison,  disease,  organism)Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Interest of• Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy
• George C. Marshall Institute
• Steven J. Hatfill
• Bruce Ivins
• Project MKNAOMI
Subpage(s)Biological weapon/Research

Biological weapons are organisms intended for use as destructive agents, typically by infecting and killing people.

Legality

Research into biological weapons is allowed for defensive purposes. In practice, this is difficult or impossible to differentiate from offensive research.

Ethnic bioweapon

The development of ethnic bioweapons and their projected use has been a matter of discussion since at least two decades.[1][2]

2002-2003 SARS epidemic in Southern China

ABC News reported on the conclusion by Sergei Kolesnikov, that the virus was made in a laboratory.[3]

2009 avian flu contamination

In February 2009, Baxter International shipped 72 kg material to 16 laboratories in 4 countries. The material was marked as vaccine, but contained live H5N1 avian flu virus material as well as a mix of H3N2 seasonal flu viruses.[4]

Level 4 Bioweapons labs

Research into the most hazardous substances are carried out at Biosafety level 4 facilities.

USA

The United States operates a high number of level 4 labs worldwide.[5][6] Accidents and carelessness on the side management shows, that it is not possible to operate these labs, even those with the highest security level, safely all the time.[7] Especially notorious is the Plum Island bio lab near Long island.[8][9]

China

2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak map.jpg

The only such facility in mainland China is the Wuhan Institute of Virology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 8.6 miles from the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market identified by the World Health Organization as linked to a cluster of 44 people who became unwell with pneumonia of unknown cause, at the start of the 2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak.


 

An example

Page nameDescription
2001 Anthrax attacksA week after 9/11, weaponised anthrax spores was sent from a US lab to media offices and to two U.S. Senators who were obstructing the rollback of civil liberties. A $100M FBI investigation concluded that posthumously blamed a "lone nut" researcher. In 2015, the FBI head of the investigation sued the US Attorney General alleging that exculpating evidence had been withheld.

 

Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Operation Black Dogarticle2000David GuyattThe story of a US covert, airborne biological weapons attack on Iraq during the first US-Iraq war of 1990


References