Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism
The Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism (JCIT) was a seminal event in the development of the "war on terror". It was convened by the Jonathan Institute on 2-5 July 1979 at the Hilton Hotel, Jerusalem, Israel. It was attended by about 700 guests, almost all citizens of Israel, UK and US, but with a few other Western Europeans. It was followed up in 1984 by the more widely publicised Washington Conference on International Terrorism.
- 1 Own words
- 2 Purposes
- 3 Deep political connections
- 4 Programme
- 4.1 Opening Session: The Face of Terrorism
- 4.2 Second Session: State Support for International Terrorism
- 4.3 Third Session: The Threat Posed by Terrorism to Democratic Societies
- 4.4 Fourth Session: Current Response of Democratic Societies
- 4.5 Fifth Session: Terrorism and the Media
- 4.6 Sixth Session: Proposed Countermeasures for the Democratic World
- 4.7 Closing Session: The Challenge to Free Men
- 5 Reporting
- 6 Related Quotation
- 7 Participants
- 8 Related Documents
- 9 Rating
- 10 References
The conference aimed, in the words of its founder, Benjamin Netanyahu, "to focus public attention on the grave threat that international terrorism poses to all democratic societies, to study the real nature of today’s terrorism, and to propose measures for combating and defeating the international terror movements." It was not widely reported upon at the time, and no pictures were readily available on the internet as of 2019.
Tom Secker suggests that the ideology of the current "War on Terror" was conceived at the JCIT, while Tom Griffin termed it in his PhD thesis "a major international forum for the movement against détente".
A Canadian academic[Who?] noted that the conference featured: "pre-emptive attacks on states that are alleged to support “terrorists”; an elaborate intelligence system apparatus; slashed civil liberties, particularly for Palestinians targeted as potential terrorists, including detention without charge, and torture; and propaganda to dehumanize “terrorists” in the eyes of the public. George H. W. Bush and George Shultz, Reagan’s Secretary of State enthusiastically endorsed this concept. Bush Sr. gave a speech at JCIT advocating precisely the type of “war on terror” that his son implemented in 2001."
Deep political connections
Brian Crozier, chairman of Le Cercle, spoke at the conference, as did his friends Robert Moss, Alun Gwynne Jones and Gerhard Lowenthal, all of whom have attended Le Cercle. Launching a "war on terror" is a close fit with other known activities of the group such as interfering in party politics, setting up "anti-communist" groups and brokering weapons deals. Many Cercle members set up groups to carry out "terrorism research".
Opening Session: The Face of Terrorism
- Professor Benzion Netanyahu, Chairman: Opening Remarks.
- Shimon Peres, MK: The Threat and the Response.
- Paul Johnson: The Seven Deadly Sins of Terrorism.
- Hugh Fraser, MP: The Tyranny of Terrorism.
- Senator Henry M. Jackson: Terrorism as a Weapon in International Politics.
- Prime Minister Menachem Begin: Freedom Fighters and Terrorists.
Second Session: State Support for International Terrorism
- Ambassador Chaim Herzog, Chairman: Opening Remarks.
- Professor Richard Pipes: The roots of the Involvement.
- Brian Crozier: Soviet Support for International Terrorism.
- Maj. Gen Aharon Yariv: Arab State Support for Terrorism.
- Lord Chalfont: Overcoming the Climate of Appeasement.
- Dr Ray S. Cline: The Strategic Framework.
Third Session: The Threat Posed by Terrorism to Democratic Societies
- (Ex-) Ambassador Gideon Rafael, Chairman: Opening Remarks.
- Senator John C. Danforth: Terrorism Versus Democracy
- David Barrett: The Threat of Terrorism in a Broader Concept.
- Robert Moss: The Terrorist State.
- Professor Mordecai Abir: The Arab World, Oil and Terrorism.
- Professor Edward Teller: The Spectre of Nuclear Terrorism.
- Professor Thomas C. Schelling: Can Nuclear Terrorism be Neutralized?
Fourth Session: Current Response of Democratic Societies
- Ambassador Asher Ben-Natan, Chairman: Opening Remarks.
- Joop Den Uyl, MP: The Dutch Response.
- Professor Annie Kriegel: Public Opinion, Intellectuals and Terrorism in Western Europe.
- Frank Cluskey, MP: The Irish Response.
- Representative Jack Kemp: The Unseen Hand.
- Piero Luigi Vigna: Italian Responses.
- Bayard Rustin: Democracy and Terrorism.
- George Will: Calculating the Public Interest.
Fifth Session: Terrorism and the Media
- Gerhard Lowenthal: The Case of West Germany
- Michael Elkins: Caging the Beast.
- Norman Podhoretz: The Subtle Collusion.
- Midge Decter: The Need for Clarity.
- Ben Wattenberg: A Politics of Freedom is the Answer.
- Jacques Soustelle: Liberty or License?
Sixth Session: Proposed Countermeasures for the Democratic World
- Justice Meir Shamgar, Chairman: Opening Remarks.
- Merlyn Rees: Terror in Ireland and Britain's Response.
- Harry van den Bergh MP: Maintaining the Balance.
- Mordecai Ben-Ari: Protecting the Airways.
- Professor Joseph W. Bishop: Legal Measures to Control Terrorism in Democracies.
- Dr Hans Josef Horchem: Pre-Empting Terror.
- Ambassador Manlio Brosio: Fighting Terror within the International Framework.
- Eric Blumenfeld, Member of Bundestag, "No" to Terrorism in any Guise.
Closing Session: The Challenge to Free Men
- Lord Chalfont, Chairman: Opening Remarks.
- Lane Kirkland, President, AFL-CIO: Terrorism and the Gulag.
- Ambassador George H. W. Bush: The U.S. and the Fight Against International Terrorism.
- Maj. Gen. George Keegan, Jr: The Preferred Route.
- Maj. Gen. Shlomo Gazit: The Myth and Reality of the PLO.
- Vladimir Bukovsky: The Curse of Complicity.
- Lord Chalfont's Closing Remarks.
In July 1979 Executive Intelligence Review published a one page article by Jeffrey Steinberg on JCIT entitled: Jerusalem conference plots International terrorist bloodbath. It named as JCIT visitors Robert Moss, Brian Crozier, Ray Cline, Lord Chalfont, Paul Johnson, Henry Jackson, Jacques Soustelle, Chaim Herzog, Midge Decter and Ben Watenberg.
|Document:Sins of Statecraft - The War on Terror Exposed||“a group of powerful elites from various countries gathered at an international conference in Jerusalem to promote and exploit the idea of ‘international terrorism.’ The (Jerusalem) conference (on International Terrorism, or JCIT) established the ideological foundations for the ‘war on terror.’ JCIT’s defining theme was that international terrorism constituted an organized political movement whose ultimate origin was in the Soviet Union. All terrorist groups were ultimately products of, and could be traced back to, this single source, which - according to the JCIT - provided financial, military, and logistical assistance to disparate terrorist movements around the globe. The mortal danger to Western security and democracy posed by the worldwide scope of this international terrorist movement required an appropriate worldwide anti-terrorism offensive, consisting of the mutual coordination of Western military intelligence services.”||Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed||2005|
|Menachem Begin||Attended the JCIT as Prime Minister of Israel|
|Asher Ben-Natan||"A central figure in Israel’s defense and diplomacy establishment" who spoke at the 1979 JCIT|
|Harry van den Bergh|
|Joseph Bishop||A member of the Committee on the Present Danger, he spoke at the seminal 1979 Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism on "Legal Measures to Control Terrorism in Democracies."|
|Manlio Brosio||The last Secretary General of NATO who was appointed before he attended the Bilderberg.|
|Vladimir Bukovsky||Russian dissident who spoke at the 1979 JCIT.|
|George H. W. Bush||Skull and bones mastermind of the bush family busine$$.|
|Ray S. Cline||Senior CIA, spoke at the 1979 Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism|
|Frank Cluskey||Spoke at the 1979 Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism as Leader of the Irish Labour Party|
|Brian Crozier||Arch espionage insider who founded his own intelligence agency|
|John Danforth||Spoke at the 1979 JCIT on "Terrorism Versus Democracy". He was a mentor of Le Cercle visitor, Paul Dietrich.|
|Midge Decter||Neocon "polemical powerhouse"|
|Michael Elkins||Close connections to Israeli intelligence operations. Worked for the BBC,CBS and Newsweek. The first journalist to report at the beginning of the Six-Day War, and a speaker at the 1979 JCIT.|
|Hugh Fraser||Officer in the Special Operations Executive and MI5.|
|Hans Josef Horchem|
|Henry Jackson||Suspected deep state operative who attended 3 Bilderbergs in the 1960s and spoke at the 1979 Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism on "Terrorism as a Weapon in International Politics".|
|Paul Johnson||Influential author in US and British right-wing politics|
|Alun Gwynne Jones||UK politician, Cercle visitor, the only person who spoke more than once at the JCIT|
|George Keegan Jr|
|Jack Kemp||Closely associated with the hawkish wing of the Republican Party.|
|Gerhard Löwenthal||German deep state operative|
|Robert Moss||Right-wing activist who specialized in anti-communist writing, attended Le Cercle, later became a shamanic counselor|
|Benjamin Netanyahu||Israeli deep politician who has been Prime Minister of Israel|
|Richard Pipes||Hawkish cold warrior historian|
|Norman Podhoretz||One of the founding fathers of the neoconservative movement|
|Gideon Rafael||A co-founder of the Israeli Foreign Ministry, and speaker at the 1979 JCIT.|
|Merlyn Rees||A UK home secretary who spoke at the 1979 Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism.|
|Jacques Soustelle||French OAS operative, in exile between 1961 and 1968, speaker at the 1979 JCIT|
|Edward Teller||Director of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, "the father of the hydrogen bomb".|
|Joop Den Uyl||Politician. Dutch Prime Minister. Deep state functionary. Teenage Adolf Hitler fan. While leading the most "socialist" coalition in Dutch history Den Uyl's cabinet secretly smuggled weapons to Israel for the Yom Kippur War, trained their soldiers, set up the first national counterterrorism units used in controversial missions, cover-up Prince Bernhard Northrop Affair.|
|Piero Luigi Vigna|
|Ben J. Wattenberg||Democratic Party Cold War hardliner that moved to neoconservatism during the 1970s.|
|Aharon Yariv||Spoke at the 1979 Jerusalem Conference on International Terrorism, on "Arab State Support for Terrorism".|
|Document:Jonathan Institute, extract from The "Terrorism" Industry||book extract||1990||Edward S. Herman|
|Document:Sins of Statecraft - The War on Terror Exposed||paper||29 July 2006||Brian Bogart|
- Benjamin Netanyahu, International Terrorism: Challenge and Response, Jonathan Institute, 1981, Foreword.
- Benjamin Netanyahu, International Terrorism: Challenge and Response, Jonathan Institute, 1981, Foreword.
- International Terrorism: Challenge and Response - Foreword
- http://www.spyculture.com/disinfowars-3-the-ideological-origins-of-the-war-on-terror/ Paywalled :-( but a sampler is available.
- Google Books (Some sections readable)
- Benjamin Netanyahu, International Terrorism: Challenge and Response, Jonathan Institute, 1981, Contents.