1948

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Decade.png 1940s: )    Year.png 1948 Rdf-icon.png
SS Exodus.jpg
SS Exodus carrying immigrants to Israel. The boat was targeted by Operation Embarrass.

1948 saw an intensifying of the Cold War, and a commencement of mind control research (Operation Chatter). The CIA became operational in 1958, after being signed in law by Harry Truman the previous year.

Cold War

Full article: Cold War

The RAND Corporation was formed in 1948, a think tank which remains closely affiliated to the Military-industrial complex.

CIA expansion

Full article: CIA

In 1948, directive NSC 10/2 authorised the CIA to carry out covert actions anywhere in the world, specifically including "propaganda; economic warfare; preventive direct action, including sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition, and evacuation measures; subversion against hostile states, including assistance to underground resistance movements, guerrillas and refugee liberation groups, and support of indigenous anti-Communist elements in threatened countries of the free world." By 1951, according to Walter Bedell Smith, the CIA covert operations had already "far exceeded" this.

 

Events

EventDateDescription
Tuskegee syphilis experiment1932 - 1972
Morgenthau Plan16 September 1944 - 5 May 1955
Operation Paperclip8 May 1945 - 1990
Guatemala syphilis experiment1946 - 1953
Project CHATTER1947 - 1953
Cold War1947 - 1991
Operation Embarrass14 February 1947 - 1948
Operation Demagnetize1948 - 1980
 

New Groups

GroupImageDateTypeDescription
World Council of ChurchesMain.png
Association of Chief Police OfficersACPO.png1948 - 2015
American Committee on United EuropeGroup.png1948 - Present
OEECGroup.png1948 - 1961Intergovernmental organisationThe Organisation for European Economic Co-operation
Operation GladioGladioEmblem.png1948 - PresentMilitary
"Terrorist"
Secret for over 40 years, Gladio is a NATO-backed network of armed soldiers inside the nations of Europe outside effective control of national governments. Ostensibly intended for use only in case of a Soviet invasion, Gladio carried out a string of false flag terror attacks. In 1990, the European parliament asked all member states to launch investigations, but only 5 national governments did so.
People's Bank of ChinaPBOC logo.png12 January 1948 - PresentCentral bankThe central bank of mainland China
IsraelFlag of Israel.svg14 May 1948 - PresentNation stateRenewing the Memorandum of Understanding in September 2016, whereby the American taxpayer agreed to pay Israel $38 billion over a 10-year period
Israel/Defense ForcesIdf logo.png26 May 1948 - PresentMilitary
Office of Policy CoordinationGroup.pngJune 1948 - 1951Intelligence agencyA forerunner of the CIA, "staffed by reckless adventurers"
Office of Scientific IntelligenceGroup.png31 December 1948 - 5 August 1963
 

Related Quotation

PageQuoteAuthor
Parastate“The immediate concern of the United States was Europe, where it appeared that the French and Italian communist parties might be elected to power in 1948. From the beginning of the postwar era, Washington looked for assets and proxy armies of its own to combat the threat perceived from the Soviet Union and China. Some of these proxies like the the nationalist Chinese Kuomintang (KMT) troops in Burma or the Mafia's in Italy and Marseilles soon outgrew their US support to become de facto regional players or parastates, exhibiting some but not all of the properties of states in their own right. From 1945-1947, elements in the US army conspired to maintain contacts with former German anti-communists in Europe and their German army commander, General Reinhard Gehlen. 5 men were involved of whom 3 (William J. Donovan, Allen Dulles and Frank Wisner) were representatives of the Wall St. overworld and also of the New York Social Register which listed the members of New York high society. They were awaiting a new agency to succeed Donovan's Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and take over the Nazi's ethnic armies in Eastern Europe. But the idea of a centralised intelligence agency encountered fierce competitive opposition from the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover who was backed at first by elements of Army intelligence. Although it took 2 years to overcome their opponents, the Wall Street lawyers and bankers in Truman's administration succeeded in 1947 in establishing CIA, which would report to the president through the new National Security Council (NSC). This new agency, based on the precedent and personnel of the OSS had been urged on Washington by the War/Peace studies of the Council of Foreign Relations in the early 1940s. It was reinforced by a report commissioned in 1945 by Navy Secretary James V. Forrestal. The report was written by Ferdinand Eberstadt who like Forrestal was a private Wall Street banker from the investment bank, Dylan Reed. As CIA director Richard Helms narrates in his memoirs Allen Dulles, then a Republican lawyer in Sullivan and Cromwell in New York was recruited in 1946 to draft proposals for the shape and direction what was to become the new CIA. in 1947 Dulles promptly formed an advisory group of 6 men, all but one of whom were Wall St investment bankers or lawyers.”Peter Dale Scott


References