South Africa

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Group.png South Africa   Sourcewatch
Location South Africa AU Africa.svg
Flag of South Africa.svg
Type nation state
Location Africa
Leader President of South Africa
Jacob Zuma.jpg
Incumbent: Jacob Zuma
Since 9 May 2009
Subgroups • National Intelligence Co-ordinating Committee
• State Security Agency (South Africa)
• South African Secret Service
• South African Police Service
• South African Defence Force
Interest of Andrew Feinstein
Member of Global Counter Terrorism Forum, Organisation of African Unity
SubpageSouth Africa/Nuclear weapons
A former UK colony

South Africa, a former British colony, is ranked by the World Bank as an “upper middle income” country. It has arguably the world's greatest income inequality and the rate of unemployment at 26 percent.[1]

2016 Protests

Student protests in 2016 have gone on for weeks, focusing on increased prices for access to higher education. Numerous students were injured and at least one killed, but commercially-controlled media did not report them widely outside of the country.[1]

Apartheid government

The nation had a system of government supported racism which was the subject of international protest. It was formally ended in 1994.[1] One means of protesting this was an embargo on diplomatic contacts, which may have been key in encouraging the government to seek out more clandestine milieu - such as Le Cercle.

Deep State Connections

Full article: Rated 5/5 Le Cercle

Adrian Hänni suggests that apartheid South Africa may have been only government that ever sent an official delegation to Cercle meetings. He wrote that "The official South African delegations, which have been arranged by the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) in Pretoria from at least the late 1970s onwards, were largely composed of Ambassadors to the major Cercle countries (Great Britain, the United States, France and Germany), accompanied by senior officials from the DFA, and Foreign Minister Pik Botha at times attended as a guest. The connection between the Cercle and the South African government had already been initiated in the first half of the 1970s, when Cercle leaders had cooperated with the South African Department of Information on a vast secret propaganda program to improve the image of South Africa and the apartheid regime."[2] The South African government was a majof funder of Le Cercle in the 1980s, up to 1992.

Nuclear Weapons

Full article: South Africa/Nuclear weapons

After decades of work, South Africa developed nuclear weapons in the 1980s, only for the apartheid government to ship them abroad to US and UK in a secret deal in 1989 to prevent their use by the incoming administration of Nelson Mandela. This deal, in which David Cameron and the government of Margaret Thatcher was highly secret at the time and little known until the last few years.[citation needed]


Prohibitions against the private cultivation and use of cannabis were declared unconstitutional and invalid in 2017.  


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2004 Equatorial Guinea coup d'état attempt


South African Defence Force
South African Reserve Bank

Job here

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Robert BlackVisiting Professor19971999Faculty of Law

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