1948 Hague Congress

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Event.png 1948 Hague Congress  Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Europa Congres Ridderzaal Den Haag.jpg
Meeting in the Hall of Knights in The Hague, during the congress (May 9, 1948)
Date7 May 1948 - 11 May 1948
LocationThe Hague,  Netherlands
ParticipantsMarcel Pilet-Golaz, Winston Churchill, Grigore Gafencu, Édouard Daladier, Albert-Édouard Janssen, Anthony Eden, Juraj Krnjevic, Knut Kristensen, Indalecio Prieto, Hjalmar J. Procopé, Paul Ramadier, Paul Reynaud, Tadeusz Romer, Paul van Zeeland, Jacques Augarde, Gustav Heinemann, Johannes Hoffmann, François Mitterrand, Konrad Adenauer, Léon Chevalme, Alphonse Colle, Maurice Schumann, Auguste Cool, Henri Lambotte, Henri Davezac, Ivo Duchacek, Carl Romme, Gaston Tessier, Živko Topalović, Édouard Bonnefous, Georges Chevrot, Paolo Giobbe; André François-Poncet, André Lefèvre, marquis d'Ormesson, Nicolò Carandini, Étienne Gilson, Charles Morgan, Bertrand Russell, Raymond Rifflet, William Rappard, Walter Hallstein, René Capitant, Léon Julliot, Lord Moran, Michel Polonowski, Émile Borel, Gilbert Murray, Peter Fleming, Henry de Ségogne, Jacques Rueff, Maurice Allais, Jan Tinbergen, Harold Butler, Louis Salleron, Jacques Lacour-Gayet, Pierre Hély d’Oissel, Pieter Otten, Adrian Boult, Paul Landowski, Raymond Aron, René Courtin, Walter Layton, Jan Piłsudski, Raymond Silva, Gilberte Brossolette, Frances L. Josephy, Germaine Peyroles, Claire Saunier, Edmond Michelet, Jean de Suzannet, Hugh Delargy, Jean Mathé, Jean Buchmann, Henri Koch, Altiero Spinelli, André Voisin, Robert Bichet, Alexandre Marc, François de Menthon, Luc Durand-Réville, Robert Lemaignen, Edmond Giscard d’Estaing, Henri Cangardel, Georges Le Brun Kéris, Henk Oosterhuis, Frans Otten, Paul Rijkens, Jan Tinbergen, Herbert Tingsten, Herman Smitt Ingebretsen, A.P. Møller, Edward Beddington-Behrens, Denis de Rougemont, Harold Macmillan, Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, Peter Fleming, Arvid Fredborg, Julian Amery, Ole Bjørn Kraft, Lionel Curtis, Leslie Hore-Belisha, Adriano Olivetti, Ingnazio Silone
PerpetratorsDuncan Sandys, Józef Retinger
DescriptionLandmark conference which had a profound influence on the shape of the European Movement. Many of the groups organizing the conference received covert funding from the CIA.

The Hague Congress or the Congress of Europe[1] was a conference that was held in The Hague from 7–11 May 1948 with 750 delegates participating from around Europe as well as observers from Canada and the United States of America. Many of the groups organizing the conference received covert funding from the CIA.

Official narrative

The Congress, organized by Duncan Sandys and Józef Retinger, brought together representatives from across a broad political spectrum, providing them with the opportunity to discuss ideas about the development of European political co-operation. It was held under the auspices of the International Committee of the Movements for European Unity, subsequently to become the European Movement after the Congress.[2]

A broad range of philosophers, journalists, church leaders, lawyers, professors, entrepreneurs and historians also took an active role in the congress. A call was launched for a political, economic and monetary Union of Europe. This landmark conference was to have a profound influence on the shape of the European Movement, which was created soon afterwards.

CIA funding

Many of the groups organizing the conference received covert funding from the CIA. The front group the American Committee on United Europe was used for this purpose.[3]


Known Participants

27 of the 101 of the participants already have pages here:

Konrad AdenauerGerman (deep?) politician, CDU leader
Julian AmeryMI6, deep politician who chaired Le Cercle for several years.
Raymond AronFrench sociologist who attended 3 Bilderbergs from 1957 to 1966
Edward Beddington-BehrensDeputy Chief of the Secret Intelligence Service for a year during WW2. Attended the 1958 Bilderberg.
Winston Churchill
Auguste CoolBelgian anti-communist labour leader and suspected deep state operative.
Richard Coudenhove-KalergiThe founder of the first influential movement for a united Europe.
Lionel CurtisSenior UK deep state operative, the first honorary secretary of Chatham House
Anthony EdenA UK Prime Minister who did not attend the Bilderberg, although his son did.
Peter FlemingBritish adventurer, spook,journalist, soldier and travel writer.
Walter HallsteinTaken prisoner by the Americans in June 1944, where he was selected for special training as part of "Project Sunflower", a reeducation plan for possible future decision-makers. Became one of the founding fathers of the European Union. Multi-Bilderberg
Ole Bjørn KraftA Danish conservative politician whom Józef Retinger consulted when setting up the Bilderberg group
Walter LaytonThe Economist/Editor 1922-38, The Economist/Chair 1944-63
Harold MacmillanUK PM
François Mitterrand
Henk OosterhuisAttended the first Bilderberg as President of the Netherlands Federation of Trade Unions, and also the 1956 Bilderberg
Frans OttenCercle visitor, possible arms dealer
Pieter OttenDirector of Philips for 22 years
Denis de RougementAttended the first 4 Bilderbergs. Promoted European federalism
Jacques RueffMont Pelerin Society, 1958 and 1959 Bilderberg
Bertrand RussellUK philosopher and pacifist
Paul RykensDutch businessman and friend of Józef Retinger who was initially consulted on the founding of the Bilderberg Group
Altiero SpinelliItalian politician, referred to as one of the founding fathers of the European Union.
Jan TinbergenDutch economist who was awarded the first Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1969
Herbert TingstenSwedish publisher who attended 3 of the first 4 Bilderbergs
André VoisinFrench chemist who attended the first Bilderberg and two others. Died suddenly of a heart attack in Cuba
Paul van ZeelandPre-WW2 Prime Minister of Belgium, 6 Bilderbergs in the 1950s