American Committee on United Europe
|American Committee on United Europe|
|Founder||• Bill Donovan|
• Allen Dulles
|Proves European unity movement was a heavily US-driven project.|
The American Committee on United Europe (ACUE) was an American organization which sought to counter the "Communist threat" in Europe by promoting European political integration. Its first chairman was ex-wartime OSS head, William Joseph Donovan.
The structure of the organisation was outlined in early summer of 1948 by Bill Donovan and Allen Dulles by then also reviewing the organization of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). in response to assistance requests by Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi and Winston Churchill.
A memorandum, later declassified, bearing Donovan's signature and dated dated July 26, 1950 gives instructions for a campaign to promote a fully fledged European parliament. The vice chairman of ACUE was Allen Dulles and the board of ACUE included Walter Bedell Smith. ACUE was an important early funder of both the European Movement and the European Youth Campaign. The ACUE itself received funding from the Rockefeller and Ford foundations.
The U.S. policy was to promote a United States of Europe, and to this end the committee was used to discreetly funnel CIA funds - by the mid 50's ACUE was receiving roughly $1,000,000 USD per year - to European pro-federalists supporting such organizations as the Council of Europe, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the proposed European Defence Community.
- Aldrich, Richard - OSS, CIA and European Unity: The American Committee on Untied Europe 1948-60. Diplomacy & Statecraft. 1st March 1997
- Giles Scott-Smith, Hans Krabbendam, The Cultural Cold War in Western Europe, 1945-1960 p.46, Roosevelt Study Center.