Tuskegee syphilis experiment

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Event.png Tuskegee syphilis experiment (murder,  research) Rdf-icon.png
Participants in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.png
Participants in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Date 1932 - 1972
Planners U.S. Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Interest of Susan Mokotoff Reverby
Description A murderous experiment which looked at the progression of syphilis. Subjects were told that they were being treated, while in fact treatment was denied them. Exposed after 40 years by a whistleblower who went to the press.

Official narrative

The Tuskegee syphilis experiment initially involved 600 black men – 399 with syphilis, 201 who did not have the disease. The Centers for Disease Control stated that the men were told they were being treated for "bad blood", a local term for various illnesses that include syphilis, anemia and fatigue.

The study was conducted without the benefit of patients' informed consent and studied the progression of the disease in the absence of the treatment (penicillin) needed to cure it. In exchange for taking part in the study, the men received free medical exams, free meals, and burial insurance.

History

The study was initially controlled by the U.S. Public Health Service. Although originally projected to last 6 months, it actually went on for 40 years, later being controlled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Exposure

Mindful perhaps of the WHO's 1964 Declaration of Helsinki, in 1966 Peter Buxtun, a PHS venereal-disease investigator sent a letter to the national director of the Division of Venereal Diseases to express his concerns about the ethics and morality of the experiment. The CDC reaffirmed the need to continue the study until completion; i.e., until all subjects had died and been autopsied. The CDC gained support for this position from local chapters of the National Medical Association (representing African-American physicians) and the American Medical Association (AMA).

Frustrated, Buxtun went to the press. The story broke first in the Washington Star on July 25, 1972 and became front-page news in the New York Times the following day.

Legal Action

A class action lawsuit was filed in 1972 by the victims and their families and a $10 Million out of court settlement was reached in 1974.[1]

Public Apology

After actions of Benjamin Payton, US President Bill Clinton publicly apologized on behalf of the federal government to the handful of study survivors in April 1997.[2]



References