1940s

From Wikispooks
Jump to: navigation, search
1930s«  Decade.png 1940s  »1950s Rdf-icon.png
1945.jpg
The allied victory in WWII set the stage for the cold-war.

Hitler in Paris.jpg
1940
Pearl Harbor.jpg
1941
1942 Karelia spy.jpg
1942
Stalingad surrender.png
1943
1944 Liberation of Paris.jpg
1944
1945.jpg
1945
Nuremberg Trials.jpg
1946
CIA.svg
1947
SS Exodus.jpg
1948
NATO.png
1949

World War II was the defining event of the 1940s, just as the Cold War was the defining event of the post-war period, the backdrop against which other events should be understood.

World War II

Full article: Stub class article World War II

World War II killed perhaps 75,000,000 people and devastated many countries. After Japan's Attack on Pearl Harbor ended the USA's neutrality the Japan/Germany axis gradually lost militarily.

Axis defeat

Germany surrendered in 1945, followed later by Japan.

Operation Paperclip

Operation Paperclip.jpg
Full article: Operation Paperclip

Even before WWII had finished, the US Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency had begun Operation Paperclip, a secret project to exfiltrate personnel of interest out of Germany and into the United States. As well as spooks, these included researchers, especially rocket scientists, but anyone who was of use to the US war machine. The surreptitious protection and transportation of sometimes infamous senior Nazis went on for many years over secret 'ratlines'.

Nuremberg Trials

Full article: Nuremberg Trials

Rather than summary execution of perceived leaders of Nazi Germany, in November 1945, the allies convened the Nuremberg Trials to apply a legal process, which was applied to some leading Nazis. This appears to have acted as some kind of leverage over some of those initially cited for trial at Nuremberg, such as Dr. Theodor Benzinger‎, who were exfiltrated to USA under Operation Paperclip.

Cold War

Full article: Cold War
Hiroshima in March 1946, 7 months after the US atomic bombing of the city

The cold war replaced the fear of World War II as the USA and USSR engaged in an arms race to deveop ever more destructive arsenals of WMDs, particularly nuclear weapons.

Nuclear arms race

Full article: Stub class article Nuclear arms race

After the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the dramatic destructive power of nuclear weapons was clear to the world (if not the longer term destructive effects of radiation). The USSR quickly determined to acquire their own nuclear capability, as did the USA's wartime allies UK and France.

Mind control

Full article: Mind control

Starting in 1947, the US Navy's Project CHATTER was the first of a set of attempts at mind control. One part of the projects was about developing ways to force people to disclose secrets, another was about the creation of 'programming' to subject people to another's will, for example, to carry out assassinations. Connections to this project have appeared in subsequent deep events such as the assassination of Robert Kennedy.

 

Related Quotation

PageQuoteAuthor
Parastate“The immediate concern of the United States was Europe, where it appeared that the French and Italian communist parties might be elected to power in 1948. From the beginning of the postwar era, Washington looked for assets and proxy armies of its own to combat the threat perceived from the Soviet Union and China. Some of these proxies like the the nationalist Chinese Kuomintang (KMT) troops in Burma or the Mafia's in Italy and Marseilles soon outgrew their US support to become de facto regional players or parastates, exhibiting some but not all of the properties of states in their own right. From 1945-1947, elements in the US army conspired to maintain contacts with former German anti-communists in Europe and their German army commander, General Reinhard Gehlen. 5 men were involved of whom 3 (William J. Donovan, Allen Dulles and Frank Wisner) were representatives of the Wall St. overworld and also of the New York Social Register which listed the members of New York high society. They were awaiting a new agency to succeed Donovan's Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and take over the Nazi's ethnic armies in Eastern Europe. But the idea of a centralised intelligence agency encountered fierce competitive opposition from the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover who was backed at first by elements of Army intelligence. Although it took 2 years to overcome their opponents, the Wall Street lawyers and bankers in Truman's administration succeeded in 1947 in establishing CIA, which would report to the president through the new National Security Council (NSC). This new agency, based on the precedent and personnel of the OSS had been urged on Washington by the War/Peace studies of the Council of Foreign Relations in the early 1940s. It was reinforced by a report commissioned in 1945 by Navy Secretary James V. Forrestal. The report was written by Ferdinand Eberstadt who like Forrestal was a private Wall Street banker from the investment bank, Dylan Reed. As CIA director Richard Helms narrates in his memoirs Allen Dulles, then a Republican lawyer in Sullivan and Cromwell in New York was recruited in 1946 to draft proposals for the shape and direction what was to become the new CIA. in 1947 Dulles promptly formed an advisory group of 6 men, all but one of whom were Wall St investment bankers or lawyers.”Peter Dale Scott


References