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Concept.png Judge Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges

A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions.

Official Story

The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers or solicitors of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling on the matter at hand based on their interpretation of the law and their own personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury.

Types of judges

The adversarial system or adversary system is a legal system used in the common law countries like the United States, where two advocates represent their parties' case or position before an impartial person or group of people, usually a judge or jury, who attempt to determine the truth and pass judgment accordingly.

In nonadversarial systems of criminal investigation (also known as inquisitorial systems), a judge might also be an examining magistrate. The presiding judge ensures that all court proceedings are lawful and orderly. Inquisitorial systems are used primarily in countries with civil legal systems, such as France and Italy, or legal systems based on Islamic law like Saudi Arabia.


Office Holders on Wikispooks

Christopher Nicholson1 January 1996July 2010
Marie-Anne Tan-De Sonnaville19911991
Marie-Anne Tan-De Sonnaville1985
Joseph Golia19822012
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