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Concept.png Propaganda 
(deception,  fraud,  statecraftPowerbase Saidit SourcewatchRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Interest of• Australian Strategic Policy Institute
• Avisa Partners
• Behavioural Insights Team
• Edward Bernays
• Coalition Information Center
• T. J. Coles
• Committee for the Free World
• First Draft
• Ryan Gawn
• Stephen Jolly
• Robbie Martin
• David Miller
• Mark Crispin Miller
• Netherlands/Deep state
• Paix et Liberté
• Powerbase
• Greg Rowett
• Vivian Schiller
• Signal Group
• Swiss Propaganda Research
• Tavistock Institute
• Pelle Neroth Taylor
• The 77th Brigade
• TruePublica
• Truthstream Media
• Wilton Review

Propaganda is the deceitful use of information, such as deliberate lying (including lying by omission). The word has negative connotations since the 19th century, so Edward Bernays coined a new phrase ("public relations") as a connotation free alternative. Since November 2016, the commercially-controlled media have attempted to spread the meme of "fake news" websites, and suggested that they should be censored.

Britannia arm-in-arm with Uncle Sam symbolizing the British-American alliance in World War I.


Propaganda has been used by war makers for thousands of years.[1] Leaders have long exploited enemy images to inculcate fear or otherwise extend control over subjects. Historically, propaganda has assumed critical importance in times of war, in particular when a casus belli was sought to try to inflame public sentiment when starting a war. Propaganda has been produced on a large scale for around a century - i.e. since the time of WW1. In UK, MI7 was formed to exploit the commercially-controlled media, planting "fake news" to try to rally support against Germany.[2]


Edward Bernays, a widely acknowledged master of propaganda, referred to propaganda as "the invisible government". He rebranded it as "public relations".[3]

Enemy images

Full article: Enemy images

Long running campaigns can be used to create and sustain enemy images that can be used to divide and conquer groups by promoting fear.

Rise in 21st Century

Amir Taheri's smear against the government of Iran

Propaganda in Western Europe seems to have returned to World War Two levels after the roll-back of the state in Europe and the United States. Multinational corporations have taken more and more power, and a complicit commercially-controlled media has become an integral part of that 'power grab' and increasingly ideologically aligned with it. Secrecy has become normal, even with governments no longer seeing themselves as serving the populations that elect and pay for them.

Smith-Mundt Modernization Act of 2012

The Smith-Mundt Act originally did prohibit the use of propaganda, produced for foreign audiences, to be directed at domestic audiences in the United States. With the passing of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 this was changed; originally justified with the explanation that it would help to inform expat communities in the US.[4] Early criticism cited the Department of Defense intention to get rid of the Smith-Mundt Act and other restrictions, "because it prevents information activities designed to prop up unpopular policies—like the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan".[5] Robbie Martin noted that after the ban, the use of foreign news sources funded by the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG) did spike on Vice. He also notes that now many narratives friendly to the US government position first appear at media organizations overseen by the BBG before they become part of mainstream media reporting.[6]

Fake News

Full article: Rated 3/5 “Fake News”

After the 2016 US Presidential Election, in November 2016, the phrase "Fake News" was launched, with the help of commercially-controlled media. Perhaps counter intuitively to Wikispooks' readers, it was not used to describe the output of the corporate media, but instead, used to describe smaller, independent groups, especially websites. One list which has attracted particular attention was a list of 200 websites, including RT, Naked Capitalism, Zero Hedge and Wikispooks. This was published by the spooky ProporNot group, and cited as a source by the Washington Post.



Page nameDescription
"Domestic extremism"
"Fake news website"
"Russian Propaganda"
2008 Counter-Terrorism advertising campaignA UK government program to ramp up fear of "terrorism" that was banned after public complaints.
2016 Brussels Bombing/Media manipulationFalse Belgian media reporting on the Mass murder in Brussels
Ambassador News Service
BBC/PropagandaThe BBC has been a tool of the UK deep state since its foundation in 1922.
British Briefing
British Information ServicesThe New York based information department of the British Consulate in New York
British Satellite NewsA semi covert propaganda operation funded by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office
CENTCOM/Media outreach
Casus belli
Central Office of InformationThe main UK government body dealing with official advertising and publicity
Committee on Public Information
Corporate mediaThe corporate media refers to itself as 'mainstream' in an effort to marginalize so-called "alternative" media. While some instances (e.g. BBC) are not strictly commercial, all the corporate media is hierarchically structured, so a very small number of editors can censor or modify its output.
Defence Online Engagement Strategy
Document:Is Fukushima's nuclear nightmare over? Don’t count on itUpdate on the developing Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear disaster and a good illustration of BBC use of "Experts" to present and give credibility to outrageous falsehoods in support of the "nothing to see here" propaganda of the nuclear industry.
Document:Leaked Karl Rove email
Document:Ukrainian soldiers' organs tradedAn apparent hoax about hacked correspondence between Donbass Battalion commander, Yulia Tymoshenko's lawyer and a German medical practitioner evidencing a burgeoning trade in the organs of Ukrainian soldiers
Dodgy Dossier
EXPOSE NetworkA proposed multi-million pound consortium to "counter disinformation". Eposed in the 7th tranche of documents in the Integrity Initiative leak. The UK government declined to fund it.
"Fact checking"
File:Carter-Ruck Syria Report.pdfA text-book example of the how and why of demonising one's enemies. A widely reported shock-horror document is 'leaked' just prior to a conference, the outcome of which is regarded as crucial to Western global policy interests.
File:Report on Terrorism 2014.pdfA summary of global "terrorism" in 2014.
Hit piece
Information DepartmentA successor to the Overseas Information Department of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Institute for Statecraft/Activities
Islamic Media UnitResponsible for managing news about British foreign policy in the UK
Islamic News/Jehad is Crap!
London Radio ServiceA semi covert propaganda run by the British government's Central Office of Information for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Nayirah al-ṢabaḥA spectacular and effective stunt in a $10 million propaganda campaign orchestrated by the Kuwaiti government, which may well have swung the balance in what was a close congressional vote on the use of the US military against the Iraqi invasion.
News DepartmentResponsible for managing news about British foreign policy in the UK
NewsGuardA tech company which is teaming up with Microsoft as regards "fake news"
NieuwsuurA state-funded TV program that replaced several award-winning current affairs programs that were "too biased"...meaning not following the official narrative.
Omnibus magazine
Operation MockingbirdOperation Mockingbird is a CIA covert operation that began in the 1950s and is a continuing manipulation and control of the media by the CIA.
Operation NicoleA tabletop exercise "based on a realistic counter terrorism incident... specifically developed for Muslim communities".
Overseas News Agency
Public Diplomacy DepartmentA successor to the Information Department of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Public Diplomacy Group
Public Diplomacy Policy Department
Radio Free Europe
... further results


Related Quotations

"Countering disinformation"“the counter-disinformation space as a whole [in Georgia] is slightly less evolved than in other regions, still being largely though not exclusively focused on fact-checking, which might be termed counter-disinformation 1.0.”June 2018
"Countering disinformation"“Another barrier to combating disinformation is the fact that certain Kremlin-backed narratives are factually true. For example, the Serbian organisation European Western Balkans noted that one of the country's most prominent pro-Kremlin narratives relates to Russia's ongoing support for Belgrade in the Kosovo dispute which is true. Responding to inconvenient truths, as opposed to pure propaganda, is naturally more problematic.”June 2018
"Fake News"“In the article, the [Washington] Post blurred the lines between “fake news” – stories that are simply made up – and what was deemed “propaganda,” in effect, information that didn’t jibe with what the U.S. State Department was saying.”Robert Parry28 February 2017
"Iraq/WMD"“Every war when it comes, or before it comes, is represented not as a war but as an act of self-defense against a homicidal maniac.”George Orwell
William Casey“We'll know our disinformation program is complete when everything the American public believes is false”William CaseyFebruary 1981
Corporate media/Mendacity“Early in life I have noticed that no event is ever correctly reported in a newspaper.”George Orwell1943
Cult“The language of the totalist environment is characterized by the thought-terminating cliché. The most far-reaching and complex of human problems are compressed into brief, highly selective, definitive-sounding phrases, easily memorized and easily expressed. They become the start and finish of any ideological analysis.”Robert J. Lifton1961
Georgia“Conspiracy theories are also widespread. For example, a prominent narrative has been that the Lugar Center, a biological research laboratory in Tbilisi built with US assistance, is developing viruses to destroy Georgian genes.”June 2018
Government“The most dangerous man to any government is the man who is able to think things out for himself, without regard to the prevailing superstitions and taboos. Almost inevitably he comes to the conclusion that the government he lives under is dishonest, insane, and intolerable...”Henry L. Mencken
Institute for Statecraft/Projection

“Information war” (informatsionnaya voyna)

There is a clear distinction between the Russian definition: an all-encompassing, and not limited to wartime and the Western one: limited, tactical information operations carried out during hostilities.

Russian approach is much broader than simply sowing lies and denial, for instance maintaining that Russian troops and equipment are not where they plainly are.

Russian state and non-state actors have exploited history, culture, language, nationalism and more to carry out cyber-enhanced disinformation campaigns with much wider objectives.

Russian aims to extract, exfiltrate, manipulate, distort, or insert information, or just isolate a target from sources of information other than Russian ones.”
Integrity Initiative
Internet/CensorshipTerrorist propaganda online has a direct impact on the radicalisation of individuals and we work closely with the internet industry to remove terrorist material hosted in the UK or overseas.”James Brokenshire2014
Refugees International“If I’m reading in the newspaper about a crisis somewhere in the world, it is of great consolation to me to know that, if not at this moment, then very soon I will be hearing from Refugees International about how we should think about the crisis and more importantly what we should do about it.””Samantha Power
Claire Sterling“The Judith Miller-like journalist in those days who spun the story about Agca's Soviet Bloc connections was Claire Sterling, whose disinformation was quickly picked up by The Reader's Digest, New York Times, NBC News, and other mainstream media outlets.”Claire Sterling
Wayne Madsen
28 May 2007


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:25 Rules of Disinformationessay28 May 2011H. Michael SweeneyRules covering most of the tactics and stratagems employed by disinformation artists to promote official narratives and counter information and arguments that expose them as fraudulent.
Document:5 July Seminar; Potential guest list for discussionspooky seminar invitation list26 February 2016Integrity InitiativeSeminar with a mix of media, academics and lots of spooks
Document:Ampiric Myopiaarticle28 April 2014Edmund DalpeAn examination of unfolding events in Ukraine and the role of the media, informed by the philosophical approach of Linguistic determinism
Document:Architecture of Modern Propagandawebpage20 August 2011Zahir Ebrahim
Document:Avisa Partners Presentationcompany presentationJune 2016Avisa PartnersThis is very revealing but more official presentation of the company's influence work. Compare with the dirty tricks in Document:Combatting Russian Disinformation
Document:Bid for MoD Funding 2017-2018project proposal14 March 2017Integrity Initiative"Creation of a Europe-wide network of groups who understand the danger of Russian active measures and who can pass the message on to their own decision-makers and public, often using material which we initiate"
Document:Cabinet Publicity Committeebook extract1994David Miller
Document:Chief of Defence Intelligence at RUSI 180518speech summary24 May 2018Euan GrantThere need to be exponential growths in information operations [..] and in cooperation with offensive cyber ops.
Document:Chris Donnelly Paris Brussels May 2016 v2report13 December 2018Chris DonnellyChris Donnelly talks to his French II connections. "They think our main target needs to be the parts of the political class and the security structures 'where the rot is'"... "As an independent NGO we can do things they can’t do and national governments can’t do"
Document:Combatting Russian DisinformationreportJune 2016Avisa PartnersA truly astonishing II document, with a lot of dirty methods. It is written by an established covert French propaganda network, spreading more than a 1000 stories a month, offering to work for II. "our ability to publish articles across hundreds of credible media outlets means that any campaign we undertake will have far more sway than the content published only on state-sponsored outlets RT and Sputnik, and their local few allies."
Document:Deception and distraction strategies relating to the John F Kennedy Assassinationarticle2017Garrick Alder
Document:Elites Link Anti-Government Thought to Mental Illnesswebpage11 March 2016Daily Bell Staff
Document:Filtering Sources On The Syrian Wararticle4 February 2014David EdwardsA cogent demonstration of the gross bias of the mainstream media in its coverage of the ongoing 2011 Syrian insurgency. It shows that they are immune to any lessons of their similarly mendacious reporting both before and during the 2003 Iraq war
Document:Hijacking the word 'Islam' for Mantra Creationwebpage31 May 2009Zahir Ebrahim
Document:Ideas for Ramping up IfS Contributions to the Causestrategy document16 March 2018Victor MadeiraOutline of the Ifs-parts of a big covert propaganda campaign to synchronize and spread the British narrative ('the Cause') in the Skripal case.
Document:Institute for Statecraft project on Russian influence - Impact as at 19 04 2016report19 April 2016Chris DonnellyA list of stories II has planted in media per April 2016, some openly, some secretly, like "Trolls on the Kremlin Payroll"; plus a number of youtube lectures with a lacklustre number of unique views.
Document:Integrity Francereport25 June 2018Integrity Initiativea partial list of II-France members. For complete list, see Integrity Initiative/Cluster/France
Document:Integrity Initiative Budget for the 12 months ending 31 March 2019Budget and activity plan2 November 2018Integrity InitiativeBudget outlining how Integrity Initiative is going to control the information space, and influence policy-makers, specialists and media.
Document:Is media just another word for control?audio transcript2 January 2014John PilgerThis is a transcript of John Pilger's contribution to a special edition of BBC Radio 4's 'Today' programme, on 2 January 2014, guest-edited by the artist and musician Polly Harvey.
Document:Korea and the "Axis of Evil"article2002Brian Willson
Document:Leaked Karl Rove emailemail27 August 2011Karl Rove
Document:Manufacturing Dissentarticle1 June 2008Zahir Ebrahim
Document:NATO’s new Cold War runs into trouble in Germanyarticle2 May 2014Christoph GermannEvidence of a substantial and growing disconnect between the German establishment and its population. The official narrative of an agressive expansionist Russia is being comprehensively rejected and it spells trouble for NATO
Document:Northern Ireland Information Service - Planting Storiesbook extract1994David Miller
Document:Overthrow Incarticle6 August 2009Stephen Gowans
Document:Politics and the English Languageessay1946George Orwell
Document:Real Lives - Extract from Don't Mention the Warbook extract1994David Miller
Document:Russia, Novichok and the long tradition of British government misinformationarticle12 April 2018David Miller
Document:Russian Lies and the Skripal Casestrategy document10 March 2018Chris Donnelly
II document describing the backstory to the British narrative of the Sergei Skripal incident
Document:Social Media as a vector for propagandapaper26 December 2018Integrity Initiative
Document:Staged ISIS Videos Exemplify Fake Newsarticle7 September 2014Jay DyerISIS and the methodology, motivations and people behind the production and stage management of FAKE NEWS
Document:Terrorism as Seen From Washingtonarticle5 May 2014Thierry MeyssanA brief expose of the US Annual Report on Terrorism in the world as the propaganda.
Document:The British Media and Gibraltarbook extract1994David Miller
Document:The Committeebook extract1994David Miller
Document:The Dominant Grand Narrative Of Our Timearticle27 January 2014David CromwellMainstream media spokesmen, journalists and reporters are corralled into supporting and promoting the Establishment 'Dominant Grand-Narrative of our Time' while most appear blissfully unaware of the gross deceptions their careers are harnessed too - 'a man cannot see what his livelihood requires him NOT to see' - as the saying goes
Document:The Integrity Initiative Guide to Countering Russian Disinformationanalysis2 November 2018Integrity InitiativeA guide to Russian disinformation, an ideological prep guide for dedicated II operatives
Document:The Network of Networksanalysis30 May 18 JLChris DonnellyA handbook for Integrity Initiative activities, including starting clusters
Document:The Propaganda Modelarticle5 October 2011David CromwellAn overview of the 'Propaganda Model' that accurately defines the nature of the western mainstream media. It also illustrates why "Commercially Controlled Media" is probably a better and more accurate term
Document:The Propaganda Multipliermedia analysis2016Swiss Propaganda Research
Document:The Russian Party in FrancereportJune 2016Françoise ThomEveryone in France not following the strict pro-American NATO-line is a "linchpin of the Russian networks" because "we are dealing with a strategy of pre-conquest."
Document:The Weaponisation of Informationarticle9 August 2007SATS
Document:Towards the End of US Propagandaarticle21 April 2014Thierry MeyssanAn analysis of Anglo-US propaganda techniques from their post-WWI origins to the absurdities of their explanations about the 2014 Ukraine coup and it aftermath. It's author opines that its days are numbered
Document:Visit of Ukrainian Reserve Officers DraftWikispooks Page13 December 2018Integrity InitiativeBritish forces are interested in what Ukrainian colleagues have to say (including what seems to be some tall tales from a Roman Myhailyk)
File:Hotel Rwanda.pdfreport1 November 2007Keith Harmon-Snow
File:ISAF-Spokesperson.pdfpresentation17 September 2012ISAF Staff
File:Persona-Management-Contract.pdfofficial document22 June 2010US Air ForceA USAF 'specification and invitation to supply' for 'persona management software'
File:Propaganda.pdfbook1928Edward BernaysA seminal work on the systematic manipulation of public opinion.
File:US Psychological Warfare in Ukraine Targeting Online Independent Media Coverage.pdfarticle20 March 2015George EliasonCyberwarfare operations are getting targeted at anyone.