George Orwell

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Person.png George Orwell   Amazon NNDB SourcewatchRdf-icon.png
(author, journalist)
GeorgeOrwell.jpg
Born Eric Arthur Blair
1903-06-25
Motihari, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died 1950-01-21 (Age 46)
University College Hospital, London, England
Cause of death
tuberculosis
Resting place
Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire, England
Nationality English
Citizenship UK
Alma mater Eton College
Children Richard Horatio Blair
Spouse • Eileen O'Shaughnessy
• Sonia Brownell
Founder of Memory hole, Orwellian language
“No government, no big organization, will pay for the truth. To take a crude example: can you imagine the British Government commissioning E. M. Forster to write A Passage to India? He could only write it because he was not dependent on State aid.”
George Orwell (13 October 1944)  - [1]

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950),[2] known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and commitment to democratic socialism.[3][4]

“[A] world in which it is wrong to murder an individual civilian and right to drop a thousand tons of high explosive on a residential area does sometimes make me wonder whether this earth of ours is not a loony bin made use of by some other planet.”
George Orwell (31 December 1943)  - [5]

Commonly ranked as one of the most influential English writers of the 20th century and as one of the most important chroniclers of English culture of his generation,[6] Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction and polemical journalism. He is best known for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) and the allegorical novella Animal Farm (1945). His book Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences in the Spanish Civil War, is widely acclaimed, as are his numerous essays on politics, literature, language, and culture. In 2008, The Times ranked him second on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".[7]

Orwell's work continues to influence popular and political culture, and the term Orwellian — descriptive of totalitarian or authoritarian social practices — has entered the language together with several of his neologisms, including cold war, Big Brother, thought police, Room 101, doublethink, newspeak and thoughtcrime.[8]

Publications

George Orwell published many popular novels.

Nineteen Eighty-Four

Nineteen Eighty-Four may be widely considered pre-eminent amongst Orwell's books. Completed in 1948, it was published in June 1949. Perhaps remarkably for such a pessimistic book, it received immediate critical and popular acclaim. The central character, Winston Smith, works in the Ministry of Truth, censoring pieces of history. While charting his failed efforts at resistance, the novel paints a dystopian picture of a totalitarian future in which a tiny elite pursue (the party) pursue a policy of perpetual war and mass surveillance while seeking to exert an ever tighter control over the minds of the proletariat ("the proles").

Orwell right.jpg
“The primary aim of modern warfare is to use up the products of the machine without raising the general standard of living.”
George Orwell - [9]

One of the central themes is the use of propagandistic language. The book is full of new words (newspeak), which are used to shape the opinions of the proles.

Death

In December 1947 Orwell was diagnosed with tuberculosis. On 21 January 1950, an artery burst in his lungs, killing him at age 46.

 

Documents by George Orwell

TitleDocument typePublication dateSubject(s)Description
Document:Politics and the English Languageessay1946Propaganda
Language
File:1984.pdfbook1949Surveillance State
The Great Game
Totalitarianism
George Orwell's classic and prescient 1949 dystopian novel about total surveillance in "Oceania", one of the world's then three warring power blocks.
File:Animal Farm.pdfbookRussian Revolution
Fascism
A famous allegorical novel about the corruption of revolutionaries and subversion of revolutions.
 

Quotes by George Orwell

PageQuoteDateSource
Corporate media/Mendacity“Early in life I have noticed that no event is ever correctly reported in a newspaper.”1943Looking Back on the Spanish War
Freedom of speech“Take away freedom of speech, and the creative faculties dry up.”28 April 1944The Tribune
War“The primary aim of modern warfare is to use up the products of the machine without raising the general standard of living.”Nineteen Eighty-Four
 

Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
File:GeorgeOrwellSpecialBranchFile.pdfPolice fileJuly 2012UK Special BranchThe UK Metropolitan Police Special Branch file on Eric Arthur Blair (George Orwell)


References

  1. The Tribune
  2. "George Orwell". UCL Orwell Archives. Retrieved 7 November 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Why I Write" in The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell Volume 1 – An Age Like This 1945–1950 p.23 (Penguin)
  4. Orwell, George (1968) [1958]. Bott, George, ed. Selected Writings. London: Heinemann. p. 103. ISBN 0-435-13675-5. Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism, as I understand it. [italics from printed source]<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. As I please Tribune
  6. "Still the Moon Under Water". The Economist. London. 28 July 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". The Times. 5 January 2008. Retrieved 7 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Robert McCrum, The Observer, 10 May 2009
  9. 1984
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