| "Fake News" |
• Brian Gerrish|
• Poynter Institute
• UK Column
|"Fake news website" is a meme started after the 2016 US election, to disparage websites that dissent from the opinions expressed by commercially-controlled media.|
The term "Fake news", like the term "conspiracy theory", is a modern label of disdain, more or less equivalent to what used to be called "propaganda". It was introduced in November 2016, in the phrase "Fake News Website", and subsequently linked to discussion of internet censorship. However, the shorter phrase "fake news" caught on, becoming Macquarie Dictionary's "word[sic.] of the year" for 2016.
On 15 November 2016, one week after the 2016 US presidential election, Wikipedia User:jfhutson started a page entitled "Fake news website". Many commercially-controlled media outlets also started to echo the idea that the internet was full or Russian propaganda, and that this had influenced the outcome of the election. They have lead to calls that information on the internet should be checked for validity by expert "fact checkers", to avoid misleading people. The shorter phrase "fake news" caught on as a popular insult. A Wikipedia page for "fake news" was created on 15 January 2017. In an article which applying the phrase in the context of KGB cold war propaganda, the BBC admitted (on the 1st April, 2017) that "the term fake news has taken on many meanings."
Who will fact check the fact checkers?... Apparently, dissent from the establishment's self-styled "fact checkers" will not be tolerated. The "fake news" meme appears to be being used by corporate media to try to discredit any sources who express dissenting opinions. Global Research, targeted as a "fake news" outlet, made the counterclaim that the New York Times was the "world leader in proliferating fake news".
“In the article, the [Washington] Post blurred the lines between “fake news” – stories that are simply made up – and what was deemed “propaganda,” in effect, information that didn’t jibe with what the U.S. State Department was saying.”
Robet Parry (February 28, 2017) — 
On December 29, 2016, Glen Greenwald accused The Guardian of "recklessly attribut[ing] to Assange comments that he did not make" that "those who most flamboyantly denounce Fake News, and want Facebook and other tech giants to suppress content in the name of combating it, are often the most aggressive and self-serving perpetrators of it."
Usage by corporate media
While the BBC admits that "fake news" includes war propaganda created by MI7 a century ago, it continues to report as if the problem is a recent one, or at least, one that recently became acute. In January 2017, for example, an article asserted that "deliberate lies [have] been energised by the viral power of social media". Facebook and Google announced in November 2016 that they would take steps to address the issue.
Usage against corporate media
Deep political significance
Wikispooks was included on Propornot's list of 200 Russian propaganda outlets cited by a Washington Post article published under the name of journalist Craig Timberg. The article uncritically echoed the claims of this anonymous group, which stated on its website that it was "an independent team of concerned American citizens". It was widely criticised online, prompting not a retraction, but the addition of a disclaimer by the Washington Post.
On 8 December 2016, Barack Obama signed the NDAA 2017 into law, which purported to legalize broad internet censorship. 21st Century Wire summarized the act by stating that “long before “fake news” became a major media topic, the US government was already planning its legally-backed crackdown on anything it would eventually label “fake news".”
In California in March 2017 law which the EFF wryly observed was "a censorship bill so obviously unconstitutional, we had to double check that it was real" was proposed to make it a crime to distribute fake news over the world wide web.
Research is ongoing into strategies to "vaccinate" people against "Fake News".
Sites such as Facebook have been introducing software to "fact check" information posted in 2017. Their mechanisms are unknown, but they may be presumed to involve keyword matching and data mining rather than a proper semantic analysis. Some computer scientists reportedly hoped that AI would be able to detect and automatically flag up "Fake News", although the problem is proving harder than initially suspected.
Suspending April Fools Day
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|Freedom of speech||“Being right doesn’t entitle you to censor everyone who is wrong. That’s the central safeguard against tyranny, because even truth would be a tyranny if it didn’t allow opposition. Free speech – real free speech – has to include the right to be wrong, rude, stupid, offensive and a lying jerk. Because once you outlaw any of that – you’ve effectively ended free speech for all of us forever.”||'Catte'||26 February 2017|
|Description||"Fake news website" is a meme started after the 2016 US election, to disparage websites that dissent from the opinions expressed by commercially-controlled media. +|
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|Display image||File:Fake News.jpg +|
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|Has fullPageNamee||Fake_News +|
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|Has revisionUser||Robin +|
|Has wikipediaPage||https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fake_news_website&oldid=749709748 +|
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"Has subobject" is a predefined property representing a container construct that allows to accumulate property-value assignments similar to that of a normal wiki page.
|Fake News + and Fake News +|