Italy/Deep state

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Group.png Italy/Deep state
(Deep state)Rdf-icon.png
Headquarters Rome, Italy
The Italian deep state, post-WW II, centered on the Operation Gladio network run through NATO and heavily influenced by the CIA and MI6.

See also the Ancient Roman Deep state

The Italian Deep state appears to have been centered on the Propaganda Due (P-2) masonic lodge, run by Licio Gelli, which was set up at the end of WWII under the rubric of Operation Gladio. Oswald LeWinter describes it as a "wholly owned subsidiary of the company [i.e. the CIA] in Italy".

Organisation

Licio Gelli was an Italian deep politician who ran P-2 for many years.

Activities

The Italian deep state used a range of tactics to prevent the electoral success of the Italian left, in particular of the Italian communist party.

Years of Lead

Full article: Stub class article Years of Lead

The English phrase "Strategy of Tension" is a direct translation of the Italian. This strategy was carried out during the "Years of Lead", which saw bombings and assassinations carried out by Operation Gladio but which were attributed to "communist terrorists" such as the Brigade Rossi.

Exposure

Operation Gladio was dramatically on [When?] exposed by the Prime Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti, following investigations carried out by Felice Casson.

 

Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Gladio - The Secret U.S. War To Subvert Italian Democracyessay23 February 1996Arthur E. Rowse


References

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