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Group.png Italy   Sourcewatch WikiquoteRdf-icon.png
Flag of Italy.svg
Capital cityRome
LeaderPresident of Italy
Sergio Mattarella.jpg
Incumbent: Sergio Mattarella
Since 3 February 2015
Typenation state
Subgroups• Servizio Informazioni Difesa
• Servizio Informazioni Forze Armate
Interest ofBilderberg/1993, Emanuele Ottolenghi
Member ofG-20, Global Counter Terrorism Forum, NATO, OECD
SubpageItaly/Ambassador to USA
Italy/Deep state
Italy/Foreign minister
Italy/Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
Italy/Minister of Finance
Italy/Minister of Foreign Affairs
Italy/Minister of Health
Italy/Minister of Trade and Industry

Italy is a nation state in Southern Europe. Its capital city, Rome, contains the Vatican city. After CIA intervention in 1947 to try to prevent the electoral success of the communist party it proved politically unstable. A swathe of bombings from the late 1960s was later shown to be part of a NATO-backed program of propaganda and social destabilisation, exposed in the 1980s. The project had different names in different countries, but the Italian name "Operation Gladio" has come to describe the whole project.


Full article: Operation Gladio

Italy was the first country in which the CIA carried out covert actions. In 1947, Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter signed a document NSC 4-A, authorising covert intervention in the elections to prevent a communist victory. This began a decades long campaign by the CIA to try to prevent a communist government from taking power.

Years of Lead

Full article: Stub class article Years of Lead

The Years of Lead were a decades long strategy of tension carried out against the Italian population. They were marked by assassinations and false flag attacks and the gradual exposure of Operation Gladio.

False flag bombings

The Peteano Attack was a false flag attack carried out in 1972 by Vincenzo Vinciguerra (a fascist), but blamed at the time on communist "terrorists". This began a NATO backed "strategy of tension" against the Italian people. After hundreds of people were murdered by false flag bombings such as the Bologna massacre, the level of interest was such that the secret stay-behind network, Operation Gladio was exposed.

Aldo Moro

In 1978, former Italian Prime Minister, Aldo Moro was kidnapped and murdered by the Brigate Rosse (Red Brigades). Like the Peteano attack, the possibility that this could have been a false flag attack was initially not taken seriously, although after the exposure of Gladio, it now is. Culpability is still being debated.


Italy was where the truth about Operation Gladio finally emerged (which is why the Europewide network has an Italian name). Italy was one of only 3 members of the European Union which complied with the European Parliament's directive to investigate Operation Gladio.[1]

Bearer bonds

Full article: Bearer bond
A 1 Billion Dollar gold Bearer bond

Extremely large amounts of Bearer bonds (in extremely large denominations) have turned up on the Swiss border, such as the June 2009 seizure of US$ 134.5 billion worth. Reports disagree as to whether the bonds were real or fake, but those caught importing hem into Switzerland appear to have been released with charge.[2][3][4]

"War on Terror"

Full article: Rated 4/5 “War on Terror”

In 2015, six people were convicted of anti-semitism in Italy, under 1993 "race hatred" laws, in the wake of Charlie Hebdo.[5]

Arms Production

Italy was the #8 nation worldwide as regards arms exports from 2012-2016.[6]


An event carried out

2011 Attacks on LibyaLibyaA premeditated act of aggression that was carried out under a pretext of "humanitarian intervention".


Ambassadors to Italy

Nation stateStartDescription
Ambassador to Italy
UK/Ambassador to Italy1861
US/Ambassador to Italy1840


Nation state

Nation state
Vatican City



Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870
Bilderberg/1957 October
Bilderberg/2018The 66th Bilderberg Meeting, in Turin, Italy, known for months in advance after an unprecedented leak by the Serbian government.
Bologna bombingA murderous attack on the Italian public, carried out by the MI6/CIA led Operation Gladio, blamed on communists, as part of a wider program to prevent their electoral success in Italy.
Borghese coupA failed coup d'etat
Identity Crisis: Can European civilization survive conference
Le Cercle/1968 (Rome)Precise dates uncertain
Peteano bombingA suicide bomb attack which lured 3 carabinieri to their deaths with a booby trapped car bomb. The cover up of this murder - and its later uncovering by Italian judge Felice Casson was a major event in the exposure of Operation Gladio.
Piazza Fontana bombingAn act of terrorism carried out by NATO backed groups to try prevent the electoral success of the Italian communist party.
Piazza della Loggia bombing


Groups Headquartered Here

A Group Headquartered HereDescription
Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza Esterna
Ambrosetti Club
Banca Nazionale del Lavoro
Bank of Italy
Ca' Foscari University of Venice
European University of Rome
Italy/Deep stateThe Italian deep state, post-WW II, centered on the Operation Gladio network run through NATO and heavily influenced by the CIA and MI6.
Italy–USA Foundation
NATO/Defense College
Operation GladioSecret for over 40 years, Gladio is a NATO-backed network of armed soldiers inside the nations of Europe outside effective control of national governments. Ostensibly intended for use only in case of a Soviet invasion, Gladio carried out a string of false flag terror attacks. In 1990, the European parliament asked all member states to launch investigations, but only 5 national governments did so.
Opus Dei
Sapienza University of Rome
University of Parma
World Food Programme


Citizens of Italy on Wikispooks

Gianni Agnelli12 March 192124 January 2003Attended the Bilderberg 37 times.
Umberto Agnelli1 November 193427 May 2004
Alberto Alesina29 April 1957
Giovanni Allavena
Renato Altissimo4 October 194017 April 2015
Alfredo AmbrosettiJune 19316 times Bilderberg visitor
Giorgio Ambrosoli17 October 193311 July 1979An Italian lawyer assassinated while investigating Michele Sindona.
Nino Andreatta11 August 192826 March 2007
Tima Anselmi25 March 19271 November 2016
Enrico Anzilotti
Carlos Aritario
Paolo Baffi5 August 19114 August 1989
Luigi Barzini21 December 190830 March 1984
Piero Bassetti20 December 1928
Gianfranco BattelliSISMI Director on 9-11, who reports that he refused to cooperate in kidnapping terrorist suspects for the CIA.
Rodolfo de Bendetti2 July 1961
Carlo De Benedetti14 November 1934
Franco Bernabè18 September 1948
Gilberto Bernardini28 August 19064 August 1995
Tarcisio Bertone2 December 1934
Enzo Bettiza7 July 192728 July 2017
Emma Bonino9 March 1948
Valerio Borghese6 June 190626 August 1974
Ferrucio de Bortoli20 May 1953
Umberto Broccoli
Manlio Brosio10 July 189714 March 1980The last Secretary General of NATO who was appointed before he attended the Bilderberg.
Raffaele Cafiero
Luigi Calabresi14 November 193717 May 1972
Luigi Caligaris
Roberto Calvi13 April 192017 June 1982An Italian banker dubbed "God's Banker" (Italian: Banchiere di Dio) by the press because of his close association with the Holy See. Found death, hanging from a bridge in London.
Giampiero Cantoni10 February 19399 May 2012
Lucio Caracciolo7 February 1954
Giovanni Carlo
Luciano Carta31 January 1957
Mario Casardi1 April 1915
Felice Casson5 August 1953
Elena Cattaneo22 October 1962
Luigi Cavalchini
Paolo Pansa CedronioDeputy NATO Secretary General
Vittorino Chiusano27 February 192517 April 2018
Carlo Ciampi9 December 192016 September 2016
Francesco Cingano
Innocenzo Cipolletta
Vittorio Colao3 October 1961
Umberto Colombo192713 May 2006
Enrico Tommaso Cucchiani20 February 1950
Federico Umberto D'Amato19191 July 1996
Roberto Ducci8 February 19149 March 19856 times Bilderberg visitor
Luigi Einaudi24 March 187430 October 1961
John Elkann1 April 1976
... further results


Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Italy 1947-1948book extract2003William Blum