South African Reserve Bank

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Group.png South African Reserve Bank  
(Central bank)
SARB.jpg
Type • commercial
• bank
Headquarters Pretoria, South Africa
Leader Governor of the South African Reserve Bank
Website http://www.reservebank.co.za
The privately owned central bank of South Africa

The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) is the central bank of South Africa. It was established in 1921 after the Parliament of South Africa enacted the "Currency and Bank Act of 10 August 1920," as a direct result of the abnormal monetary and financial conditions which World War I had brought. The SARB was only the fourth central bank established outside the United Kingdom and Europe, the others being the USA, Japan and Java. Unlike the Bank of England, on which it is modeled, the SARB is privately owned.[1]

According to whistleblower Stephen Goodson (a former SARB director):

300 tonnes of gold valued at over R300 billion was stolen from the SARB, with the help of insiders as part of a bigger looting exercise valued at a massive R2.25 trillion.
A third of our foreign currency reserves are looked after by a single bank: JP Morgan, a bank whose reputation for skulduggery goes sickeningly deep.
90% of our gold reserves are kept at the Bank of England.[2]
Human blood dripping from the cargo hold of the CIA's Western Global Airlines N545JN, which touched down in Harare in February 2016 on a "diplomatic shipment" for the South African Reserve Bank (i.e. 67 tons of cash). The man was reported to be a stowaway who died from lack of oxygen.[3]

Western Global Airlines N545JN

Full article: Rated 5/5 Western Global Airlines N545JN

On 13 February 2016, a plane flew 67 tonnes of new South African banknotes from Munich, Germany. The SARB clarified: "The bulk of the annual production of banknotes is done locally in South Africa and a small percentage is done offshore as part of the contingency plans of the SARB. The aircraft currently detained at Harare Airport is carrying a consignment of South African banknotes that was produced overseas as part of the SARB's annual production plan."

The flight came to light after a dead black man was discovered by ground staff who were suspicious about blood stains on the side of the plane, and the plane was impounded. The following day, the SA Reserve Bank issued what was described as "a tersely worded statement" stating the central bank was looking forward to receiving its precious consignment.[4]

The Zimbabwean police stated that an autopsy revealed that he had no signs of injury and appeared to have died of lack of oxygen having boarded the plane in Munich.[5] However, sources suggest that the body was in an advanced state of decomposition,[6] while Daniel Hopsicker reports that "the partially-severed arm of a dead man drips blood down the fuselage."[7]

Bank Ownership

The Reserve Bank is privately owned, with 2,000,000 issued shares. The only limitation on shareholding is that no single shareholder may own more than 10,000 shares individually. Currently there are more than 660 shareholders owning shares in the South African Reserve Bank.

Shareholders are entitled a dividend of not more than 10 South African cents per share per annum (the total maximum dividend is therefore 200,000 South African Rand or a maximum of 1,000 South African Rand for any individual shareholder), with the remaining profits being paid to the South African government.[8]

List of SARB Governors

  • William Henry Clegg – December 1920 – December 1931
  • Johannes Postmus – January 1932 – June 1945
  • Michiel Hendrik de Kock – July 1945 – June 1962
  • Gerhard Rissik – July 1962 – June 1967
  • Theunis Willem de Jongh – July 1967 – December 1980
  • Gerhardus Petrus Christiaan de Kock – January 1981 – August 1989
  • Christian Lodewyk Stals – August 1989 – August 1999
  • Tito Mboweni – August 1999 – November 2009
  • Gill Marcus – November 2009 – November 2014
  • Lesetja Kganyago – November 2014 – present

 

Quotes by South African Reserve Bank

PageQuoteDateSource
Central bank“The bulk of the annual production of banknotes is done locally in South Africa and a small percentage is done offshore as part of the contingency plans of the SARB. The aircraft currently detained at Harare Airport is carrying a consignment of South African banknotes that was produced overseas as part of the SARB's annual production plan.”
Western Global Airlines N545JN“The bulk of the annual production of banknotes is done locally in South Africa and a small percentage is done offshore as part of the contingency plans of the SARB. The aircraft currently detained at Harare Airport is carrying a consignment of South African banknotes that was produced overseas as part of the SARB's annual production plan.”16 February 2016South African Government News Agency
 

Related Document

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TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
How Mandela sold out blacksopen letter17 July 2012YoungsterBitter criticism of Nelson Mandela for capitulating to the apartheid regime and for failing to ensure that South Africa's mines, banks and minerals were "transferred to the ownership of the people as a whole" as required by the Freedom Charter.


References

  1. "South African Reserve Bank - Ownership". 
  2. "Insiders Looted Gold Worth $200bn from South African Reserve Bank"
  3. http://www.stuff.co.nz/world/africa/76923538/us-western-global-airlines-plane-impounded-in-zimbabwe-after-body-cash-found
  4. http://www.iol.co.za/news/africa/cargo-aircraft-released-but-questions-remain-1987403
  5. http://avherald.com/h?article=49409531
  6. http://www.herald.co.zw/a-plane-r60bn-and-a-dead-man/
  7. http://www.madcowprod.com/2016/02/22/dripping-blood-a-severed-arm-67-tons-of-cash-on-a-cia-plane/#more-11220
  8. "South Africa Reserve Bank - Reserve Bank Shares".