Trevor Manuel

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Person.png Trevor Manuel  Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Trevor Manuel, IMF 62PH030922AAH.jpg
Born31 January 1956
Cape Town
NationalitySouth African
Alma materHarold Cressy High School, Peninsula Technikon
Spouse • Lynne Matthew
• Maria Ramos
Member ofWEF/Global Leaders for Tomorrow/1994
World Economic Forum Global Leader for Tomorrow 1994. South African Minister of Finance from 1996 to 2009. Married to bankster Maria Ramos, a WEF Leader 1998. In April 2020 he was appointed an African Union Special Envoy on Covid-19.

Employment.png African Union Special Envoy on Covid-19

In office
12 April 2020 - Present
Appointed byCyril Ramaphosa

Trevor Andrew Manuel is a South African politician who served in the government of South Africa as Minister of Finance from 1996 to 2009, during the presidencies of Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki and Kgalema Motlanthe, and subsequently as Minister in the Presidency for the National Planning Commission from 2009 to 2014 under former President Jacob Zuma.[1]

He was chosen a Global Leader for Tomorrow in 1994 by the World Economic Forum (WEF). He is married to bankster Maria Ramos, a Global Leader 1998. In April 2020 he was appointed an African Union Special Envoy on Covid-19, handing out loans and deferred payments in exchange for the counties implementing ('respond swiftly to') the wanted Covid policies lockdowns, vaccination targets etc.[2] The leftwing party Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) criticized this appointment, alleging that he was a 'puppet' of 'white monopoly capital'.

Early life

Trevor Manuel was born in Kensington (Cape Town), during the apartheid era and was classified as a Cape Coloured. His mother, Philma van Söhnen, was a garment factory worker, and his father, Abraham James Manuel, was a draughtsman.[3][4] According to Manuel's "family legend", his great-grandfather was a Portuguese immigrant; he had married an indigenous woman.

Manuel grew up and was educated in the city. He matriculated from the Harold Cressy High School[5] in 1973 and studied Civil and Structural Engineering, and later, during his detention, law.

Public life

Manuel entered public life in 1981 as the General Secretary of the Cape Areas Housing Action Committee, after which he became a National Executive member of the United Democratic Front (UDF). In September 1985 Manuel was detained and then banned until 31 August 1990. However, Manuel's ban was lifted on 25 March 1986 after it was ruled that it was not in line with the provisions of the Internal Security Act. On 15 August 1986 Manuel was again detained under the emergency regulations for almost two years until July 1988. He was released from detention under severe restrictions but promptly detained again in September 1988, this time until February 1989. His release came with stringent restriction orders.


After the unbanning of the African National Congress (ANC), Manuel was appointed as deputy co-ordinator in the Western Cape Province. At the ANC's first regional conference in 1990 Manuel was elected publicity secretary. At the ANC's 1991 national conference Manuel was elected to the National Executive Committee. In 1992 Manuel became head of the ANC's Department of Economic Planning. Manuel was elected as an ANC Member of Parliament in 1994 and was appointed by President Nelson Mandela as Minister of Trade and Industry; two years later, in 1996, he was moved to the post of Minister of Finance.

The World Economic Forum selected Manuel as a "Global Leader for Tomorrow" in 1994.

In the 2002 election to the ANC's National Executive Committee, Manuel placed first. At the ANC conference in Polokwane in December 2007, he was again elected to the National Executive Committee, this time in 57th place with 1,590 votes.[6] In April 2008 Manuel was announced chancellor of the Cape Peninsula University of Technology.

In September 2008, the International Monetary Fund commissioned a "Committee on IMF Governance Reform", to be chaired by Manuel. This report was submitted in March 2009.[7] He was mooted in May 2011 as a possible candidate to succeed Dominique Strauss-Kahn as managing director of the IMF, a post traditionally held by a European[8]. Strauss-Kahn's successor ultimately was his compatriot Christine Lagarde.

According to papers seen by The Citizen, Manuel allegedly approved a contract on modernisation at the SA Revenue Service (Sars), worth R100 million, currently standing at R1 billion, without following due processes.[9]

The South Africa's Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation indicted Manuel and his one-time deputy, Jabu Moleketi, to provide affidavits on the creation of a special investigative unit in the South African Revenue Service (SARS) that spied on politicians. The National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) has been probing the unit in an investigation in which former finance minister Pravin Gordhan was summoned.[10]

Resignation and re-appointment

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting (28 January 2009. Davos)

On 23 September 2008, Trevor Manuel resigned as Finance Minister along with a number of other cabinet members after the resignation of President Thabo Mbeki, unsettling the financial market, but it was subsequently announced that he would be willing to continue to serve under the next president. Manuel explained the resignation as a principled gesture, and he expressed surprise at the market's reaction.[11] He was retained in his post in the cabinet of Mbeki's successor, Kgalema Motlanthe, which was announced on 25 September.[12]

African Union Covid-19 special envoy

In April 2020, Cyril Ramaphosa, President of South Africa and Chairperson of the African Union, appointed Manuel as a special envoy in view of the COVID-19 epidemic.[13] The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) criticised his appointment, alleging that he was a 'puppet' of 'white monopoly capital'.[13] Previously, Manuel had successfully pursued a case for defamation against the EFF in the Johannesburg High Court, after they alleged that "he is engaged in corruption and nepotism in the selection of the commissioner of the South African Revenue Service.[13]

Personal life

Trevor Manuel married Lynne Matthews in 1985. The couple had three sons Govan, Pallo and Jaime. The couple separated in 2001 and divorced in 2007. Manuel then married Maria Ramos on 27 December 2008 at the age of 52.


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