(Polarising perspective, prejudice, plastic word)
|• Academic Response Against Racism and Anti-Semitism in Europe
• All-Party Parliamentary Group against Antisemitism
• Anti-Defamation League
• Gilad Atzmon
• B'nai B'rith
• Oliver Coppard
• European Forum on Antisemitism
• Jonathan Freedland
• International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance
• Caitlin Johnstone
• Brian Klug
• Ronald Lauder
• Antony Lerman
• Heiko Maas
• Emanuele Ottolenghi
• Euan Philipps
• Rachel Riley
• Shlomo Sharan
• Asa Winstanley
|An etymological misnomer with no clear meaning. In current widespread use to demonise people deemed to be threatening to cherished Judaic official narratives and to close down rational debate. A more accurate description of those it is applied to would be "people who Jews don't like"
Antisemite (root - semite; adjective - antisemitic; derivative - antisemitism; etymology - a person opposed to "Semites").
- 1 Origins
- 2 Inversion
- 3 Fear of the Anti-Semitic label
- 4 Usage by Controlled Media
- 5 UK
- 6 EUMC "working definition"
- 7 Examples
- 8 Related Quotations
- 9 Related Documents
- 10 Official examples
- 11 References
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica entry written by Michael Berenbaum, the term was originally coined by Wilhelm Marr in 1897 to designate the anti-Jewish campaigns under way in central Europe at that time . It was coined because the term "Semite" had become a popular euphemism for "Jew", use of which in anything other than approving terms and in similar fashion to today, invited immediate hostility and condemnation from Jewish leaders. It remains in widespread use and with similar notional meaning in Official Narratives and with its root "Semite" meaning "Jew/Jewish/Judaic".
However, in semantic terms it is a gross and confusing misnomer in that semitic defines a group of languages far more accurately than it does race or religion and in both usages it encompasses vastly more non-Jewish (especially Arab) than Jewish peoples – which renders it particularly absurd in the context of the Middle East.
In the nineteenth century it was used as much as a self-description by people wishing to proclaim their dislike or opposition to Jewry; whereas in nowadays the term "antisemite" is used as an exonym to describe those opposed by the Israel lobby.
It has no substantive meaning other than as an insulting epithet and, like its close relative "Holocaust Denier", its primary usage is to demonise and close down rational debate on matters deemed offensive or otherwise critical of important Judaic Official Narratives.
Fear of the Anti-Semitic label
Roger Waters was quoted in 2016 as stating about the music industry that
My industry has been particularly recalcitrant in even raising a voice [against Israel]. There’s me and Elvis Costello, Brian Eno, Manic Street Preachers, one or two others, but there’s nobody in the United States where I live. I’ve talked to a lot of them, and they are scared s***less. If they say something in public they will no longer have a career. They will be destroyed.
"Anti-semitic, it's a trick we always use it"
A former Israeli minister said about the charge of antisemitism:
“Well, it’s a trick, we always use it. When from Europe somebody is criticizing Israel, then we bring up the Holocaust. When in this country people are criticizing Israel, then they are anti-Semitic. And the organization is strong, and has a lot of money, and the ties between Israel and the American Jewish establishment are very strong and they are strong in this country, as you know.”
Shulamit Aloni (August 14, 2002) 
Usage by Controlled Media
In 2015, Stephen Sizer was vilified by the commercially-controlled media and disciplined by the establishment who claimed that merely posting a Facebook link to the Wikispooks page "9-11/Israel did it" (not even alleging that he believed the contents were true), was in itself an "anti-semitic" act.
- "Has the Church of England ever asked our government officials and media to provide evidence of their allegations against Muslims, or if they can’t provide this evidence then to stop spreading these false allegations about Muslims being the perpetrators of 9/11?"
Application to Jews
Joshua Bonehill-Paine, a 24-year-old man was sentenced to 40 months imprisonment "for stirring up racial hatred against the Jewish community in Golders Green" after carrying out what The Register termed an "anti-Semitic Twitter campaign against MP" Luciana Berger:
- "Any stats person will tell you that the comment ‘Antisemitism is rife in the Labour Party’ can only be valid when set against a measure of AS in society and AS in equivalent organisations. Every sociology student knows this."
In February 2009, the Inter-parliamentary Coalition for Combating Antisemitism (ICCA) spearheaded by John Mann MP brought together Members of Parliament from all over the world to improve the way in which Parliaments and Governments fight antisemitism ensuring that laws are adequate and implemented and that best practices are shared appropriately. The ICCA, consisting of more than 700 Members in over 60 countries, saw its London Declaration on Combating Antisemitism signed by as many MPs, Ministers, Foreign Ministers and Prime Ministers.
Home Affairs Select Committee
On 16 October 2016, Tim Loughton, the acting Chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee, published the Committee's report on "antisemitism" which unanimously recommended limits on political free speech. The six Tory MPs, three New Labour and one SNP were unanimous in urging that:
- the term ‘Zionist’ be allowed only in an academically neutral or positive tone; using the term in an “accusatory“ manner should be categorised as “inflammatory” by all political parties and lead to criminal charges;
- criminal penalties as well as workplace sanctions be applied to those who:
- identify the State of Israel as “a racist endeavour”; or,
- compare Israeli behaviour in any way with that of the Nazis.
SNP Deputy Leader Angus Robertson told the enquiry that dialogue on Palestine in the SNP must take place only “within the context of supporting a two-state solution, and inherent in that is an acknowledgement of the right of self-determination for the Jewish people and the right of the State of Israel to exist”.
Robertson thus endorsed, and HASC adopted, the key elements of the discredited EUMC definition of antisemitism. Although never formally accepted by any representative body, the UK College of Policing has adopted it as guidelines. UK Government Minister Eric Pickles endorsed the definition in March of this year which would criminalise identifying the State of Israel as “a racist endeavour” or comparisons of the activities of the Israeli State in any way with that of the Nazis.
Angus Robertson MP claimed that anti-Zionism is a gateway to antisemitism rather than an antidote to it. According to the Committee “some people move from referring to ‘the Government of Israel’ to talking about ‘Israel’; then to ‘Zionists’, and then ‘some people start talking about Jews’; adding that “at some point along that line it morphs into antisemitism”. This ignores the never-ending efforts of organised political Zionists to conflate opposition to the programme of ethnic cleansing in Palestine with hatred of Jewish people - as if opposition to Apartheid, a system of White supremacy, was really hatred of white people!
This report backed by Tory, SNP and New Labour will criminalise large areas of free speech on Israel/Palestine. At a time when the Palestinian people face ethnic cleansing and genocide in Gaza, the members of this Committee have betrayed the Palestinians and joined an attack orchestrated by the Israeli Embassy to smother rising anger at Israel’s crimes.
At PMQs on 19 October 2016, Theresa May admonished the Labour leader:
- “Given the report of the select committee of this House about anti-Semitism and the approach to anti-Semitism in the Labour Party, he needs to think very carefully about the environment that is being created in the Labour Party in relation to anti-Semitism.”
- "The report’s political framing and disproportionate emphasis on Labour risks undermining the positive and welcome recommendations made in it."
No concrete evidence
On 12 October 2021, Art Crunchy tweeted:
EUMC "working definition"
In 2005, the EU Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC), now the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), adopted the Campaign Against Antisemitism’s (CAA) “working definition on antisemitism” which is used by the European Parliament Working Group on Antisemitism, the UK College of Policing, the US Department of State, and the 31 countries comprising the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance:
- “Antisemitism is a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of antisemitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities.”
The CAA gave these examples of antisemitism in public life, the media, schools, the workplace and in the religious sphere:
- Calling for, aiding, or justifying the killing or harming of Jews in the name of a radical ideology or an extremist view of religion.
- Making mendacious, dehumanising, demonising, or stereotypical allegations about Jews as such or the power of Jews as collective — such as, especially but not exclusively, the myth about a world Jewish conspiracy or of Jews controlling the media, economy, government or other societal institutions.
- Accusing Jews as a people of being responsible for real or imagined wrongdoing committed by a single Jewish person or group, or even for acts committed by non-Jews.
- Denying the fact, scope, mechanisms (e.g. gas chambers) or intentionality of the genocide of the Jewish people at the hands of National Socialist Germany and its supporters and accomplices during World War II (the Holocaust).
- Accusing the Jews as a people, or Israel as a state, of inventing or exaggerating the Holocaust.
- Accusing Jewish citizens of being more loyal to Israel, or to the alleged priorities of Jews worldwide, than to the interests of their own nations.
|"9-11/Israel did it"
|Evidence for the proposition that the Israeli deep state was involved in the 9-11 event.
|Named as an outlet of "Fake News" by PropOrNot.
|“When I was in the Mossad and we had a guy that gave us problems in the US, and he was speaking out, and he was talking like, like Pete talked once and said: "Israel is bombing Lebanon with cluster bombs". We say hey, who is that guy? Pete מקק we used to call him, which is Pete the cockroach. Because he makes a lot of noise and you can't get rid of him. So what you do is you get in touch with the guy in the station in New York, or in the station in Washington and you say: tell the guys at B'nai B'rith to label him. And of course the campaign starts and before you know it the guy is labelled .. and he is an anti-semite. Because that's what we say he is. And that's one stain that you can not wash.”
|1 September 1995
KPFA will cease broadcasting “Guns and Butter” effective immediately.
We’ve received an avalanche of negative calls and emails from listeners about your uncritically airing of views by a holocaust denier, climate denial and casting the Parkland mass shooting survivors as crisis actors. As steward [sic.] of our airways, we can’t defend this content to our listeners.
|8 August 2018
|Document:Anatomy of a Scandal: Israel Crucifies Corbyn
|14 August 2014
|Michael W. Howard
|"Tom Watson has it backward: the 'eternal shame and embarrassment' come when Labour, swallowing whatever pride it has left, meekly submits to being harassed and blackmailed by a foreign power and its vulgar propagandists. Jeremy Corbyn, it seems, is gearing up to do just that. Chalk one up for Goebbels."
|Document:Anti-semitism is cover for a much deeper divide in Britain's Labour party
|20 February 2019
|Paradoxically, the Labour breakaway group may have inadvertently exposed the weakness of its hand. The eight MPs have indicated that they will not run in by-elections, and for good reason: it is highly unlikely they would stand a chance of winning in any of their current constituencies outside the Labour Party.
|Document:Antisemitism threats will keep destroying Labour
|12 February 2020
|If we are only allowed to gently chide Israel in ways that cannot meaningfully advance Palestinian rights, if we are prevented from discussing the strategies of staunchly pro-Israel lobbyists to silence Israel’s critics, if we are denied the right to push for an international boycott of Israel of the kind that helped blacks in South Africa end their own oppression, then nothing is going to change for the Palestinians.
|Document:BBC's biased and inaccurate reporting of anti-semitism allegations towards Jeremy Corbyn
|7 August 2018
|"We regret that the BBC has failed to comply with its own codes with regard to impartiality and accuracy. Given the gravity of allegations of anti-semitism, the role performed by the BBC is all the more critical if it is to live up to Reithian principles of informing the public."
|Document:British MPs won’t get to see ‘WitchHunt’ in the House of Commons – the very place it needs to be shown
|3 March 2019
|The WitchHunt deserves to be widely seen. And it will be from Sunday 17th March 2019 when it goes online for free viewing.
|Document:David Cameron's Jewish roots
|7 January 2014
|David Cameron's 'aristocratic' Jewish ancestry, and the gross over-representation of Jewish influence and finance in British politics. Brings clarity to the question of why the UK Establishment is so excruciatingly biased and subservient to the interests of the Zionist State of Israel.
|Document:Don’t Laugh! It’s “Anti-Semitic”!
|4 February 2014
|All you need to know about French Comedian Dieudonne and the interests prompting both the French and UK Establishments to such ridiculous and downright nasty demonisation of him
|Document:EHRC avoids response to QC’s submission that Labour investigation breaches Equality Act
|3 August 2019
|Jewish Voice for Labour's submission to the Equality and Human Rights Commission points out that many of the worst aspects took place under the tenure of former general secretary Iain McNicol, while significant improvements have been made under his successor Jennie Formby.
|Document:EHRC discredits itself again even as it settles with Livingstone and Bromley
|15 September 2023
|Pam Bromley and Ken Livingstone said: “Rather than fighting this case for potentially another year or more, we believe we need to refocus our resources on tackling the Israel lobby’s current efforts to stifle pro-Palestine speech in schools, universities and other sectors.”
|Document:Enough is Enough: What would Mandela have said
|28 March 2018
|If the Board of Deputies and the Jewish Leadership Council want to belatedly take a stand against all racism, they might want to look instead at groups such as the Traditional Britain Group attached to the Conservative Party who are promoting white supremacism and state-assisted repatriation of immigrants to their “natural homelands”
|Document:Exposed: Jeremy Corbyn’s hate factory
|15 April 2018
|A fishing expedition co-ordinated by The Sunday Times which "uncovered more than 2,000 abusive messages" posted on 20 Facebook groups by mostly unidentified individuals who may or may not have been members of the Labour Party.
|Document:Guardian cartoonist Steve Bell accused of anti-Semitism over Razan al-Najjar image
|7 June 2018
|Mrs May couldn’t care any less about the death of this young woman than Mr Netanyahu – she is deeply in cahoots with the Israeli government
|Document:Has the Elite’s Slavish pro-Israel Agenda Finally Gone Too Far
|25 February 2019
|Israeli destruction of Palestinian olive trees in the occupied territories is almost as heinous as the continuing killing and imprisonment of Palestinian children. Every morning ask yourself this question: "How many children has the Israeli “Defence” Force killed since the MSM last reported one?"
|Document:Here’s What Really Happened When Labour Suspended Corbyn
|27 July 2021
|If Keir Starmer was always unlikely to stand by his ten pledges and retain the bulk of the 2017 manifesto, some hoped he would at least bring a slickness and efficiency to LOTO that was missing under Jeremy Corbyn. After the suspension debacle, this is a hope that few can cling to.
|Document:How top Labour officials plotted to bring down Jeremy Corbyn
|16 April 2020
|The stench of cover-up is already in the air. Keir Starmer's Labour needs to come clean and admit that its most senior officials defrauded hundreds of thousands of party members, and millions more supporters, who voted for a fairer, kinder Britain.
|Document:IMPRESS dismisses Mann's smears of antisemitism against Skwawkbox and The Canary
|25 November 2021
|Mr Mann, or Lord Mann as he likes to be called according to his Twitter handle, has a long record of enmity toward Skwawkbox and the left media, which have highlighted his own actions and his own displays of contempt toward Gypsy Roma and Traveller people, which caused them deep hurt and even led to him being interviewed by police.
|Document:Is The BBC Anti-Labour?
|Paddy French's antidote to John Ware's Panorama programme "Is Labour Anti-Semitic?"
|Document:Is this the Epicentre of Corbyn’s Antisemitism Story?
|8 April 2019
|We are being immersed in a disgraceful environment of political propaganda, disinformation and downright lies cooked up by those with vested interests and promoted by the billionaire offshore owners of the press and fellow travellers such as Ruth Smeeth and contriving organisations such as the British-American Project
|Document:Israel Stooges Freak Out over Baroness Jenny's Remarks - Again
|3 November 2018
|Baroness Jenny Tonge: "The Pittsburgh synagogue shooting was an absolutely appalling and a criminal act, but does it ever occur to Bibi and the present Israeli government that its actions against Palestinians may be reigniting anti-Semitism? I suppose someone will say that it is anti-Semitic to say so?"
|Document:JVL statement on Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis
|28 November 2019
|The Conservatives have given us austerity as an organising principle of government and as a result we have proliferating food banks, people sleeping and dying on our streets, our social care system on its knees, and local council budgets and services decimated. So, Rabbi Mirvis, which party is threatening the soul of the nation?
|Document:Labour & ‘anti-Semitism’: Real goal of establishment smear campaign is to deny socialists power
|23 April 2019
|After three years of screaming headlines, the truth about anti-Semitism in the Labour Party is finally revealed: just 0.08 percent of Labour’s half-a-million members have said or tweeted something anti-Semitic
|Document:Labour Party exclusions: we need justice for the many not just for the few
|2 March 2018
|The Labour Party's departing General Secretary Iain McNicol has done everything possible to delay or prevent the implementation of the Chakrabarti Inquiry Report which needs to be the central focus of our campaigning right now, if we are going to win justice for the many suspended and excluded by Labour, not just for the few.
|Document:Manufacturing consent on "antisemitism"
|20 October 2016
|Jeremy Corbyn's Labour party is the target throughout this ill-conceived, politically tendentious and risible Home Affairs Select Committee report entitled "Antisemitism in the UK". The presumption of innocence has been abandoned by lawyer Chuka Umunna and his Tory friends.
|Document:On Ken Livingstone
|21 September 2023
|Madeleine Kingston adds: "I worked with Ken for several years when he was Mayor of London. I was a middle aged woman and he was always lovely to work with, extremely egalitarian, never patronising and always generous, courteous and respectful. He always related to me as a comrade and a friend."
|Document:PayPal Partnering With Anti-Defamation League to Share Info With Law Enforcement, Determine Who Can Use Their Services
|26 July 2021
|The censorship industry colludes with law enforcement and financial services in order to censor more.
|Document:Someone said they wanted to see me trapped in a burning car and watch flames melt my flesh
|22 October 2021
|After the murder of MP David Amess, a crackdown on "internet trolls" is being demanded by most politicians. The UK's new Culture Minister Nadine Dorries is pursuing new overreaching legislation regulating Big Tech. The "Online Safety Bill" will abolish online anonymity and empower internet censorship. There are fears that it will be the end for freedom of expression in the UK.
|Document:Tactics of Organized Jewry in Suppressing Free Speech
|An edited transcript of Prof. Martins address to the 14th Conference of the Institute for Historical Review in Irvine, California about the tactics of organised Jewry in suppressing information they deem harmful to them
|Document:The American Jewish scholar behind Labour's "antisemitism" scandal breaks his silence
|3 May 2016
|Norman G. Finkelstein is clear: "It’s time to put a stop to this periodic charade, because it ends up besmirching the victims of the Nazi holocaust, diverting from the real suffering of the Palestinian people, and poisoning relations between the Jewish and Muslim communities. You just had an antisemitism hysteria last year, and it was a farce. And now again? Another inquiry? Another investigation? No."
|Document:The Centre Blows Itself Up: Care and Spite in the ‘Brexit Election’
|13 January 2020
|At the 'Brexit Election' of 2019, the anti-Semitism accusations weakened Labour immensely. But it was the – ultimately successful – campaign by the 'Centrists' to force Jeremy Corbyn to reverse his position on Brexit that really ensured their party’s electoral disaster.
|Document:The Dangerous Cult of The Guardian
|28 September 2011
|Criticism of The Guardian's policy on censorship of topics including "anti-semitism" and Wikileaks
|Document:The Forde Report and the Labour Right
|24 July 2022
|About a third of the mass membership that Corbyn brought into the Labour Party has now left. Starmer, having lied his way through his leadership election, has now positioned the party very squarely back as Blairite and Tory Lite. There is therefore a very real argument that the Forde Report simply does not matter.
|Document:The Forde Report is what it isn’t
|24 July 2022
|So…why the silence? Why isn’t the Forde Report all over the comment shows? Why aren’t all the relevant people being quizzed? Why aren’t there on-air discussions and rows going on between the opposing parties (and/or supporters)?
|Document:The Jewish Question
|A review of the historical tensions between the Jewish Diapora and its host nations up to the end of the nineteenth century
|Document:The Move to Muzzle Dieudonné M’Bala M’Bala
|1 January 2014
|How a French Cameroonian Comedian has the Judaic-dominated French establishment so worried they are making embarrassing fools of themselves.
|Document:The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
|1 January 1903
|Famous - or infamous? - and remarkably prescient historical document from the early 20th century. It purports to represent the programs and methods to be employed to achieve Jewish domination over the Gentile world.
|Document:The Shoah as State Religion?
|24 January 2014
|The paranoid sensitivities of the French establishment to any and all manifestations of ridicule and satire concerning the 'State Religion' of the Shoa or Holocaust
|Document:The attack on Jeremy Corbyn is baseless – there is nothing to support it in the EHRC report
|29 October 2020
|Jeremy Corbyn has a record of opposing antisemitism and all forms of racism that are second to none. It was in fact precisely his campaigning and principled approach to politics that got him elected as leader of the party in the first place.
|Document:The sharks circling around Corbyn scent blood
|26 March 2018
|The sharks circling around Jeremy Corbyn will not ignore the scent of his bloodied wounds; rather, it will send them into a feeding frenzy. As hard as it is to do when the elites so clearly want him destroyed, Corbyn must find his backbone and start to stand his ground.
|Document:The shortcomings of the EHRC Report
|6 November 2020
|Jewish Voice for Labour
|There are just 12 mentions of Jeremy Corbyn in the EHRC report, of which only two concern actions taken by him. It is reprehensible not to distinguish between actions taken by individuals supportive of Corbyn and those taken by people hostile to him – such an omission leads to the impression that all failings were Corbyn’s responsibility.
|Document:This largely pointless EHRC investigation has been welcomed by Labour
|28 May 2019
|John Spannyard Indaworks
|"The upside of all this is that it may well lay to rest the continual Zionist refrain that Labour and Corbyn are an anti-Semitic party. What it is unlikely to do in my view is derail the Corbyn McDonnell project - it's just a bump in that particular road."
|Document:UK Labour Party is right to drop racist IHRA guidelines of anti-Semitism
|6 August 2018
|The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) Anti-Semitism definition guidelines the Labour Party are correctly omitting, are designed by Israeli propagandists to aid their many mass lobby attempts to stop international solidarity with the Palestinians and to deny Palestinians the right to express the nature of Israel’s 70 years of violence and racism towards them.
|Document:UK Labour party teeters on brink of civil war over antisemitism
|27 July 2020
|Labour Party member Mark Howell is suing former General Secretary Iain McNicol for “breach of contract” and is demanding that those named in the leaked report be expelled from the party (see "Mark Howell for Justice": https://www.crowdjustice.com/case/mark-howell-for-justice/).
|Document:Weekend Clashes Emblematic of Political Violence Around the Country
|16 October 2018
|This ADL blog post from 2018 outlines instances of "terrorism", blamed mainly on the Proud Boys during first two years of the Presidency of Donald Trump. Since then, they were revealed to have links to FBI informants.
|Document:Whatever happened to ‘due process’?
|21 November 2020
|Starmer’s reaction suggests he will continue to pursue a course which he somehow sees as politically expedient. History tells us it risks leading the party into the most dangerous kind of authoritarianism.
|Document:With Panorama's hatchet job on Labour antisemitism, BBC has become pro-Tory media
|11 July 2019
|The question is why did the BBC’s flagship political investigations show decide that the marginal problem of racism in Labour was a much more urgent matter than the provable and significant racism in the Conservative Party?
|Document:‘What about the Israeli army killing unarmed Palestinian civilians’
|27 April 2018
|Ken Loach asked the Belgian prime minister: “Mr Michel is a lawyer, did he wonder about Israel’s failure to comply with international law? Has he asked the question of colonisation of the Palestinian territories? Has he asked the question of unarmed Palestinian civilians killed by the Israeli army? Has he asked the question of refugees living under the protection of the United Nations?"
|A study of the relationship between Zionism and its perennial allegations of antisemitism among majority gentile populations, especially in Europe and the USA
|File:Labour internal antisemitism report.pdf
|An enormous (851 pages) report of an internal UK Labour Party investigation into alleged antisemitism in the Party between 2014 and 2019.
|Boycott Divestment and Sanctions
|Archibald Maule Ramsay
- anti-Semitism - Encyclopedia Britannica article 6 July 2014
- Antisemitism Is Now a Mass Movement in Britain The Unz Review , 13 May 2019
- "Roger Waters: Pink Floyd star on why his fellow musicians are terrified to speak out against Israel"
- https://israelpalestinenews.org/israeli-minister-called-accusation-anti-semitism-trick-silence-criticism-israel-video/ initially broadcast on Democracy Now in an interview with Amy Goodman
- "Backlash by Church of England: Vicar Banned From Social Media for Endorsing 9/11 Truth"
- "Every sociology student knows this"
- "John Mann needs re-election help"
- "The London Declaration on Combating Antisemitism"
- "ALERT: all-party attack on free speech for Palestine"
- "Theresa May hits out at Jeremy Corbyn over anti-Semitism in Labour"
- "People in the media were very keen to find anti-cementism in the Labour Party without any concrete evidence"
- "EUMC working definition of antisemitiism"
- "Definition of Antisemitism"