| "Extremism" |
• Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism|
• Alex Schmid
"Extremism" is an enemy image used to designate enemies of the state.
The Western commercially-controlled media often use the word "extremism" is conjunction with "religious", particularly "Islamic" - (i.e. "Islamic extremism"), sometimes in the compound "domestic extremism", but rarely in conjunction with other religions. The word is a flexible one which lacks much of a proper definition. It is pejorative and exonymic - i.e. people use it to put down other people, and never apply it to themselves. One look on a search engine will conform the standard usage.
Lack of definition
“Words strain - Crack and sometimes break, under the burden - Under the tension, slip, slide, perish - Will not stay still...
For last year's words belong to last year's language - And next year's words await another voice.”
T.S. Elliot (1943) — 
Sociology professor David Miller has suggested that corporate media appear to be stoking fear of Islam by very disproportionate reporting of "Islamic extremists". This is does as a component of the "war on terror" narrative used to facilitate the changing of laws purportedly intended to fight "terrorism". Once passed, the lack of a legal definition of "extremism" or "terrorism" means that they are routinely used to facilitate social control such as mass surveillance of entire populations. An "extremist" becomes anyone who expresses dissenting opinions to that which the nation state promotes.
The lack of a proper definition have allowed different agencies within the UK government to use the word "extremism" in contradictory ways. The purported 'research' into counter-extremism is so unempirical and vague as to not really merit that term. Nafeez Ahmed has referred to it as "astonishingly crap". Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe, the Metropolitan police commissioner promised when the Met's "anti-extremism unit" was set up that it would target serious criminals rather than peaceful protesters, but it has been used against senior UK Green party members Caroline Lucas and Sian Berry.
The phrase "violent extremism" is an increasingly common phrase which appears to be used as a replacement for the word "terrorism", which also is problematic as regards definition. Although the label "extremism" is associated with violence, some governments have used the phrase "non-violent extremism" when drafting legislation. Alex Schmid of the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism argued that “the distinction between “non-violent extremism” and “violent extremism” is not a valid one.”
The FBI has been borrowing from the UK's PREVENT programme, encouraging high schools to report anyone who criticises government policy as potential future "terrorists", warning that “anarchist extremists” are in the same category as ISIS.
China appears to be collaborating with the anti-extremist meme. In 2017 it announced many restrictions on dress, cultural life, banning "abnormal beards" etc. in the majority Moslem province of Xinjiang. These were claimed to be measures to fight "extremism".
|Non-violent extremism||An enemy image used to try to justify violent repression of those who advocate non-violent change.|
|File:FBI-Extremist Symbols 2006.pdf||report||9 November 2006||(U//LES//FOUO) The Colorado Information Analysis Center has received information from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Joint Terrorism Task Force (FBI/JTTF) regarding extremist symbols, tattoos and terminology. The following is a guideline for possible identification of members and or activists related to the individual groups|
|The Astonishingly Crap Science of 'Counter-Extremism'||webpage||17 March 2016||Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed||An expose of the crass lack of any valid scientific basis of government strategies to fight radicalisation. Nafeez Ahmed agrues that the "most academically accurate concept to capture this absurd level of crappiness is ‘bullshit’".|
|Unthinking extremism - Radicalising narratives that legitimise surveillance||paper||26 October 2015||Ben Harbisher|
|Nonviolence||“preventing violent extremism is not enough; rather all extremism – Islamist and other – ought to be prevented, given the bloody track record of extremism in power in the twentieth century and beyond. Rather than distinguishing between non-violent and violent extremists, we should distinguish between extremists and non-extremists and support the latter against Islamists at home and abroad. Governments should challenge and resist all extremism, whether it is violent or not, whether it is Islamist or not.”||Alex Schmid||May 2014|
|Theresa May||“There is to be frank, far too much tolerance of extremism in our country.”||Theresa May||2017|
- Four Quartets
- Document:Radicalisation - UK.gov gets itself in cluster-muddle over 'terrorism'
- Document:The Astonishingly Crap Science of 'Counter-Extremism'
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