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|( 1900s: ) 1908|
Officially this was about law enforcement, but soon director for life J. Edgar Hoover used it as a private goon squad.
- January 24 – Robert Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys begins publication in London. The book eventually sold over 100 million copies, and effectively begins the worldwide Boy Scout movement.
- February 1 – Lisbon Regicide: King Carlos I of Portugal and Prince Luis Filipe are shot dead in Lisbon.
- April 8 – H. H. Asquith of the Liberal Party takes office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, succeeding Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman.
- May 14–October 31 – The Franco-British Exhibition (1908) is held in London.
- May 26 – At Masjed Soleyman in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil discovery in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.
- June 30 (June 17 OS) – The Tunguska event or "Russian explosion" near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Siberia, Russian Empire, is believed to have been caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet fragment, at an altitude of 5–10 kilometres (3–6 mi) above the Earth's surface.
- July 23 – Young Turk Revolution: The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) issues a formal ultimatum to Sultan Abdul Hamid II, to restore the constitution of 1876 within the Ottoman Empire (it is restored the following day).
- October 1 – Official launch of Henry Ford's Ford Model T automobile, the first having left the Ford Piquette Avenue Plant in Detroit, Michigan, on September 27.
- October 5– Bulgaria declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire; Ferdinand I of Bulgaria becomes Tsar.
- October 6 – The Bosnian crisis begins, after the Austro-Hungarian Empire annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina from the Ottoman Empire.
- November 3 – 1908 United States presidential election: Republican candidate William Howard Taft defeats William Jennings Bryan, 321 electoral votes to 162.
- November 15 – King Leopold II of Belgium formally relinquishes his personal control of the Congo Free State (becoming Belgian Congo) to Belgium, following evidence collected by Roger Casement of maladministration.
|Cairo University||Public||Most important university in Egypt.|
|Kellogg School of Management||Private business school||Chicago business school|
|University of Alberta||Public|
|Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo||One of the largest and most prestigious universities of Brazil.|
|FBI||Formerly focused on "law enforcement", the Federal Bureau of Investigation has since 2013 been officially prioritising "national security". Director for life J. Edgar Hoover used it for multiple purposes over the decades - most notably muckraking for information to be used later as blackmail material.|
|Title||Born||Died||Place of death||Summary|
|Spencer Cavendish||23 July 1833||24 March 1908||France|
|Henry Campbell-Bannerman||7 September 1836||22 April 1908||London|
10 Downing Street
|Grover Cleveland||18 March 1837||24 June 1908||United States|