Bilderberg/1973

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Event.png Bilderberg/1973 (meeting) Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Bilderberg 1973.png
The 1973 Bilderberg Report
Date11 May 1973 - 13 May 1973
LocationSaltsjöbaden,  Sweden
ParticipantsBernhard von Biesterfeld, Ernst H. van der Beugel, Joseph E. Johnson, C. Frits Karsten, Giovanni Agnelli, Robert O. Anderson, George Ball, Wilfrid S. Baumgartner, Frederic Bennett, Selahattin Beyazit, M. Nuri Birgi, Erling Bjøl, Anders Bjorgerd, Marcel Boiteux, Birgit Breuel, Zbigniew Brzezinski, William P. Bundy, Gian Cittadini Cesi, Emilio G. Collado, Arthur H. Dean, Eric Drake, Roberto Ducci, Raffaele Girotti, Rene Granier de Lilliac, Denis Greenhill, Anthony Griffin, Niels J. Haagerup, Geir Hallgrimsson, Denis Healey, Henry J. Heinz II, Leif Høegh, Jozef Houthuys, Daniel E. Janssen, Otto Kersten, Max Kohnstamm, Lewis H. Lapham Jr., Sakari Lehto, Jonkheer Emile van Lennep, Walter J. Levy, Finn Lied, Siro Lombardini, Joseph Luns, Peter Lougheed, Donald Macdonald, Reginald Maudling, Cesare Merlini, Erich Mettler, Bill D. Moyers, John Newhouse, David Owen, Olof Palme, James A. Perkins, Frits J. Philips, Albert E. Ritchie, Eric Roll, Edmond Adolphe de Rothschild, Samuel Rozemond, Helmut Schmidt, Roger Seydoux de Clausonne, John M. Simon, Gerard C. Smith, Baron Snoy et d'Oppuers, Theo Sommer, Fernand Spaak, Paul Stehlin, Ugo Stille, Thorvald Stoltenberg, Shepard Stone, Gunnar Strang, Richard Taverne, Terkel Terkelsen, Otto G. Tidemand, Berend J. Udink, Victor H. Umbricht, Gerrit A. Wagner, Marcus Wallenberg Jr., Krister Wickman, Carroll L. Wilson, Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski, Otto Wolff von Amerongen
PerpetratorsBilderberg/Steering committee
Witnessed byNils Svensson, Hugo Lindgren, Edwin Vernede, Charles W. Getchell Jr
DescriptionThe meeting at which the 1973 oil crisis appears to have been planned.
The Grand Hotel Saltsjöbaden

The 1973 Bilderberg Meeting was the 22nd such meeting and had participants from European countries, the United States, Canada and "various international organisations".[1] It was held at Saltsjöbaden, Sweden (as were the 1962 and 1984 Bilderbergs). The 79 guests included 15 business executives, 22 politicians, 1 financiers, 11 editors/journalists and 5 academics.

The meeting saw oil executives and bankers come together to discuss the possibility of a sharp rise in the price of oil -- which took place five months after the meeting, after the Yom Kippur War.

Planning

BilderbergSteeringCorrespondence1972 Page 08.jpg

A meeting of the Bilderberg Steering Committee was held at the Soestdijk Palace on 21-22 October 1972 to discuss who to invite to the meeting and what to put on the agenda.[2]

Participants

Among the 1973 participants were Gerrit Wagner, the CEO of Shell, and of the other oil majors: British Petroleum (BP), Total S.A., ENI, Exxon, as well as significant banking interests and individuals such as Baron Edmond de Rothschild and David Rockefeller.

Bilderberg invitation 1973.png

Henry Kissinger

The presence or absence of Henry Kissinger, then US Secretary of State, in Saltsjöbaden has been a matter of some confusion, and is of importance as regards the claim that the 1973 Oil Shock was planned at the meeting. His name is on a memorandum from the Bilderberg’s US Secretariat containing the United States’ proposed list of guests,[3] but he decided not to attend,[3] and is not on the official guest list,[1]. William Engdahl has been inconsistent in his claims on this point.[3] Authors including Andrew Gavin Marshall have cited Engdahl on this point, apparently unaware that he is mistaken.[4]

Agenda

1. The Possibilities of the Development of a European Energy Policy and the Consequences for European-North American Relations

The paper noted "the continued requests for price increases from Middle East producing countries, accelerated by the devaluation of the dollar."[1]

Ensuing discussion

The discussion is reported as follows:[1]

  1. Nature and Scale of the Energy Problem
  2. What Can Be Done about the Supply Situation?
    1. The geopolitical background in the Middle East
    2. Negotiations with the producing countries
    3. Transforming our relations with the Arab states
    4. Sharing available supplies
    5. Alternative sources and forms of energy
  3. What Can Be Done about the Demand Situation?
    1. The validity of consumption forecasts
    2. Economic, political and social aspects of demand reduction
    3. Avenues towards better fuel economy
  4. The Monetary Impact of the Oil Crisis

2. Conflicting Expectations Concerning the European Security Conference

This topic had two working papers, one by a Norwegian, one by an American.

The American working paper noted "The continued requests for price increases from Middle East producing countries, accelerated by the devaluation of the dollar. The international oil companies might wage a rear-guard action, but in the end they would yield rather than risk interruption of supplies. They believed it was up to the economies of the consuming countries to absorb these price increases."[1]

Context

Five months after the meeting, the Yom Kippur War brought extensive rises in the price of oil, triggering the 1973 Oil crisis‎. Various commentators have suggested that this may not have been a coincidence. Sheikh Yamani has stated that he "is 100% sure that the Americans were behind the increase in the price of oil" in 1973.[5]


Early death

In 1975, Paul Stehlin died after being hit by a bus.

 

Events carried out

EventLocationDescription
"1973 Oil crisis"WorldA huge rise in the price of oil, very probably created by attendees of the 1973 Bilderberg.
Yom Kippur WarGolan Heights
Suez Canal
Surrounding regions
A Bilderberg approved war in the Middle East to provide probable cause to increased the oil price, allowing US oil companies to cash in big time.

 

Participants

ParticipantDescription
Gianni AgnelliItalian industrialist, 37 Bilderbergs
Otto Wolff von AmerongenBilderberg Advisory Committee member, deep politician
Robert O. AndersonTriple Bilderberg Big Oil exec who attended the 1973 Bilderberg
George BallUS deep politician who attended all 40 Bilderberg meetings up to his death, he helped make key decisions about post-WW2 Europe.
Wilfrid BaumgartnerGovernor of the Bank of France, Bilderberg Steering Committee
Frederic BennettParliamentary Private Secretary to Reginald Maudling, Privy Counsellor, Bilderberg Steering committee
Ernst van der BeugelDutch deep politician, 34 Bilderbergs, on both the Advisory & Steering committees
Selahattin BeyazitTurkish Bilderberg Steering committee
Bernhard von BiesterfeldNazi arms dealer. Alleged bodyguard of Hitler, early member of the SS, requested presidency under Hitler during WW2. An early leader of the Dutch Deep State, founded Dutch division of Operation Gladio named Inlichtingen en Operatiën, co-founded Bilderberg as Steering Committee chairman. Started 1001 Club, WWF, Rijkens Club. Linked to Klaas Bruinsma.
Nuri Birgi23 Bilderbergs, Turkish Permanent Representative to NATO
Anders BjorgerdSwedish oil exec
Erling BjølDanish Bilderberg historian
Marcel BoiteuxPresident of Le Siècle, economist, mathematician
Birgit BreuelGerman politician, 6 times Bilderberger
Zbigniew BrzezinskiA central US Deep politician, Cercle, Bilderberg, ...
William BundyUS Skull & bones deep politician and cold warrior
Gian Cittadini-CesiItalian fascist diplomat and a member of the Bilderberg Steering committee.
Roger Seydoux de Clausonnespooky French diplomat who attended the 1973 Bilderberg
Emilio ColladoBig oil, Bilderberg Steering committee.
Arthur DeanChairman and senior partner of Sullivan & Cromwell, where he worked closely with John Foster Dulles
Eric DrakeUK oil executive invited to the 1973 Bilderberg
Roberto Ducci6 times Bilderberg visitor
Raffaele GirottiItalian politician who attended the 1973 Bilderberg
Denis GreenhillSpooky diplomat whose cable concerning the expulsion of the inhabitants of the Chagos Islands which was "condescending, misogynistic and racist, even by 1960s standards."
Anthony GriffinWorked for S.G. Warburg. A member of the Bilderberg Advisory Committee for 32 years.
Niels HaagerupJournalist and close collaborator of Erik Seidenfaden, NATO press secretary, Daily leader of the Danish Foreign Policy Institute. Strong champion of "the need to limit national sovereignty in favor of supranational schemes that can ensure international freedom and stability".
Geir HallgrímssonPrime Minister of Iceland, Bilderberg Steering Committee
Denis HealeyBilderberg Steering committee member, who attended 23 Bilderberg meetings.
Jozef Houthuys5 time Bilderberg Belgian deep state operative. Chaired the Belgian Confederation of Christian Trade Unions for 18 years
Leif HöeghBilderberg Steering committee, as was his son
H. John Heinz II34 Bilderberg meetings, Bilderberg Steering & Advisory Committees
Daniel JanssenBilderberg Steering committee Belgian business leader
Joseph JohnsonInaugural US secretary of the annual Bilderberg, Bilderberg Steering committee member.
Marcus Wallenberg Jr.Chairman of the Federation of Swedish Industries, Bilderberg Steering committee, 22 Bilderbergs
C. Frits KarstenBanker, Honorary Treasurer of the Bilderberg and a member of the Bilderberg Steering committee.
Otto KerstenGerman labour leader who attended two Bilderberg meetings in the 1970s
Max KohnstammMember of the Bilderberg Advisory Committee
Lewis LaphamUS journalist. Editor of Harper's Magazine. Attended the 1973 Bilderberg
Sakari LehtoFinnish businessman
Emile van LennepSecretary-General of the OECD for 15 years. Poly Bilderberg
Walter LevyUS spooky economist, headed the petroleum section of the Office of Strategic Services
Finn LiedStatoil creator
Rene Granier de LilliacBig oil exec present at the 1973 Bilderberg
Siro LombardiniItalian economist
Peter LougheedCanadian lawyer who attended the 1973 Bilderberg
Joseph LunsEx Secretary General of NATO, Regular Bilderberger
Donald MacDonaldCanadian Bilderberg Steering committee member, Canada/Privy Council/President
Reginald MaudlingUK politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Bilderberg Steering committee
Cesare MerliniItalian academic, Brookings Institute
Erich MettlerSwiss foreign correspondent and editor
... further results

 

Witnesses

WitnessDescription
Charles GetchellLittle known member of the Bilderberg Steering committee who attended most of the meetings in the 1970s and 1980s
Hugo LindgrenUnidentified US visitor to the 1973 Bilderberg
Nils SvenssonUnknown Swede who was "in attendance" at the 1973 Bilderberg.
Edwin VernèdePersonal Secretary to Prince Bernhard for 30 years (1965-95)


References