Grover Cleveland

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Person.png Grover Cleveland   SpartacusRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(Politician, lawyer)
Grover Cleveland.jpg
BornStephen Grover Cleveland
March 18, 1837
Caldwell, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedJune 24, 1908 (Age 71)
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
Parents • Richard Falley Cleveland
• Ann Neal
Children • Ruth Cleveland
• Esther Cleveland
• Richard Cleveland
SpouseFrances Folsom
Relatives • Rose Cleveland
• Philippa Foot

Employment.png President of the United States

In office
March 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897
Preceded byBenjamin Harrison
Succeeded byWilliam McKinley

Employment.png President of the United States

In office
March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1889
Succeeded byBenjamin Harrison

Employment.png Governor of New York

In office
January 1, 1883 - January 6, 1885

Employment.png Mayor of Buffalo

In office
January 2, 1882 - November 20, 1882

Employment.png Sheriff of Erie County New York

In office
January 1, 1871 - 1873

Stephen Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd and 24th President of the United States. Cleveland is the only president to have served two separate terms (18851889 and 18931897). He achieved the largest total number of votes in three presidential elections - in 1884, 1888 and 1892, but was not elected in 1888 due to too few electoral votes. He was the only Democrat to be elected president in the Republican-dominated era from 1860 to 1912. Cleveland's admirers praised him for his honesty, independence, integrity, and his work for the principles of classical liberalism.[1] As leader of the Bourbon Democrats, he was opposed to imperialism, taxes, subsidies, and inflationary policies, but as a reformer, he also worked against corruption and friendship services.

Cleveland sent in the army to assist the employers in the Pullman strike in 1894. His support for the gold standard and opposition to "free silver" (the right to have coins made from silver) also was seen as siding with the big banks.

Furthermore, critics lamented that he did not have the great imagination and that he seemed paralyzed during the nation's economic crises - economic depression and strikes - during his second presidency. Despite this, he has since gained a reputation as an honest and characterful man.

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  1. Jeffers, H. Paul: An Honest President: The Life and Presidencies of Grover Cleveland, HarperCollins 2002 page 8-12