| Biological weapon/Preparation|
|Interest of||• Emergent BioSolutions|
• Johns Hopkins University
Preparation for Germ attacks involved infecting its own people by state agencies. Some simulations included training and lobbying in response to natural pandemics, too. Proposed solution is stockpiling and developing vaccines.
Event 201 may have been held about one month after the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 in Wuhan, but about two months before the first public notice about the new virus. In June 2001, Johns Hopkins University had organized a similar simulation of anthrax bio-attacks, about three months before the actual anthrax attacks occurred after September 11.
|Atlantic Storm||A scenario designed to mimic a summit of transatlantic leaders forced to respond to a bioterrorist attack. Recommended militarization, vaccination and stockpiling drugs. Held January 2005.|
|Clade X||A pandemic/biowarfare preparation exercise by Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. Held May 2018.|
|National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases|
|Operation Dark Winter||An exercise where senior former officials would respond to a bioterrorist induced national security crisis. Uncannily predicted the 2001 anthrax attacks and other narratives. Held June 2001.|
|TOPOFF||A series of week long "counter-terrorism" exercises|
|Document:Bioterror: Manufacturing Wars The American Way||foreword||1 April 2003||William H. Schaap|