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Event.png Bilderberg/1999(Bilderberg/Meeting) Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
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Bilderberg 1999.jpg
Date3 June 1999 - 6 June 1999
LocationSintra,  Portugal
ParticipantsÉtienne Davignon, Victor Halberstadt, Umberto Agnelli, Esperanza Aguirre y Gil de Biedma, Paul Allaire, Joaquim F. do Amaral, Anders Aslund, Francisco Pinto Balsemao, Percy Barnevik, Evan Bayh, Franco Bernabe, Carl Bildt, Conrad Black, Charles G. Boyd, John A. D. de Chastelain, Kenneth Clarke, Kristin Clemet, Bertrand Collomb, Jon S. Corzine, João Cardona G. Cravinho, George A. David, Christopher Dodd, Thomas Donilon, Gazi Ercel, Sedat Ergin, Martin S. Feldstein, Stanley Fischer, Paolo Fresco, Francesco Giavazzi, Peter Godsoe, Donald E. Graham, Frank H.G. de Grave, Eduardo C. Marcal Grilo, Chuck Hagel, Tom C. Hedelius, Per Egil Hegge, Peter A. Herrndorf, Jim Hoagland, Westye Høegh, Richard C. Holbrooke, Jan Huyghebaert, Otmar Issing, Vernon Jordan, Nikolai Kamov, Suna Kirac, Henry A. Kissinger, Hilmar Kopper, Yannos Kranidiotis, Marie-Josée Kravis, Jan Leschly, Erkki Liikanen, Roy MacLaren, Margaret O. MacMillan, Peter Mandelson, Jessica T. Mathews, William J. McDonough, Richard A. McGinn, Vasco de Mello, Ihor Mityukov, Dominique Moïsi, Mario Monti, Francisco Murteira Nabo, Matthias Naß, Beatrix Armgard, David Oddsson, Andrzej Olechowski, Jorma Ollila, Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, Werner A. Perger, Jonathon Porrit, Alessandro Profumo, David de Pury, Gerhard Randa, Steven Rattner, Bill Richardson, David Rockefeller, Matias Rodriguez Inciarte, Mauricio Rojas, Eric Roll, Björn Rosengren, Ricardo Salgado, Jorge Sampaio, Nicolau Santos, Ad J. Scheepbouwer, Richard Schenz, Rudolf Scholten, Jürgen E. Schrempp, Toger Seidenfaden, Robert Shapiro, Lilia Shevtsova, Artur Santos Silva, Pedro Solbes Mira, Gyorgy Suranyi, J. Martin Taylor, G. Richard Thoman, John L. Thornton, Dmitri V. Trenin, Jean-Claude Trichet, Laura D'Andrea Tyson, Matti Vanhala, Pentti Vartia, Daniel L. Vasella, Thanos M. Veremis, Franz Vranitzky, Lodewjk J. de Waal, Martin Wolf, James D. Wolfensohn, Otto Wolff von Amerongen, Erkut Yücaoglu, Michael Zantovsky, Norbert Zimmermann
PerpetratorsBilderberg/Steering committee
Witnessed byJohn Micklethwait, Adrian Wooldridge, Maja Banck, Joao A. Estarreja, Michael J. Farren, Diemut Kastner
DescriptionThe 47th Bilderberg, 111 participants

The 1999 Bilderberg Meeting was the 47th such meeting and had participants from Europe, the United States and Canada. It was held at Sintra, Portugal. The 109 guests included 32 business executives, 27 politicians, 12 financiers, 10 editors/journalists and 9 academics. The next meeting was the 2000 Bilderberg.


The 1999 Bilderberg Agenda has not been leaked, but the website at Bilderberg Meetings has posted an agenda.

1. Kosovo

2. The US Political Scene

3. Current Controversies: Genetics and the Life Sciences

4. Redesigning the International Financial Architecture

5. The Social and Political Impacts on Emerging Markets of Recent Economic Events

6. NATO's future

7. The Relationship between Information Technology and Economic Policy

8. Current Events

9. Russia's Foreign Policy

10. How Durable is the Current Rosy Complexion of European Politics?

Premature deaths

Giannos Kranidiotis, three months after the meeting, died with his son in a freak air event, twenty minutes before the plane landed in Bucharest.[1]


James Tucker reported that the 1999 Bilderberg meeting was unusually widely covered by the international corporate media.[2] The UK magazine Big Issue of 15 November 1999 reported on the Bilderberg as follows:[3]

In the first of a two-part series, Gibby Zobel uncovers how the global power elite decides our future at the shadowy Bilderberg Summit each year. Documents from the secret summit - leaked to The Big Issue - reveal what they said about money and war.

For nearly 50 years an elite group of the West's most powerful men and women, a shadow world government, have met in secret. Tony Blair is in the club. Every US president since Ike Eisenhower has been too. So are top members of the British Government. So are the people who control what you watch and read - the media barons. Which is why you may never have heard of Bilderberg.

"Lines of black limousines, unmarked except for a 'B' on the windscreen, swept in, sometimes accompanied by police escorts, sometimes not," says an eyewitness of this year's meeting in Portugal. "A helicopter was overhead, and other security officers were prudently patrolling the hillsides. The policy on duty at the gates made it crystal clear that they were only the tip of the security iceberg."

For two-and-a-half days, relaxing in exclusive luxury amid vast armed security, the powerful leaders discussed past and future wars, a European superstate, a global currency, genetics, and the dismantling of the welfare state. Unaccountable, untroubled and unreported, the Bilderberg meetings have formed the basis of international policy for decades. Last year freelance journalist Campbell Thomas was arrested just for knocking on doors near the clandestine gathering in Turnberry, Scotland. He remained in custody for eight hours. Other journalists were told that even the Bilderberg menu was confidential (a move they named 'Kippergate'). A serving police officer told 'The Big Issue': "Special Branch and CIA were everywhere - they were calling the shots."

Never in its 47-year history has the content of these discussions been made public. Until now. The Big Issue has uncovered the Bilderberg Papers - the secret minutes of this year's meeting in Portugal. Some of it is banal, some of it sensational. It blows the lid off the thoughts of presidents, chairmen of multinational companies, world bankers, Nato chiefs and defence ministers.

The meetings are shrouded in such secrecy that Prime Minister Tony Blair, when asked last year in the House of Commons, failed to disclosed his own attendance at Bilderberg in Athens in 1993. So, what have they been hiding?

- Nato gave Russia carte blanche to bomb Chechnya

- 'Dollarisation' could be the the next step after the single European currency

- A senior British politician thinks New Labour is "consolidating the victories of the Right". On welfare cuts he adds: "It might be easier for somebody who claimed to be a socialist to impose change."

- After Kosovo Nato is in danger of mimicking a colonial power

Although 14 media chiefs and journalists from across eight countries attended this year, none of them chose to tell their readers of the meeting. It would not serve their interests to be cut out of the elite loop. With an invite-only guest-list, covert operations and such deafening silence, it is little surprise that conspiracy theories have thrived, from the anti-semites who believe in a Jewish global elite, to the paranoid delusions of the radical left. The effect has been to leave the importance of the meetings tainted by association. It suits the Bilderbergers perfectly.

The Bilderberg meetings began in a Dutch hotel on May 29 1954, from where it gets its name. 'The Economist', in a rare reference to it in 1987, said that the importance of the meetings was overplayed but admitted: "When you have scaled the Bilderberg, you have arrived."

At last year's meeting, former defence minister George Robertson, who is now Nato secretary-general, planned strategies with the Bilderberg chair and ex-Nato chief Lord Carrington. Observer editor-in-chief Will Hutton attended Bilderberg in 1997. He believes that it is the home of the "high priests of globalisation". "No policy is made here," he says, "it is all talk. But the consensus established is the backdrop against which policy is made worldwide."

The 64-page leaked document - The Bilderberg Papers - is dated August 1999. The powerful transatlantic clique at the private hideaway included new Northern Ireland secretary Peter Mandelson MP, environmentalist Jonathon Porritt, Kenneth Clarke MP, former US secretary of state Henry Kissinger, billionaire oil and banking tycoon David Rockefeller, Monsanto chief Robert B Shapiro, and the head of the World Bank, James D Wolfensohn.

Although Asian and African politics and economics were discussed the continents' countries had no seats at this summit. The official eight-strong UK delegation included bankers Martin Taylor, former chief executive of Barclay's and Eric Roll, a banker for Warburgs. They were joined by Martin Wolf of The Financial Times and two journalists from The Economist, John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge, who, the minutes indicate, prepared this document.

The papers are marked 'Not for Quotation'. It states: "There were 111 participants from 24 countries. All participants spoke in their personal capacity, not as representatives of their national governments or employers. As is usual at Bilderberg meetings, in order to permit frank and open discussion, no public reporting of the conference took place." None of the quotes in each of the 10 sections are directly attributable to any named individual, but the moderator and panellists in each discussion are listed. It is made perfectly clear, however, who is saying what. It is not known who else is in the audience, but their comments are identified by their country and profession.

Over two weeks, we report on the central themes of this year's meeting. This week: money and war. Next week: genetics - what the head of Monsanto and a leading British environmentalist discussed behind closed doors.

what they said about... money

Giants of the global banking world, in a debate titled Redesigning the International Financial Architecture, discussed the concept of 'dollarisation' which is sure to send euro-sceptics into a frenzy. Around the table were Kenneth Clarke MP, Martin S Feldstein, president of the National Bureau of Economic Research, Stanley Fisher [sic.], deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Ottmar Issing, board member of the European Central Bank and Jean Claude Trichet, governor of the Bank of France.

Bilderberg is understood to have been the birthplace of the single european currency. The deputy director of the IMF opens by remarking: "It is worth noting that this is the first Bilderberg meeting where the euro is fact rather than a topic for discussion."

During the discussion, "One of the panellists was sure that if the euro worked, more regional currencies would emerge. Others raised the question of dollarisation as a possible cure."

There is a dissenting voice:

"The only possible reason for surrendering control of your monetary policy to Washington (where nobody would make decisions on the basis of what mattered in Buenos Aires [or London]) is the fairly rotten financial records of the governments concerned." what they said about... war

Despite Tony Blair's presidential stance over Kosovo, Nato's historic war was pilloried at Bilderberg. "The mood at the meeting was surprisingly subdued... most of the speakers concentrated on the downside of the conflict," begins the discussion on Kosovo.

Henry Kissinger, former US secretary of state, weighs in, saying Kosovo "could be this generation's Vietnam". Nato is in danger of replacing the Ottoman and Habsburg Empires in a series of permanent protectorates, he said. Another panellist warned that troops could be there for 25 years. Kissinger felt that this left Nato open to accusations of colonialism. "How did one persuade countries like China, Russia and India that Nato's new mandate was not just a new version of 'the white man's burden' - colonialism?" asked Kissinger.

Charles D Boyd, executive director of the US National Study Group, said Kosovo is now a wasteland, a humanitarian disaster comparable with Cambodia. "Nato used force as a substitute for diplomacy rather than as a support for it... it used force in a way that minimised danger to itself but maximised danger to the people it was trying to protect."

An unnamed British politician "wondered whether the [Nato] alliance could hang together after the end of the war. He warned that "there would be little popular enthusiasm for putting lots of resources into solving the region's gigantic problems."

Peter Mandelson told the group that "two roads stretch in front of Nato. One leads to a new division of Europe, where the continent returns to its ethnocentric ways. Under this scenario, the UN is fairly powerless, Russia and China are excluded, and Nato is little more than an enforcer. The second road is a little closer to the nineteenth century Europe, with all the great powers - not just America and the EU, but Russia, China and Japan co-operating."

More details from the papers published in the Big Issue on November 22.


Known Participants

All 109 of the participants already have pages here:

Umberto AgnelliItalian business magnate with multiple deep state connections including the Bilderberg Steering committee.
Esperanza AguirrePresident of Madrid who resigned after her right hand man was imprisoned
Paul AllaireBilderberg Steering Committee member and board of the Council on Foreign Relations who headed Rank Xerox
Joaquim do AmaralPortuguese politician who attended the 1999 Bilderberg. Party-supported candidate for President in 2001, losing to fellow Bilderberger Jorge Sampaio.
Otto Wolff von AmerongenBilderberg Advisory Committee member, deep politician
Beatrix ArmgardFormer Dutch Queen. Survived 2009 Queen's Day Attack. In 1962 became the first woman to attend a Bilderberg meeting. Kicked a very heavy Bilderberg habit in 2015.
Percy BarnevikBilderberg Steering committee member in the Wallenberg Sphere
Evan BayhUS lawyer, lobbyist, and politician
Franco BernabèItalian banker and manager, Steering Committee of the Bilderberg
Carl BildtSwedish deep politician, serial Bilderberger and visitor to the MSC. Sitting on an impressive number of deep state related commissions.
Conrad BlackFraudulent Bilderberg steering committee member
Charles Boyd3 Bilderbergs, CFR, husband of Jessica Mathews
Kenneth ClarkeBilderberg Steering committee, The Other Club, UK politician. When former child actor Ben Fellows went public with accusations that Clarke had assaulted him, Fellows was prosecuted for "attempting to pervert the course of justice".
Kristin ClemetTriple Bilderberger Norwegian politician
Bertrand CollombConnected French businessman. 13 Bilderbergs.
Jon Corzine6 times Bilderberger financier
João Cardona G. CravinhoPortuguese government minister who attended the 1999 Bilderberg
George DavidGreek Cypriot entrepreneur, Bilderberg Steering committee.
Étienne DavignonBelgian deep politician, EU commissioner, Bilderberg chairman, Egmont Institute president
Christopher DoddUS lobbyist, lawyer and politician. MPAA CEO
Tom DonilonSpooky Bilderberger. Has advised the presidential campaigns of Jimmy Carter, Walter Mondale, Joe Biden, Michael Dukakis, Bill Clinton, Barack Obama, and Hillary Clinton, designing policy, managing conventions, preparing candidates for debates, and overseeing presidential transitions. His brothers are also deep state operatives.
Gazi ErcelTurkish central banker and 4 times Bilderberger
Sedat ErginEducated at Robert College. Hürriyet's Washington correspondent for six years. Worked for Turkish version of CNN.
Martin FeldsteinUS economist, Trilateral Commission, heavy Bilderberg habit towards the end of his life.
Stanley FischerIsraeli/US central banker and quad Bilderberger
Paolo FrescoItalian Bilderberg businessman. Ex Fiat Chairman
Francesco GiavazziItalian double Bilderberg economist
Peter GodsoeAttended the 1999 Bilderberg as Chairman and CEO of the Bank of Nova Scotia
Donald GrahamSon of Katharine Graham, TLC, Facebook, 10 Bilderbergs
Frank de GraveActing Mayor of Amsterdam in 1994. 1999 Bilderberg. Tried exposing a big Dutch bank to the De Nederlandsche Bank, was ignored initially. Became a member of the Council of State in 2018.
Eduardo Marçal GriloPortuguese politician. Attended the 1999 Bilderberg. From 2000 director of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.
Chuck HagelUS Secretary of Defense, Chairperson of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board
Victor HalberstadtA professor of economics, with a minimal Wikipedia page, who has attended all Bilderberg meetings since 1975.
Tom HedeliusDouble Bilderberg Swedish financier
Per Egil HeggeSpooky Norwegian journalist and editor
Peter HerrndorfCanadian media executive who attended the 1999 Bilderberg.
Jim HoaglandUS journalist whose Deep state connections include the CFR, Hoover Institution, Institute for Strategic Dialogue and 4 visits to the Bilderberg
Richard HolbrookeBilderberg/Steering committee, deep state operative
Jan HuyghebaertBelgian businessman, 11 Bilderbergs
Westye HøeghPresident of the Norwegian Shipowners' Association, Bilderberg Steering committee
Matías Rodríguez InciarteFormer Bilderberg Steering committee, Spanish banker and possibly deep politician
Otmar IssingTriple Bilderberger European central banker
Vernon JordanClose friend of Bill Clinton. A member of the Bilderberg Steering committee who attended 34 Bilderberg meetings.
Nikolai KamovBulgarian politician. 2002 Bilderberg
Henry KissingerUS deep politician, 40+ Bilderbergs, Nobel peace prize, war criminal
Hilmar KopperBilderberg/Steering committee, chairman of Deutsche Bank
Giannos KranidiotisA greek diplomat and politician who was killed together with his son in a "freak accident" 3 months after attending a Bilderberg meeting.
Marie-Josée KravisLike her husband, Henry Kravis, a billionaire multi-Bilderberger
Suna KıraçBilderberg Steering Committee paralysed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Jan LeschlyDanish Big Pharma executive who attended 3 Bilderbergs from 1998 to 2002
... further results



Maja Banck-PoldermanBilderberg Executive Secretary. Attended 7 Bilderbergs
Joao EstarrejaUnidentified "in attendance" at the 1999 Bilderberg
Michael FarrenFormer Deputy White House counsel and Bilderberger convicted of attempting to murder his wife
Diemut KastnerWorked for the Public Relations Department of Creditanstalt-Bankverein. "In attendance" at the 1988 and 1999 Bilderbergs
John MicklethwaitEditor of The Economist for 9 years then Bloomberg News
Adrian WooldridgeUK journalist and columnist. Regular "observer" at the Bilderberg for The Economist.
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