École nationale d'administration

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Group.png École nationale d'administration  
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Formation1945
HeadquartersStrasbourg, France

The École nationale d'administration (generally referred to as ÉNA; English: National School of Administration) is a French grande école, created in 1945 by French President, Charles de Gaulle, and principal author of the French Constitution, Michel Debré, to get a more merit based access to the senior civil service. The ENA selects and undertakes initial training of senior French officials. It is considered to be one of the most academically exceptional French schools, both because of its low acceptance rates and because a large majority of its candidates have already graduated from other elite schools in the country. Thus, within French society, the ENA stands as one of the main pathways to high positions in the public and private sectors.

Since its creation seventy years ago, the ENA has trained 5,600 senior French officials and 2,600 foreigners. Originally located in Paris, it has now been almost completely relocated to Strasbourg to emphasise its European character.


 

Alumni on Wikispooks

PersonBornDiedNationalitySummaryDescription
François Asselineau14 September 1957FrancePoliticianFrench politician campaigning on that France should leave the euro, the European Union, and NATO.
Jacques Attali1 November 1943FranceAuthor
Academic
Banker
Editor
Deep politician
French author and academic who attended the 1975 Bilderberg. Le siecle.
Audrey Azoulay4 August 1972FrancePoliticianUNESCO Director-General
Jean-Pierre Chevenement9 March 1939FrancePolitician
Jacques Chirac29 November 1932FrancePolitician
Fraudster
Jean-François Copé5 May 1964FrancePoliticianFrench politician
Fabrice Fries10 March 1960FranceBusiness executive
Valery Giscard d'Estaing2 February 19262 December 2020FrancePoliticianPresident of France, Bilderberg
François Hollande12 August 1954France
Lionel Jospin12 July 1937FrancePolitician
Sigrid Kaag2 November 1961NetherlandsDiplomat
Politician
Dutch diplomat and politician. Although an outspoken feminist, Kaag vocally opposed a public trial regarding dozen of reports of sexual abuse within her own party. A successful and career-diplomat, named by Geert Wilders as the "namesake of a runway at Schiphol Airport", she has attended two Bilderberg meetings.
Julian King22 August 1964UKDiplomat
Marc Ladreit de Lacharrière6 November 1940FranceBillionaire
Businessperson
Bilderberg Steering committee billionaire businessman
Bruno Le Maire15 April 1969FranceDiplomat
Politician
Financier
French Minister of Finance, Bilderberg
Jérôme Monod7 September 193018 August 2016FranceBusinessperson
Kajsa Ollongren28 May 1967Sweden
Netherlands
PoliticianSingle Bilderberg Dutch politician
François-Xavier Ortoli16 February 192530 November 2007FrancePoliticianTogether with Étienne Davignon he attended the founding meeting of the European Round Table of Industrialists in Paris in 1983.
Frédéric Oudéa3 July 1963FranceFinancier
Édouard Philippe28 November 1970FrancePoliticianAttended the 2016 Bilderberg. Became Prime Minister of France in 2017.
Stella Ronner-GrubačićNetherlandsDiplomat
Deep state operative
Dutch diplomat seen dining with a businessman convicted of money laundering.
Jean-Claude Trichet20 December 1942FranceEconomist
Civil servant
Central banker
Deep state operative
President of the European Central Bank, Governor of the Bank of France, Bilderberg Steering committee
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