The 1954 Bilderberg Meeting was the first Bilderberg meeting. It had participants from European countries and the United States. All were male. The 64 guests included 20 business executives, 22 politicians, 4 financiers, 2 editors/journalists and 3 academics. It was held at the Bilderberg Hotel in Oosterbeek, the Netherlands. The next one was the 1955 March meeting.
In August 1956 Józef Retinger completed an account of how the group was set up, in which he tracks the group's origins to 1952. He reportedly approached H.R.H. Prince Bernhard, Dr Paul Rykens and Paul van Zeeland "with the suggestion that we should organize some unofficial and private meetings to discuss the difficulties and dangers which were causing us so much anxiety. To these meetings we would invite influential and reliable people who carried the respect of those working in the field of national and international affairs and whose personal contact with men at the summit of public activity could help to smooth over these difficulties." On their advice, he approached a larger group of his friends, who met in Paris on 25 September 1952 and "discussed what could be done to improve American-European relations and on the initiative of M. van Zeeland we decided to set up a corresponding group in the United States." Retinger went to USA in November that year and organised a US contingent, under John Coleman. Together they organised the list of guests for the 1954 conference.
In mid April, 1954, the invited guests were sent personal invitations from Soetdijk Palace to "an unofficial international conference which is to be held in the Netherlands at the end of May" for "a candid exchange of views". They were signed by Prince Bernhard.
The "Hotel De Bilderberg" is located in Oosterbeek, a small town near Arnhem, which was the site of a major World War II battle. Bilderberg researcher Tony Gosling has suggested that this may have been a deliberate choice, an indirect reference to Operation Market Garden, which he sees as the deceit which deliberately prolonged World War II.
There were morning and afternoon meetings on all 3 days. On Saturday, 29th May, 10:00-13:00 and then 15:00-18:00. On Sunday, 11:00-13:00 and then 15:00-18:00. On Monday, 10:00-13:00 and then 14:30-18:00. "For reasons of convenience only the English and French languages" were used. The conference room was equipped for simultaneous interpretation into English and French. Secretaries were "made available to the participants on request to the Secretariat."
Notes On Discussion
Subsequent Bilderberg meetings issued a formal conference report, but no such is known to exist for the original Bilderberg conference. Instead, a set of typed notes records 21 pages of opinions expressed at the meeting. These notes are exceptional in that they attribute names to the comments they record. Concern about privacy probably caused this policy to be amended, to that subsequent conference reports instead attributed comments instead to "An American", "A German" etc.
According to the report, Antoine Pinay, Panagiotis Pipinelis, Alcide de Gasperi and P. Quaroni did not attend due to illness and P. H. Teitgen & Guy Mollet were both marked "unable to attend owing to an unforeseen and urgent meeting of his party regarding the EDC".
|The 1954 conference|
An audio recording of Prince Bernhard opening the conference was made, which was posted on YouTube. It is occasionally taken down due to claims of copyright infringement, but remains available. Photos were also taken, but are unknown for later conferences.
The Bilderberg meetings website (which is known to have omitted certain items) summarised the agenda as follows:
- The attitude towards communism and the Soviet Union
- The attitude towards dependent areas and peoples overseas
- The attitude towards economic policies and problems
- The attitude towards European integration and the European Defence Community
The report was leaked online.
|Robert André||Attended the first Bilderberg and 2 more, president of the "Syndicat de Petrole"|
|Ralph Assheton||Lord Clitheroe, Chairman of the Conservative Party in the 1940s, attended 2 Bilderbergs in the 1950s.|
|Guerin De Beaumont||Made French Minister of Justice soon after he attended the first Bilderberg. Died in 1955.|
|George Barry Bingham||US businessman who attended 2 more Bilderbergs in the 1950s after the first one|
|Pierre Bonvoisin||Attended the first Bilderberg and three more. Father of Benoît de Bonvoisin|
|Robert Boothby||British politician and UK deep state operative, Clermont Set, Bilderberg|
|Max Brauer||Mayor of Hamburg. One of a dozen men whom Józef Retinger consulted when setting up the Bilderberg|
|Raffaele Cafiero||Italian senator who attended two Bilderbergs in the 1950s|
|Walker Cisler||As well as the first Bilderberg, he attended the next four, and 3 more in the early 1960s, US businessman|
|Gardner Cowles||US media mogul|
|Clement Davies||Attended the first Bilderberg as Leader of the UK Liberal Party|
|Jean Drapier||Little known early triple Bilderberger Belgian lawyer|
|Roger Duchet||French politician who attended the first Bilderberg in 1954|
|Maurice Faure||French politician who co-signed the Treaty of Rome for France in 1957.|
|John Ferguson||US lawyer, attended the first Bilderberg and 7 others in the 1950s. US Ambassador to Morocco 1962-64|
|John Foster||US Nuclear physicist who attended the first Bilderberg and two more.|
|Oliver Franks||Bilderberg philosopher|
|Hugh Gaitskell||A UK Labour politician who reportedly died of a rare illness in hospital.|
|Gerhard P. Th. Geyer||Esso director who attended the 1st and 4th Bilderbergs|
|Colin Gubbins||Bilderberg invitee and spook|
|Denis Healey||Bilderberg Steering committee member, who attended 23 Bilderberg meetings.|
|H. M. Hirschfeld||Dutch economist/diplomat. Rapporteur in the attendance list of the first Bilderberg.|
|H. Montgomery Hyde||Spooky UK politician and lawyer who attended the first Bilderberg and one more.|
|Leif Höegh||Bilderberg Steering committee, as was his son|
|H. John Heinz II||34 Bilderberg meetings, Bilderberg Steering & Advisory Committees|
|C. D. Jackson||OSS, US Deep sate operative, first Bilderberg|
|Nelson Dean Jay||US deep state connected banker. First Bilderberg|
|George Perkins Jr||US diplomat who went to the first Bilderberg. US Permanent Representative to NATO in the 1950s|
|Panagiotis Kanellopoulos||Attended the first Bilderberg as Greek Defence Minister and former Greek Prime Minister. Also attended the 1956 Bilderberg.|
|V. J. Koningsberger||Dutch academic who attended the first Bilderberg meeting|
|Ole Bjørn Kraft||A Danish conservative politician whom Józef Retinger consulted when setting up the Bilderberg group|
|Paul Leverkuehn||German politician who went to the first Bilderberg and fourth Bilderbergs|
|Giovanni Malagodi||President of the Italian Senate, Attended the first Bilderberg and 8 others.|
|George McGhee||US ambassador, spook, Committee on the Present Danger, 12 Bilderbergs in the 1950s and 60s.|
|Finn Moe||Transatlantic and pro-EU Norwegian politician who attended the First Bilderberg and two more in the 1950s|
|Guy Mollet||One of a dozen men whom Józef Retinger consulted when setting up the Bilderberg group|
|Roger Motz||Belgian politician who attended 4 Bilderberg meetings in the 1950s, including the first one.|
|Rudolf Mueller||Consulted by Józef Retinger when setting up the Bilderberg group|
|George Nebolsine||Russian born naturalised US lawyer who attended all Bilderberg meetings until his death in 1964|
|Paul Nitze||US deep politician, hawkish United States Deputy Secretary of Defense.|
|Henk Oosterhuis||Attended the first Bilderberg as President of the Netherlands Federation of Trade Unions, and also the 1956 Bilderberg|
|Cola Parker||US businessman and John Birch Society leader who attended the 1st and 4th Bilderbergs|
|Harry Pilkington||Attended the first Bilderberg as President of the Federation of British Industries, and two more in the 1950s|
|Antoine Pinay||Multi-Bilderberg French deep politician, chairman and eponymous head of the Pinay Cercle|
|Alberto Pirelli||Italian businessman who attended the first Bilderberg and 7 others up to 1963|
|Etienne de la Vallee Poussin||Belgian politician who attended the first Bilderberg and three more in the 1950s|
|David Rockefeller||US deep politician. CFR founder. Only person to attend over 50 Bilderberg meetings.|
|Ludwig Rosenberg||German Chief of Department of Foreign Affairs of the Trade Unions. Attended two more Bilderbergs in the 1950s after the first one.|
|Paolo Rossi||President of Antimafia Commission, attended the first Bilderberg and the 1956 Bilderberg|
|Denis de Rougement||Attended the first 4 Bilderbergs. Promoted European federalism|
|... further results|
|B. H. M. Vlekke|
|E. G. Focke|
|J. Pomian||Multi-Bilderberg Polish nobleman who settled in the UK|
|G. E. Overweg|
|W. Veenstra||A director of the secretariat who was "in attendance" at the March 1955 Bilderberg.|