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|( 1880s: ) 1883|
The Brooklyn Bridge is opened, signalling the ascendancy of New York as a world metropolis
- January 16 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States civil service, is passed.
- March 20 – The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property is held.
- March 28 – Battle of Gia Cuc: A French force defeats a Vietnamese in northern Vietnam in the run-up to the Sino-French War.
- May 24 – Brooklyn Bridge is opened to traffic, after 13 years of construction.
- June 13 – Count Arvid Posse leaves office as Prime Minister of Sweden. He is succeeded by Carl Johan Thyselius, the first non-aristocrat (Swedish ; "ofrälse") to serve as Swedish head of government, and Prime Minister.
- June 28 – In Milan, Italy the first central European electricity power station is inaugurated.
- September 11 – Major Evelyn Baring becomes Consul-General of Egypt under British rule.
- October 30 – Two Clan na Gael dynamite bombs explode in the London Underground, injuring several people. The next day, Home Secretary Vernon Harcourt drafts 300 policemen to guard the underground, and introduces the Explosives Bill.
- November 18 – U.S. and Canadian railroads institute 5 standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
- December 16 - Tonkin Campaign: French forces capture the Sơn Tây citadel.
- December 21 - The Royal Canadian Dragoons and The Royal Canadian Regiment, the first Permanent Force cavalry and infantry regiments of the Canadian Army, are formed.
- German bacteriologist Robert Koch discovers the cholera bacillus.
- Otto von Bismarck pushes the first social security law through the Reichstag.
- The British Parliament considers a major bill to allow Indian judges to try Europeans in India. The British community rises in protest, and defeats the measure.
|University of Guayaquil||University||Traditionally left-wing politically active students|
|Cardiff University||Public||One of the ten largest UK universities.|
|University of North Dakota||Offers courses in unmanned aircraft systems operations|
|Auckland University||Public||the highest ranked New Zealand university|
|Marmara University||Public||A leading institution of higher education in Turkey for 124 years|
|UK Special Branch|
|Title||Born||Died||Place of death||Summary||Description|
|Richard Wagner||22 May 1813||13 February 1883||Songwriter||German composer, theater director, polemicist, and conductor, with large cultural influence|
|Karl Marx||5 May 1818||14 March 1883||London|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|William J. Donovan||1 January 1883||New York|
|8 February 1959||Spook|
|Clement Attlee||3 January 1883||Surrey|
|8 October 1967||Soldier|
|Gunnar Jahn||10 January 1883||31 January 1971||Economist|
|Chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee and Norwegian Central Bank|
|Compton Mackenzie||17 January 1883||West Hartlepool|
|30 November 1972||Author|
|Nelson Dean Jay||7 March 1883||US|
|6 June 1972||Financier||David Rockefeller said: “Dean Jay is important, if for no other reason, because he was one of the ten Americans to be invited to the first Bilderberg Conference.”|
|Joseph Stilwell||19 March 1883||Florida|
|12 October 1946||Soldier|
|Rui Ennes Ulrich||20 April 1883||Portugal|
|20 June 1966||Academic|
|Henricus Sneevliet||13 May 1883||Rotterdam||13 April 1942||Politician|
|John Maynard Keynes||5 June 1883||Cambridge|
|21 April 1946||Economist|
|Franz Kafka||3 July 1883||Prague|
|3 June 1924||Author||“Someone must have slandered Josef K., for one morning, without having done anything truly wrong, he was arrested.” ― Franz Kafka, The Trial|
|Vittorio Valletta||28 July 1883||10 August 1967||Businessperson||Bilderberg Steering committee member who attended 3 Bilderbergs in the 1950s as chairman of Fiat|
|Benito Mussolini||29 July 1883||Italy|
|28 April 1945||Soldier|
|Frederick Marquis||23 August 1883||Lancashire|
|14 December 1964||Politician|
|Norman Birkett||6 September 1883||Lancashire|
|10 February 1962||Politician|
|Cudbert Thornhill||4 October 1883||Tibet||1952||Spook|
|Harold Moulton||7 November 1883||US|
|14 December 1965||Economist|
|Thomas Elmer Braniff||6 December 1883||10 January 1954||Businessperson||US businessman killed in plane crash|