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|( 1890s: ) 1890|
- January 1 - The Kingdom of Italy establishes Eritrea as its colony, in the Horn of Africa.
- The United Mine Workers of America is founded.
- February 9 – The Weather Bureau is established, within the United States Department of Agriculture.
- March 1 - Léon Bourgeois succeeds Jean Antoine Ernest Constans, as French Minister of the Interior.
- March 20 – Kaiser Wilhelm II dismisses Otto von Bismarck.
- April 14 – At the First International Conference of American States, in Washington D.C., The Commercial Bureau of the American Republics is founded.
- May 1 – A coordinated series of mass rallies and one-day strikes is held throughout many cities and mining towns, in Europe and North America, to demand an eight-hour workday.
- June 16 – Royal Dutch Petroleum, as predecessor of Royal Dutch Shell, a major energy product and sales on worldwide, that founded in Netherlands.
- July 1
- Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty: Britain cedes the Heligoland islands (in the German Bight) to Germany, in return for protectorates over Wituland and the Sultanate of Zanzibar (the islands of Pemba and Unguja) in east Africa.
- 1890 Japanese general election: In the first general election for the House of Representatives of Japan, about 5% of the adult male population elect a lower house of the Diet of Japan, in accordance with the new Meiji Constitution of 1889.
- August – Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Alexander III meet at Narva.
- September 12 – Salisbury, Rhodesia is founded.
- November 23 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir, and his daughter Princess Wilhelmina becomes Queen, causing the end of the personal union of thrones with Luxembourg (which requires a male heir) so that Adolphe, Duke of Nassau becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
- November 29
- December 29 – Wounded Knee Massacre: At Wounded Knee, South Dakota, a Native American camp, the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment tries to disperse the non-violent "Ghost-Dance" which was promised to usher in a new era of power and freedom to Native Americans but is feared as a potential rallying tool for violent rebellion by some in the U.S. government. Shooting begins, and 153 Lakota Sioux and 25 troops are killed; about 150 flee the scene. This is the last tribe to be defeated and confined to a reservation as well as the beginning of the decline of both the American Indian Wars and the American frontier.
- William II of Prussia opposes Bismarck's attempt to renew the law outlawing the Social Democratic Party.
- American geostrategist Alfred Thayer Mahan publishes his influential book The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783.
- Francis Galton announces a statistical demonstration of the uniqueness and classifiability of individual human fingerprints.
|University of Lausanne||University||French-speaking Swiss university|
|University of Oklahoma|
|University of North Texas||Flagship state university|
|University of Tasmania||Public|
|Focus on maritime and Antarctic studies|
|Secret Elite||Secret Society||An early 20th century UK deep state. The pseudonym was coined by Jim Macgregor and Gerry Docherty for their 2013 book Hidden History to describe the people who effectively controlled UK foreign policy from about 1890 into the decade following World War I|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|Cola Parker||1890||28 June 1962||Lawyer|
|US businessman and John Birch Society leader who attended the 1st and 4th Bilderbergs|
|Stewart Menzies||30 January 1890||London||29 May 1968||Spook|
|Claro M. Recto||8 February 1890||Tiaong|
Captaincy General of the Philippines
|2 October 1960|
|Vyacheslav Molotov||9 March 1890||Russian Empire|
|8 November 1986|
|Frank Murphy||13 April 1890||United States|
|19 July 1949||Politician|
|Ho Chi Minh||19 May 1890||2 September 1969||Politician|
|Ferdinand Eberstadt||19 June 1890||11 November 1969||Lawyer|
Deep state operative
|Charles E. Wilson||18 July 1890||US|
|26 September 1961||Engineer|
|Harry L. Hopkins||17 August 1890||US|
|29 January 1946||Social worker|
Deep state operative
|Marriner Eccles||9 September 1890||United States|
|18 December 1977||Economist|
|Dwight D. Eisenhower||14 October 1890||United States|
|28 March 1969||Soldier|
|Former five-star general, supreme commander of NATO, Eisenhower was the US President who notably warned that "we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence... by the military–industrial complex."|
|George Seldes||16 November 1890||2 July 1995||Journalist|
|Joseph Dodge||18 November 1890||United States|
|2 December 1964||Financier|
|US financier and economic advisor who worked on the financial restructuring of Germany after World War II. Attended the 3rd and 4th Bilderbergs|
|Charles de Gaulle||22 November 1890||France|
|9 November 1970||Soldier|
- Hermann, Christoph: Capitalism and the Political Economy of Work Time, p. 113