Ángel Gurría

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Person.png Ángel Gurría   TwitterRdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(economist)
8410581059 0a0c5418ac k.jpg
Born8 May 1950
Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico
NationalityMexican
Alma materNational Autonomous University of Mexico, University of Leeds, Harvard
Member ofWEF/Board of Trustees
PartyRevolutionary Institutional Party
Former Secretary-General of the OECD. Member of Board of Trustees of the World Economic Forum. Part of the “prefiguration group” of the Forum on Information & Democracy a planned international censorship treaty

Employment.png OECD/Secretary-General

In office
1 June 2006 - 31 May 2021
DeputyUlrik Vestergaard Knudsen
Preceded byDonald Johnston
Succeeded byMathias Cormann

Employment.png Secretary of Finance and Public Credit of Mexico

In office
1 January 1998 - 30 November 2000
Appointed byErnesto Zedillo

Employment.png Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Mexico

In office
1 December 1994 - 31 December 1997
Appointed byErnesto Zedillo

José Ángel Gurría Treviño, also known as Ángel Gurría,[1] is a Mexican economist and diplomat. From 1 June 2006 to 31 May 2021, he was the secretary-general of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).[2]

He is a member of Board of Trustees of the World Economic Forum, central in the implementation of the COVID-agenda, including "building back better". As he left the OECD, he stated "the environment, climate change and the protection of nature must be the defining tasks of rich and major developing countries now and in the years to come" and "urging countries to consider attaching environmental conditions to bailouts where appropriate"[3].

Since leaving the OECD, he is part of the “prefiguration group” of the Forum on Information & Democracy a planned international censorship treaty that will "require the promotion of “reliable information” and enshrine "the link between freedom of opinion and factual truths," as defined by governments and corporate fact checkers.

Early life and education

Born in Tampico, Tamaulipas, Gurría graduated with a bachelor's degree in Economics from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and undertook postgraduate studies at the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom and at Harvard University in the United States.

Besides his native Spanish, Gurría speaks French, English, Portuguese, Italian and German.[4]

Career

Early career

Gurría served in the financial area of Mexico’s Federal Electricity Commission (CFE), National Development Bank (Nafinsa), Rural Development Fund, and the Office of the Mayor of Mexico City from 1968 to 1976. From 1976 to 1978, Gurría served as Mexico’s Permanent Representative to the International Coffee Organization (IFO), based in London. In the 1980, Gurría was Mexico's lead negotiator on restructuring its foreign debt.[5]

Gurría served as President and CEO of the Foreign Trade Bank (Bancomext) from 1992 until 1993.[citation needed]

Career in Mexican politics

Gurría served as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs (1994–1997) in the Ernesto Zedillo administration.[6] In this capacity, he also negotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and requested financial aid during the 1994 crisis. Also, he opposed the Helms-Burton Act.

As Secretary of Finance (1998–2000),[7] Gurría oversaw the initial years of Mexico's membership in the OECD and chaired the organization's ministerial council in 1999.[8] Gurría restructured the Mexican economy, partially by cutting government spending six times during the Zedillo administration.

After leaving government office, Gurría taught International Relations and Financial Economics at the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM). From 2003 to 2005 he chaired the Inter-American Development Bank's External Advisory Group.[9]

Secretary-General of OECD

In 2005, Gurría emerged at the head of a crowded field of candidates, including former Polish Prime Minister Marek Belka, to succeed Donald Johnston of Canada as the OECD secretary general. In the process, he underwent about 150 interviews in all member countries over the several months to win the backing of governments and OECD officials.[10] During his initial two terms, countries such as Chile, Estonia, and Israel joined the organization.[11] On 26 May 2015, the 34 member countries of the OECD decided to renew Gurría's mandate for the period 2016–2021.[12]

Stakeholder capitalism

Since 2010, Gurría has been also serving as a Commissioner for the Broadband Commission for Digital Development which leverages broadband technologies as a key enabler for social and economic development.[13] He also belonged to the United Nations Secretary General’s Global Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation, chaired by former Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto of Japan.

Since leaving the OECD, he is part of the “prefiguration group” Forum on Information & Democracy a planned international censorship treaty that will "require the promotion of “reliable information” and enshrine "the link between freedom of opinion and factual truths," as defined by governments and corporate fact checkers.[14]

Building back better

Gurría is a proponent of WEF leader Klaus Schwab's stakeholder capitalism and a corporate takeover of the state with public-private partnerships[15]: "To address the global challenges that have been amplified by the COVID-19 pandemic, the public and private sectors will have to collaborate much more closely....Business for Inclusive Growth (B4IG), a strategic partnership between the OECD and 35 major global companies, is one major initiative seeking to change how business is done....Together with the OECD’s Centre on Well-being, Inclusion, Sustainability, and Equal Opportunity (WISE), the coalition is exploring how non-financial performance indicators – such as stakeholder well-being and environmental footprints – can be incorporated into business models...Public-private partnerships are essential for a strong, inclusive recovery and tackling the intersecting challenges that we face. Today’s global problems demand fresh thinking about the roles of businesses, governments, and civil society, and about how they can best work together."[16]

Other activities

Recognition

Gurría is a recipient of many honorary degrees, from the Universidad de Valle de México, Rey Juan Carlos University, European Universities of Leeds, Haifa, and Bratislava.[22]

In 2007, Gurría was the first recipient of the Globalist of the Year Award of the Canadian International Council to honour his effort as a global citizen to promote trans-nationalism, inclusiveness and a global consciousness.[23] His award include the Ben Gurion Leadership Award, the Award Isidro Fabela by the Mexican Association of International Studies, The Nueva Economía Award, the Orden Bernardo O'Higgins en el Grado de Gran Cruz, and the Medalla Rectorial from the University of Chile.[citation needed]



 

Event Participated in

EventStartEndLocation(s)Description
WEF/Annual Meeting/202021 January 202024 January 2020World Economic Forum
Switzerland
This mega-summit of the world's ruling class and their political and media appendages happens every year, but 2020 was special, as the continuous corporate media coverage of COVID-19 started more or less from one day to the next on 20/21 January 2020, coinciding with the start of the meeting.


References

  1. http://www.oecd.org/document/62/0,3746,en_2649_201185_35768574_1_1_1_1,00.html
  2. https://books.google.com/books?id=F61_AgAAQBAJ&q=angel+gurria+was+awarded+by+the+french+government&pg=PA41
  3. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2021/feb/17/oecd-chief-angel-gurria-environment-covid-price-carbon
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20110615060803/http://www2.eluniversal.com.mx/pls/impreso/noticia.html?id_nota=46699&tabla=finanzas
  5. Jonathan Fuerbringer (18 May 1989), Mexico Reaches Accord On World Bank Loan New York Times.
  6. https://www.thebusinessyear.com/mexico-2015/leading-the-way/interview
  7. Julia Preston (6 January 1998), Foreign Minister of Mexico Is Named Finance Minister New York Times.
  8. OECD names a new chief New York Times, 25 November 2005.
  9. https://web.archive.org/web/20181014091340/https://www.cgdev.org/files/5818_file_New_Era_for_at_the_IDB_Report_web_1.20.06.pdf
  10. James Kanter (30 November 2005), Mexican plans to raise OECD's low profile New York Times.
  11. Ferdinando Giugliano (26 May 2015), OECD reappoints Angel Gurría as chief Financial Times.
  12. =http://www.oecd.org/newsroom/members-renew-angel-gurrias-mandate-at-the-helm-of-the-oecd.htm
  13. https://web.archive.org/web/20100514094219/http://www.broadbandcommission.org/commissioners.html
  14. https://informationdemocracy.org/2021/11/13/8-international-figures-join-angel-gurria-shoshana-zuboff-to-create-the-observatory-on-information-and-democracy/
  15. https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/new-business-models-for-sustainable-inclusive-economy-by-angel-gurria-2021-09
  16. https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/new-business-models-for-sustainable-inclusive-economy-by-angel-gurria-2021-09
  17. Governing Board OECD/UNDP Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB).
  18. International Advisory Council Bocconi University.
  19. http://www.thedialogue.org/experts/jose-angel-gurria/%7Ctitle=Inter-American Dialogue
  20. Advisory Board Reimagine Europa.
  21. World Economic Forum Appoints Two New Members to Board of Trustees World Economic Forum, press release of 24 January 2020.
  22. http://www.oecd.org/about/secretary-general/angel-gurria-cv.htm
  23. https://www.ineteconomics.org/research/experts/agurria%7C


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