University of Copenhagen
| University of Copenhagen |
|Motto||Coelestem adspicit lucem|
|Central university for the Danish state|
The University of Copenhagen (UCPH) (Københavns Universitet) is a public research university in Copenhagen, Denmark. Founded in 1479, the University of Copenhagen is the second-oldest university in Scandinavia, and ranks as one of the top universities in the Nordic countries and Europe.
Its establishment sanctioned by Pope Sixtus IV, the University of Copenhagen was founded by Christian I of Denmark as a Catholic teaching institution with a predominantly theological focus. Up until the 18th century, the university was primarily concerned with educating clergymen. Through various reforms in the 18th and 19th century, the University of Copenhagen was transformed into a modern, secular university, with science and the humanities replacing theology as the main subjects studied and taught.
The University of Copenhagen consists of six different faculties, with teaching taking place in its four distinct campuses, all situated in Copenhagen. The university operates 36 different departments and 122 separate research centres in Copenhagen, as well as a number of museums and botanical gardens in and outside the Danish capital. The University of Copenhagen also owns and operates multiple research stations around Denmark, with two additional ones located in Greenland. Additionally, The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences and the public hospitals of the Capital and Zealand Region of Denmark constitute the conglomerate Copenhagen University Hospital.
A number of prominent scientific theories and schools of thought are namesakes of the University of Copenhagen. The famous Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics was conceived at the Niels Bohr Institute, which is part of the university.<refhttps://www.nbi.ku.dk/english/www/institute/History/The_Copenhagen_Interpretation/</ref> The Department of Political Science birthed the Copenhagen School of Security Studies, which is also named after the university. Others include the Copenhagen School of Theology and the Copenhagen School of Linguistics.
As of October 2020, 39 Nobel laureates and 1 Turing Award laureate have been affiliated with the University of Copenhagen as students, alumni or faculty. Alumni include one president of the United Nations General Assembly and at least 24 prime ministers of Denmark. The University of Copenhagen fosters entrepreneurship, and between 5 and 6 start-ups are founded by students, alumni or faculty members each week.
Notable alumni (chronological order)
- Tycho Brahe (1546–1601), Danish astronomer, first scientific documentation of supernovas, mentor of Johannes Kepler.
- Thomas Fincke (1561–1656), Danish mathematician and physicist.
- Caspar Bartholin (1585–1629), professor in medicine and theology. Author of textbooks on anatomy and the discoverer of the workings of the olfactory nerve.
- Olaus Wormius (1588–1655), Danish physician and antiquarian.
- Thomas Bartholin (1616–1680), discoverer of the lymphatic system.
- Rasmus Bartholin (1625–1698), professor in geometry and medicine. Discovered birefringence, but was unable to give a scientific explanation.
- Thomas Hansen Kingo (1634–1703), Danish bishop and poet.
- Nicholas Steno (1638–1696), a pioneer in anatomy and geology.
- Ole Rømer (1644–1710), Danish astronomer, made the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light.
- Peder Horrebow (1679–1764), Danish astronomer and member of Académie des Sciences.
- Ludvig Holberg (1684–1754), Danish-Norwegian writer and playwright.
- Morten Thrane Brunnich (1737–1827), Danish zoologist.
- Caspar Wessel (1745–1818), mathematician.
- Martin Vahl (1749–1804), Danish-Norwegian botanist and zoologist.
- Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), Danish physicist and chemist, discovered electromagnetism.
- Anders Sandøe Ørsted (1778–1860), Danish lawyer and prime minister of Denmark (1853–1854).
- Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger (1779–1850), poet, author of lyrics of the Danish national anthem Der er et yndigt land.
- N. F. S. Grundtvig (1783–1872), Danish writer, poet, philosopher and priest.
- Christopher Hansteen (1784–1873), Norwegian astronomer and physicist.
- Johan Ludvig Heiberg (1791–1860), Danish poet and critic.
- Magnús Eiríksson (1806–1881), Icelandic theologian.
- Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), Danish theologian and philosopher, the father of existentialism.
- Anders Sandøe Ørsted (1816–1872), professor of botany 1851–1862.
- Hinrich Johannes Rink (1819–1893), Danish geologist, and founder of the first Greenlandic language newspaper.
- Peter Ludvig Panum (1820–1885), Danish physiologist and pathologist, the Panum Building in Copenhagen is named in his honor.
- Hans Schjellerup (1827–1887), Danish astronomer.
- Carl Lange (1834–1900), Danish physician.
- Thorvald N. Thiele (1838–1910), Danish astronomer, actuary and mathematician.
- Julius Petersen (1839–1910), Danish mathematician.
- Eugenius Warming (1841–1924), Danish botanist and founding figure of ecology.
- Georg Brandes (1842–1927), Danish writer and critic.
- Vilhelm Thomsen (1842–1927), Danish linguist.
- Harald Høffding (1843–1931), Danish philosopher theologian psychologist.
- Hans Christian Gram (1853–1938), Danish bacteriologist, inventor of Gram staining.
- Christian Bohr (1855–1911), Danish physician who described Bohr effect.
- Wilhelm Johannsen (1857–1927), Danish botanist, first coined the word gene in its modern usage.
- Niels Ryberg Finsen (1860–1904), Nobel laureate in medicine (1903).
- Otto Jespersen (1860–1943), Danish linguist, co-founder of the International Phonetic Association.
- Kirstine Meyer (1861–1941), Danish physicist.
- Hannes Hafstein (1861–1922), Icelandic politician and poet.
- Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger (1867–1928), Nobel laureate in medicine (1926).
- Holger Pedersen (1867–1953), Danish linguist.
- S. P. L. Sørensen (1868–1939), Danish chemist who introduced the concept of pH.
- Martin Knudsen (1871–1949), Danish physicist.
- August Krogh (1874–1949), Nobel laureate in medicine (1920).
- Holger Scheuermann (1877–1960), Danish surgeon after whom Scheuermann's disease is named.
- Kirstine Smith (1878–1939), Danish statistician credited with creation of optimal design of experiments.
- Benjamin Christensen (1879–1959), Danish film director, screenwriter and actor.
- Niels Bohr (1885–1962), contributed to development of the atomic model and quantum mechanics. Director at the university's Institute of Theoretical Physics. Nobel laureate in physics (1922).
- Øjvind Winge (1886–1964), Danish biologist.
- Harald Bohr (1887–1951), Danish Olympic silver medalist football player and mathematician; brother of Niels Bohr.
- Inge Lehmann (1888–1993), Danish seismologist discovering the Earth's inner core.
- Jakob Nielsen (1890–1959), Danish mathematician.
- Julie Vinter Hansen (1890–1960), Danish astronomer.
- Oskar Klein (1894–1977), Swedish theoretical physicist.
- Henrik Dam (1895–1976), Nobel laureate in medicine (1943).
- Sir Ove Arup (1896–1988), Anglo-Danish structural engineer.
- Alf Ross (1899–1979), Danish legal philosopher.
- Louis Hjelmslev (1899–1965), Danish linguist, founder of Copenhagen School.
- Anton Frederik Bruun (1901-1961), Danish oceanographer.
- Georg Rasch (1901–1980), Danish mathematician, statistician, and psychometrician.
- Knud Ejler Løgstrup (1905–1981), Danish philosopher and theologian. Pastor at Sandager-Holevad 1936–1943. Professor at University of Aarhus 1943–1975.
- Piet Hein (1905–1996), Danish mathematician, inventor and poet.
- Bengt Strömgren (1908–1987), Danish astronomer and astrophysicist.
- Hilde Levi (1909–2003), German-Danish physicist.
- Niels Kaj Jerne (1911–1994), Nobel laureate in medicine (1984).
- Preben von Magnus (1912-1973), Danish virologist who gave name to the Von Magnus phenomenon.
- Jens Otto Krag (1914–1978), prime minister of Denmark (1962–1968, 1971–1972).
- Poul Hartling (1914–2000), prime minister of Denmark (1973–1975) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (1978-1985), Nobel Peace Prize laureate on behalf of UNHCR(1981).
- Bjørn Aage Ibsen (1915-2007), Anesthetist and founder of intensive-care medicine
- Poul Bjørndahl Astrup (1915-2000), Danish clinical chemist, inventor of blood gas analyzer.
- Jens Christian Skou (born 1918), Nobel laureate in chemistry (1997) for his discovery of Na+,K+-ATPase.
- Hans H. Ørberg (1920–2010), linguist and scholar.
- Aage Bohr (1922–2009), professor in nuclear physics and director of the Niels Bohr Institute at the university. Nobel laureate in physics (1975).
- Halfdan T. Mahler (born 1923), Director-General of World Health Organization(1973–1988).
- Ólafía Einarsdóttir (1924-2017), first person from Iceland to earn a degree in archaeology
- Ben Roy Mottelson (born 1926), American-born Danish nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate in physics (1975).
- Peter Naur (1928-2016), computer scientist, Turing Award in 2005.
- Poul Schlüter (born 1929), prime minister of Denmark (1982–1993).
- Vigdís Finnbogadóttir (born 1930), the 4th President of Iceland (1980–1996).
- Ozer Schild (1930-2006), Danish-born Israeli academic, President of the University of Haifa and President of the College of Judea and Samaria ("Ariel College").
- Jørgen Rischel (1934–2007), Danish linguist who analyzed Greenlandic and Mon-Khmer languages.
- Per Kirkeby (born 1938), Danish painter and sculptor.
- Per Pinstrup-Andersen (born 1939), Danish economist, 2001 World Food Prize laureate.
- Søren Johansen (born 1939), Danish econometrician.
- Lasse Hessel (born 1940), inventor of female condom.
- Anders Boserup (1940 – 1990), co-founder of the Danish Institute for Peace and Conflict Research and the Nordic Peace Foundation.
- Aage B. Sørensen (1941–2001), Danish sociologist.
- Holger Bech Nielsen (born 1941), Danish physicist, one of three creators of string theory.
- Jørgen Haugan (born 1941), Doctorate in Philosophy (1977); Norwegian author and lecturer.
- Poul Nyrup Rasmussen (born 1943), prime minister of Denmark (1993–2001).
- Niels Peter Lemche (born 1945), biblical scholar, founder of Copenhagen School.
- Mogens Lykketoft (born 1946), Danish politician, the 70th President of the United Nations General Assembly(2015-2016).
- Halldór Ásgrímsson (born 1947), prime minister of Iceland (2004–2006).
- Uffe Haagerup (born 1949), Danish mathematician.
- Peter Høeg (born 1957), Danish fiction writer, won international acclaim with Smilla's Sense of Snow.
- Morten Frost (born 1958), Danish world-class badminton player and coach.
- Mads Tofte (born 1959), computer scientist, vice chancellor of IT University of Copenhagen.
- Ole Wæver (born 1960), scholar of International Relations, one of exponents of Copenhagen School.
- Steve Scully (born 1960), American host, senior producer, and political editor of the C-SPAN network's Washington Journal studied at the University of Copenhagen as part of his master's program at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois.
- Corinna Cortes (born 1961), computer scientist.
- Lars Løkke Rasmussen (born 1964), prime minister of Denmark (2009–2011, 2015–2019).
- Lars Mikkelsen (born 1964), Danish actor.
- Bjørn Lomborg (born 1965), Danish economist, author of The Skeptical Environmentalist.
- Helle Thorning-Schmidt (born 1966), prime minister of Denmark (2011–2015).
- Marie-Louise Nosch (born 1970), archaeologist; Professor in the university's Saxo Institute
- Eskild Ebbesen (born 1972), Danish world-class lightweight rower.
- Høgni Reistrup (born 1984), MA in Media Studies 2010 from the University of Copenhagen, co-writer of the book Exit Føroyar which created much debate in Denmark and the Faroe Islands about the decreasing population in the Faroe Islands.
Alumni on Wikispooks
|Bodil Nyboe Andersen||9 October 1940||Denmark||Central banker||Danish central banker who pushed for introduction of the euro. Daughter of Bilderberger Poul Nyboe Andersen and attended 3 Bilderberg meetings herself. Trilateral Commission.|
|Ida Auken||22 April 1978||Denmark||Politician||In a Marie Antoinette moment, she wrote for the World Economic Forum: "Welcome to 2030. I own nothing, have no privacy, and life has never been better".|
|Sucharit Bhakdi||1 November 1946||Thailand|
|One of the first and most important protesters against Covid-19 misinformation|
|Ritt Bjerregaard||19 May 1941||Denmark||Politician||Double Bilderberg Danish politician|
|Stine Bosse||21 December 1960||Denmark||Single Bilderberg Danish businesswoman|
|Henrik Breitenbauch||Academic||II connected Danish academic|
|Jeppe Christiansen||November 1959||Denmark||Businessperson||Danish financier, businessman|
|Christian Dyvig||11 October 1964||Denmark||Lawyer|
|Danish Bilderberger lawyer. Son of Peter Dyvig|
|Peter Dyvig||23 February 1934||January 2020||Denmark||Diplomat||Danish diplomat|
|Merete Eldrup||4 August 1963||Denmark||Editor||Danish corporate media CEO, wife of Bilderberg Steering Committee member Anders Eldrup|
|Uffe Ellemann-Jensen||1 November 1941||Denmark||Politician||Started more offensive military/soft power posture as Danish Foreign Minister. 8 Bilderbergs, candidate for NATO General-Secretary.|
|Lars Findsen||17 September 1964||Denmark||Spook||Head of the Danish Defence Intelligence service. Suspended in 2020 after spying on intelligence supervision board members, and withholding or lying about key information of other criminal activity.|
|Poul Hartling||14 August 1914||30 April 2000||Denmark||Politician||1969 Bilderberg. Prime Minister of Denmark in the 1970s.|
|Connie Hedegaard||15 October 1960||Denmark||Politician||Danish politician, multi-Bilderberger|
|Lars Hedegaard||19 September 1942||Author|
|Erik Hoffmeyer||25 December 1924||21 August 2016||Denmark||Academic|
|Danish academic and central bank governor for 29 years who attended the 1982 Bilderberg|
|Jens Kampmann||30 March 1937||Denmark||Politician|
|Danish politician and son of former PM.|
|Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen||14 February 1969||Denmark||Diplomat||Danish diplomat|
|Hans Koch||Denmark||Danish Bilderberg bureaucrat. President of Executive Board of the Danish Atomic Energy Commission|
|Bo Lidegaard||23 January 1958||Denmark||Journalist|
|Danish editor and diplomat|
|Mogens Lykketoft||9 January 1946||Denmark||Diplomat|
|Jacob Mchangama||1978||Denmark||Lawyer||Danish lawyer who attended the 2012 Bilderberg|
|Søren Pind||20 November 1969||Denmark||Politician|
|Attended the 2016 Bilderberg as Danish Minister of Justice|
|Lars Løkke Rasmussen||15 May 1964||Politician|
|Poul Nyrup Rasmussen||15 June 1943||Denmark||Politician||Danish politician who attended the 2010 Bilderberg|
|Steen Riisgaard||22 March 1951||Denmark||Businessperson|
|CEO of the Denmark-based biotech company Novozymes, the world’s largest producer of industrial enzymes. “Sugar will be the new oil”|
|Erik Seidenfaden||24 April 1910||13 April 1990||Denmark||Spook|
|SOE-agent during World War 2, then influential editor.|
|Niels Thygesen||13 December 1934||Denmark||Academic||Danish academic, member of the Delors committee who attended the 1988 Bilderberg when he was member of the Executive Committee of the Trilateral Commission.|
|Margrethe Vestager||13 April 1968||Denmark||Politician||Danish Bilderberer appointed Executive Vice President of the European Commission for A Europe Fit for the Digital Age in December 2019|
|Lea Wermelin||10 May 1985||Denmark||Politician||Danish cabinet minister; WEF/Young Global Leaders 2021|
|Kurt Westergaard||13 July 1935||14 July 2021||Denmark||Artist||The Danish cartoonist involved in the 2005 Muhammad depiction controversy.|
- https://about.ku.dk/visit/museums/ Retrieved July 24, 2020.
- https://research.ku.dk/areas/ Retrieved July 24, 2020.
- https://www.science.ku.dk/fakultetet/organisation/feltstationer/ (in Danish). Retrieved July 24, 2020.
- Larsen, Jørgen Falck; Engelbrecht, Nils: Københavns Universitetshospital in 'Den Store Danske' at https://denstoredanske.lex.dk/K%C3%B8benhavns_Universitetshospital (in Danish). Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- https://about.ku.dk/facts-figures/value-for-society/%7Cpublisher=University of Copenhagen