Nobel Peace Prize
|Nobel Peace Prize|
The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. Since December 1901, it has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".
According to Alfred Nobel's will, the recipient is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a five-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Since 1990, the prize is awarded on 10 December in Oslo City Hall each year. The prize was formerly awarded in the Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law (1947–89), the Norwegian Nobel Institute (1905–46), and the Parliament (1901–04).
Due to its political nature, the Nobel Peace Prize has, for most of its history, been the subject of controversies.
Recipients who met untimely deaths
Nobel Peace Prize recipient:
- Carl von Ossietzky died in the Nordend hospital in Berlin-Pankow on 4 May 1938 in police custody.
- Anwar Sadat and
- Yitzhak Rabin were also assassinated.
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