| Anti-communism |
|Interest of||• Anders Breivik|
• Henri Deterding
• Baymirza Hayit
• House and Senate Taiwan Caucus
• Bernard-Henri Lévy
• National Committee for a Free Europe
• Leonard Schapiro
• Greg Sheridan
• Axel Springer
• Franz Josef Strauß
• Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation
• William Walker
|Anti-communism has been the driving force behind a large amount of activities registered in Wikispooks, including activities of intelligence services, funding of activities, and motivation for deep state groups and individual deep state operators.|
Anti-communism is political and ideological opposition to communism. Organized anti-communism developed after the 1917 October Revolution in Russia and it reached global dimensions during the Cold War, when the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in an intense rivalry.
Anti-communism has been the driving force behind a large amount of activities registered in Wikispooks, including activities of intelligence services, funding of activities, and motivation for deep state groups and individual deep state operators.
Anti-communism has been an element of movements which hold many different political positions, including conservatism, fascism, liberalism, nationalism, social democracy, anarchism, libertarianism, and the anti-communist left.
The first organization which was specifically dedicated to opposing communism was the Russian White movement which fought in the Russian Civil War starting in 1918 against the recently established Bolshevik government. The White movement was militarily supported by several allied foreign governments which represented the first instance of anti-communism as a government policy. Nevertheless, the Red Army defeated the White movement and the Soviet Union was created in 1922. During the existence of the Soviet Union, anti-communism became an important feature of many different political movements and governments across the world.
In the United States, anti-communism came to prominence during the First Red Scare of 1919–1920. During the 1920s and 1930s, opposition to communism in Europe was promoted by conservatives, fascists, liberals, and social democrats. Fascist governments rose to prominence as major opponents of communism in the 1930s. In 1936, the Anti Comintern Pact, initially between Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan, was formed as an anti-communist alliance. In Asia, the Empire of Japan and the Kuomintang (the Chinese Nationalist Party) were the leading anti-communist forces in this period.
During World War II, the communist Soviet Union was among major Allied nations fighting the Axis Powers. Shortly after the end of World War II, rivalry between the Marxist–Leninist Soviet Union and liberal-capitalist United States resulted in the Cold War. During this period, the United States government played a leading role in supporting global anti-communism as part of its containment policy. Military conflicts between Communists and anti-Communists occurred in various parts of the world, including during the Chinese Civil War, the Korean War, the Malayan Emergency, the Vietnam War, the Soviet–Afghan War and Operation Condor. NATO was founded as an anti-communist military alliance in 1949, and continued throughout the Cold War.
After the Revolutions of 1989 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, most of the world's Marxist–Leninist governments were overthrown, and the Cold War ended. Nevertheless, anti-communism remains an important intellectual element of many contemporary political movements. Organized anti-communist movements (with continued CIA funding) remain in opposition to People's Republic of China and other Communist nations.
- Full article: Cold War
- Full article: Cold War
- Full article: McCarthyism
- Full article: McCarthyism
- Full article: Le Cercle
- Full article: Le Cercle
|1959||“In August 1959, ['Cees'] Van den Heuvel set up a foundation for research into human ecology based in the Hague. The title is indicative, if not conclusive: in 1955, the CIA had founded a Society for the Study of Human Ecology which changed name in 1961 to become the Human Ecology Fund. Both American organizations were funding conduits for the CIA's MK-ULTRA programme of research into mind control and brainwashing. Van den Heuvel's human ecology foundation would soon change titles to the Oost-West Stichting (East-West Foundation), which received funding from the BVD. According to an Italian secret service (SIFAR) report dated October 1963, the BVD funded a meeting in Barbizon near Paris on 5th - 8th October 1961 where "the participants decided to unite all efforts and initiatives of the struggle against Communism within a new organization and place these on a serious and expert footing."”||David Teacher|
|Karl-Friedrich Grau||“Federal Secretary of PEU Germany until 1975, was one of the shadier figures within the CDU, acting as a bag-man for illegal election fund contributions from various foundations for both the CDU and for its Bavarian sister party, Strauss's CSU. Grau acquired a considerable reputation for the ruthless tactics he used to support the conservative cause; he ran several smear and disinformation campaigns for the CDU/CSU through a network of anti-communist propaganda groups which he controlled. The first group in this network was the Studiengesellschaft für staatspolitische Öffentlichkeitsarbeit (Study Group on Political Communication), founded in Frankfurt in 1958 by Grau and CDU member Dr. Walter Hoeres. The Study Group's stated goal was to give "reliable and effective information and revelations about powers and their plans to destroy the fundaments of our Christian, free, democratic social organization" and to "strengthen and reinforce the free, democratic State and social form, and to coordinate all efforts and measures to defend it against all kinds of totalitarianism". As "the largest and most influential of the political front groups within the Federal Republic", the Frankfurt Study Group and Grau's other groups would be major German disinformation outlets throughout the 1970s and would act as German relays for the Cercle complex’s counter-subversion operations.”||David Teacher|
|Parastate||“The immediate concern of the United States was Europe, where it appeared that the French and Italian communist parties might be elected to power in 1948. From the beginning of the postwar era, Washington looked for assets and proxy armies of its own to combat the threat perceived from the Soviet Union and China. Some of these proxies like the the nationalist Chinese Kuomintang (KMT) troops in Burma or the Mafia's in Italy and Marseilles soon outgrew their US support to become de facto regional players or parastates, exhibiting some but not all of the properties of states in their own right. From 1945-1947, elements in the US army conspired to maintain contacts with former German anti-communists in Europe and their German army commander, General Reinhard Gehlen. 5 men were involved of whom 3 (William J. Donovan, Allen Dulles and Frank Wisner) were representatives of the Wall St. overworld and also of the New York Social Register which listed the members of New York high society. They were awaiting a new agency to succeed Donovan's Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and take over the Nazi's ethnic armies in Eastern Europe. But the idea of a centralised intelligence agency encountered fierce competitive opposition from the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover who was backed at first by elements of Army intelligence. Although it took 2 years to overcome their opponents, the Wall Street lawyers and bankers in Truman's administration succeeded in 1947 in establishing CIA, which would report to the president through the new National Security Council (NSC). This new agency, based on the precedent and personnel of the OSS had been urged on Washington by the War/Peace studies of the Council of Foreign Relations in the early 1940s. It was reinforced by a report commissioned in 1945 by Navy Secretary James V. Forrestal. The report was written by Ferdinand Eberstadt who like Forrestal was a private Wall Street banker from the investment bank, Dylan Reed. As CIA director Richard Helms narrates in his memoirs Allen Dulles, then a Republican lawyer in Sullivan and Cromwell in New York was recruited in 1946 to draft proposals for the shape and direction what was to become the new CIA. in 1947 Dulles promptly formed an advisory group of 6 men, all but one of whom were Wall St investment bankers or lawyers.”||Peter Dale Scott|
- Anti-Comintern Pact. (2021). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://academic-eb-com.access.library.miami.edu/levels/collegiate/article/Anti-Comintern-Pact/7801
- Allied powers. (2021). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://academic-eb-com.access.library.miami.edu/levels/collegiate/article/Allied-powers/5812