Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked state (Land) in the south-east of Germany. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres (27,239.58 sq mi), Bavaria is the largest German state by land area, comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is second in population only to North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich (its capital and largest city and also the third largest city in Germany), Nuremberg, and Augsburg.
Bavaria has a unique culture, largely because of the state's large Catholic plurality and conservative traditions. The state also has the second largest economy among the German states by GDP figures, giving it a status as a rather wealthy German region.
The Minister President of Bavaria has often had significant deep state connections.
In 2020, the state became known for its particularly draconian Covid-19 lockdown.
Bavaria has a multiparty system dominated by the conservative Christian Social Union (CSU), which has won every election since 1945, The Greens, which became the second biggest political party in the 2018 parliament elections and the center-left Social Democrats (SPD), which dominates in Munich. Thus far Wilhelm Hoegner has been the only SPD candidate to ever become Minister-President; notable successors in office include multi-term Federal Minister Franz Josef Strauss, a key figure among West German conservatives during the Cold War years, and Edmund Stoiber, who both failed with their bids for Chancellorship. The German Greens and the center-right Free Voters have been represented in the state parliament since 1986 and 2008 respectively.
In the 2003 elections the CSU won a ⅔ supermajority – something no party had ever achieved in postwar Germany. However, in the subsequent 2008 elections the CSU lost the absolute majority for the first time in 46 years.
Arbitrary arrest and human rights
In July 2017, Bavaria's parliament enacted a new revision of the "Gefährdergesetz", allowing the authorities to imprison a person for a three months term, renewable indefinitely, when s/he hasn't committed a crime but it is assumed that s/he might commit a crime "in the near future".
|Le Cercle/1969 (Bavaria)||start/date uncertain, but included 2 July 1969|
|Le Cercle/1979 (Wildbad Kreuth)||First half of 1979|
Groups Headquartered Here
|A Group Headquartered Here||Description|
|Erlangen Nuremberg University||Closely connected to the large engineering company Siemens|
|Hanns Seidel Foundation||An important group in international parapolitical manipulation, active in Latin America, Fiji and other places.|
|University of Passau||The youngest university in Bavaria|
- Gefährder-Gesetz verschärft