John J. McCloy
| John J. McCloy |
(lawyer, central banker, politician, diplomat)
John Jay McCloy|
31 March 1895
11 March 1989 (Age 93)|
|Alma mater||Amherst College, Harvard Law School|
|Member of||The Georgetown Set, The Warren Commission|
"Chairman of the Establishment"
The New York Times obituary stated "Between times and often concurrently, he was board chairman of the Ford Foundation, chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations and board chairman of a dozen or so other entities, including the Salk Institute and of E. R. Squibb & Sons. As a lawyer, he represented scores of corporate clients, including 23 oil companies dealing with the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Mr. McCloy was chairman of so many boards and had his hands in so many ventures that the political writer Richard Rovere once proposed that he was the informal chairman of the Establishment, a group that 'fixes major goals and constitutes itself a ready pool of manpower for the more exacting labors of leadership.'"
World War II
McCloy was heavily involved in the US government program of interning Japanese-Americans in World War II. Defending that policy in 1981 before a Congressional commission, he claimed that it was "reasonably undertaken and thoughtfully and humanely conducted", althoguh history disagreed and in 1988 the US Congress paid compensation to those internees who were still alive.
U.S. High Commissioner of Allied Forces in West Germany
In 1947, Klaus Barbie was recruited as an agent for the 66th Detachment of the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC). When the French discovered that Klaus Barbie was in U.S. hands, having sentenced him to death in absentia for war crimes, they requested McCloy, U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, hand him over for execution, but McCloy refused. Instead, the CIC helped him flee to Bolivia with the help of a "ratline" organized by U.S. intelligence services and the Croatian Roman Catholic priest Krunoslav Draganović.
Events Participated in
|Bilderberg/1957 February||15 February 1957 - 17 February 1957||St Simons Island|
|Bilderberg/1958||13 September 1958 - 15 September 1958||Buxton|
|Bilderberg/1964||20 March 1964 - 22 March 1964||Williamsburg|
|Bilderberg/1965||2 April 1965 - 4 April 1965||Villa d'Este|
|Bilderberg/1966||25 March 1966 - 27 March 1966||Wiesbaden|
Hotel Nassauer Hof
- Wolfe, Robert (19 September 2001). "Analysis of the Investigative Records Repository file of Klaus Barbie". Interagency Working Group. Retrieved 1 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Cockburn, Alexander; Clair, Jeffrey St. (1998). Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press. Verso. pp. 167–70. ISBN 9781859841396. Retrieved 17 January 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Terkel, Studs (1985). The Good War. Ballantine. ISBN 0-345-32568-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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