UNRWA

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Group.png United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East   WebsiteRdf-icon.png
UNRWA.png
"Perpetuates a status quo, is corrupt, inefficient and doesn’t help peace" (Jared Kushner)
Abbreviation UNRWA
Parent organization UN

Created in December 1949, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a relief and human development agency which supports more than 5 million registered Palestinian refugees, and their patrilineal descendants, who fled or were expelled from their homes during the 1948 Palestine war as well as those who fled or were expelled during and following the 1967 Six Day war.[1][2] Originally intended to provide jobs on public works projects and direct relief, today UNRWA provides education, health care, and social services to the population it supports. Aid is provided in five areas of operation: Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem; aid for Palestinian refugees outside these five areas is provided by UNHCR.

UNRWA also provided relief to Jewish and Arab Palestine refugees inside the state of Israel following the 1948 conflict until the Israeli government took over responsibility for Jewish refugees in 1952.[3] In the absence of a solution to the Palestine refugee problem, the UN General Assembly has repeatedly renewed UNRWA's mandate, most recently extending it until 30 June 2020.[4] Jared Kushner, Senior Advisor to the President of the United States and the US broker for peace talks, has advocated a "sincere effort to disrupt" UNRWA as part of the Trump administration's proposals for the Middle East, since according to Kushner it "perpetuates a status quo, is corrupt, inefficient and doesn’t help peace".[5]

UNRWA is the only UN agency dedicated to helping refugees from a specific region or conflict and is separate from UNHCR.[6] Formed in 1950, UNHCR is the main UN refugee agency, which is responsible for aiding other refugees all over the world. Unlike UNRWA, UNHCR has a specific mandate to aid its refugees to eliminate their refugee status by local integration in current country, resettlement in a third country or repatriation when possible.[7] UNRWA allows refugee status to be inherited by some descendants.[8]

 

Related Document

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Outside In: The Trump Administration’s Plan to Remake the Middle EastArticle10 October 2018Ted SniderBenjamin Netanyahu refers to his doctrine as Outside In: first you pacify the Outside and ally with the Sunni Arab states (Egypt and Saudi Arabia) outside of Israel, then, in exchange, you extract a peace plan out of them that you then impose Inside on a Palestine now devoid of allies and leave it helpless to hold out against a peace plan forced on the Palestinians by Donald Trump.


References

  1. Dowty, Alan (2012), Israel/Palestine, Polity, p. 243, ISBN 9780745656113<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. UNRWA in Figures.
  3. Howard Adelman, Elazar Barkan (28 June 2011). No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation. Columbia University Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-231-15336-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "UNRWA - Who We Are"
  5. "Trump and Allies Seek End to Refugee Status for Millions of Palestinians"
  6. Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "UNHCR - The UN Refugee Agency".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Miller, Elhanan (June 2012). "Palestinian Refugees and the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Negotiations" (PDF). International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence. Retrieved 17 January 2015. To use a trite image, while UNHCR strives to give its refugees fishing rods, UNRWA is busy distributing fish<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Consolidated Eligibility and Registration Instructions" (PDF). UNRWA. Persons who meet UNRWA's Palestine Refugee criteria These are persons whose regular place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948, and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict. Palestine Refugees, and descendants of Palestine refugee males, including legally adopted children, are eligible to register for UNRWA services. The agency accepts new applications from persons who wish to be registered as Palestine Refugees. Once they are registered with UNRWA, persons in this category are referred to as Registered Refugees or as Registered Palestine Refugees.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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