Sanna Marin

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Person.png Sanna Marin  Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
(politician)
Valtiopäivien avajaiset - ekumeeninen juhlajumalanpalvelus Helsingin tuomiokirkossa 5.2.2020 (49491709241) (cropped).jpg
Born16 November 1985
NationalityFinnish
Alma materUniversity of Tampere
Member ofWEF/Young Global Leaders 2020
PartySocial Democratic Party of Finland
World Economic Young Leader and Finland's youngest-ever prime minister.

Employment.png Prime Minister of Finland

In office
10 December 2019 - Present

Employment.png Finland/Leader of the Social Democratic Party

In office
23 August 2020 - Present

Employment.png Minister of Transport and Communications

In office
6 June 2019 - 10 December 2019

Employment.png Member of the Finnish Parliament

In office
22 April 2015 - Present

Sanna Mirella Marin is a Finnish politician who has been the Prime Minister of Finland since 10 December 2019. A member of the Social Democratic Party, she has been a member of the Parliament of Finland since 2015 and served as the Minister of Transport and Communications from 6 June to 10 December 2019. After Antti Rinne's resignation in the wake of a 2019 postal strike, saw Marin elected as prime minister on 8 December 2019, just in time for COVID.

At 35, with as good as no political experience, she is Finland's youngest-ever prime minister.

Early life and education

Sanna Mirella Marin was born on 16 November 1985 in Helsinki.[1][2] She also lived in Espoo and Pirkkala before moving to Tampere.[1] Her parents split up when she was very young; the family faced financial problems and Marin's father, Lauri Marin,[3] struggled with alcoholism. After her biological parents separated, Marin was brought up by her mother and her mother's female partner.[4][5][6]

Marin graduated from the Pirkkala High School in 2004 at the age of 19.[7] Marin joined the Social Democratic Youth in 2006 and was its first Vice President from 2010 to 2012.[8][1] She worked in a bakery and as a cashier while studying,[9] graduating with bachelor's and master's degrees in Administrative Science from the University of Tampere.[5][9]

Early political career

Social Democratic Party

Marin's political career was described by the BBC as "beginning at the age of 20",[4] in the years following her high school graduation and beginning her affiliation with the Social Democratic Youth.[4][8] She initially unsuccessfully ran for election to the City Council of Tampere, but was elected in the 2012 municipal elections.[4][1][10][11] She became chairperson of the City Council within months, serving from 2013 to 2017.[5] In 2017, she was re-elected to the City Council.[12] She first gained prominence after video clips of her chairing contentious meetings were shared on YouTube.[9]

Marin was elected second deputy chairperson of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 2014.[13][5] In 2015, she was elected to the Finnish Parliament as an MP from the electoral district of Pirkanmaa.[14][15] On 6 June 2019, she became the Minister of Transport and Communications.[13][16][9]

On 23 August 2020, Marin was elected chair of the SDP, succeeding Antti Rinne.[17]

Prime Minister of Finland

In December 2019, Marin was nominated by the Social Democratic Party to succeed Antti Rinne as the Prime Minister of Finland,[18][19] but Rinne formally remained party leader until June 2020.[20][21] In a narrow vote, Marin prevailed over Antti Lindtman. A majority of the ministers in her five-party cabinet are women, numbering 12 out of 19 at the time of the cabinet's formation.[22][23] She is the third female head of government in Finland, after Anneli Jäätteenmäki and Mari Kiviniemi.[10][24][21]

Upon her confirmation by Parliament at the age of 34, she became Finland's youngest-ever prime minister, and was the youngest serving state leader until Sebastian Kurz regained the title in January 2020 [19][25][26]

During the global [[|COVID-19 pandemic|COVID-19 situation]] in 2020, Marin's cabinet invoked the state of emergency in Finland, with lockdowns and other drastic measures.[27]

On May 25, 2021, Finnish media reported that Marin and her family were buying about 300 euros per month in groceries with public funds as a part of the Prime Minister's tax-free housing benefits. The legality of the arrangement was questionable since the housing benefits don't explicitly include food provisions.[28][29] [30] In her defense, she said it was established practice with former PMs, something that also was questioned.[31]

Personal life

In January 2018, Marin and her fiancé, Markus Räikkönen, had a daughter, Emma.[32][33][34] In August 2020, Marin and Räikkönen married at the prime minister's official residence, Kesäranta.[35] Their permanent residence is in the Kaleva district of Tampere,[1] but during the COVID-19 pandemic, they have resided at Kesäranta.[33]

Marin describes herself as coming from a "rainbow family",[36] as she was raised by same-sex parents.[16][37][2] She was the first person in her family to attend university.[38] Marin is a vegetarian.[39]


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References

  1. a b c d e https://web.archive.org/web/20191219003742/https://www.sannamarin.net/henkilokuva
  2. a b https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/10/world/europe/finland-sanna-marin.html
  3. https://www.tellerreport.com/news/2020-07-02-the-father-of-prime-minister-sanna-marini-is-dead.S149zzdi0I.html
  4. a b c d https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50712230
  5. a b c d https://www.politico.eu/article/sanna-marin-comrades-meet-finland-new-prime-miniester/
  6. https://www.apu.fi/artikkelit/sanna-marin-juurettomuus-pakottaa-minut-katsomaan-tulevaan
  7. https://www.businessinsider.com/sanna-marin-life-of-finland-pm-youngest-world-leader-2019-12
  8. a b https://www.maaseuduntulevaisuus.fi/politiikka/artikkeli-1.235456
  9. a b c d https://www.irishtimes.com/news/world/europe/how-did-finland-s-sanna-marin-become-the-world-s-youngest-prime-minister-1.4113352
  10. a b https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/dec/09/finland-anoints-sanna-martin-34-as-worlds-youngest-serving-prime-minister
  11. Candidates elected Tampere Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  12. http://tulospalvelu.vaalit.fi/KV-2017/en/val837.html
  13. a b https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/kansanedustajat/Sivut/1297.aspx
  14. Candidates elected Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  15. https://tulospalvelu.vaalit.fi/EKV-2019/fi/val07.html
  16. a b https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-5070942
  17. https://yle.fi/uutiset/3-11507104
  18. SDP on valinnut: Sanna Marinista tulee Suomen seuraava pääministeri – suora lähetys menossa, Yle seuraa hetki hetkeltä Yle 8 December 2019
  19. a b Finland's Social Democrats name Marin to be youngest ever prime minister. Reuters, 8 December 2019
  20. https://www.helsinkitimes.fi/finland/finland-news/politics/17078-social-democrats-selects-marin-as-its-candidate-to-succeed-rinne.html
  21. a b https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/09/world/europe/finland-prime-minister-sanna-marin.html%7C}
  22. https://nationalpost.com/news/world/ive-proven-my-abilities-finlands-sanna-marin-becomes-the-worlds-youngest-prime-minister
  23. https://www.euronews.com/2019/12/09/finland-s-sanna-marin-becomes-the-world-s-youngest-prime-minister
  24. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/12/finland-leader-world-youngest-pm-34-191209080354618.html
  25. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/12/10/world/politics-diplomacy-world/finlands-parliament-picks-sanna-marin-worlds-youngest-sitting-prime-minister/
  26. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-12-10/sanna-marin-named-as-youngest-ever-finnish-prime-minister/11778860
  27. https://www.helsinkitimes.fi/finland/finland-news/politics/17496-poll-social-democrats-overtakes-finns-party-as-most-popular-party-in-finland.html
  28. https://www.helsinkitimes.fi/finland/news-in-brief/19285-iltalehti-sanna-marin-pays-for-her-family-s-breakfast-with-taxpayers-money.html
  29. https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/thursdays_papers_pms_breakfast_viking_sally_drama_bring_your_own_pen/11950490
  30. https://yle.fi/uutiset/3-11955478
  31. https://www.iltalehti.fi/politiikka/a/29a1a153-2e22-41f0-a0aa-7570c2741c37
  32. https://yle.fi/uutiset/3-10050453
  33. a b https://www.vogue.co.uk/arts-and-lifestyle/article/sanna-marin-finland-prime-minister-interview
  34. https://qz.com/1763948/finlands-sanna-marin-to-become-youngest-sitting-prime-minister/
  35. https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/prime-minister-finland-sanna-marin-married-a4514631.html
  36. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/sanna-marin-family-finland-prime-minister-age-born-parents-same-sex-a9240796.html
  37. http://www.tamperelainen.fi/artikkeli/215689-uusi-valtuuston-puheenjohtaja-jakoi-nuorena-tamperelaista
  38. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/finland-appoints-worlds-youngest-prime-minister-sanna-marin-z6rnrvdrh
  39. https://www.satakunnankansa.fi/a/c1dd11b8-1e78-4a91-8de9-dcc370491b33