| Taiwan |
|Location||Asia, Pacific Ocean|
|Leader||President of Taiwan|
|Interest of||Tom Cotton, Martin Edmonds, House and Senate Taiwan Caucus|
|A large island of mainland China. De facto independent despite claiming to be the legitimate government over all of China.|
Not to be confused with the much bigger People's Republic of China.
Taiwan is an island in the Pacific Ocean. Traditionally a part of China, it was controlled by Japan in the period 1895-1945, when the island saw a large scale modernization. After WW2, the island was given back to the Republic of China (Koumintang under Chiang Kai-shek. But China was in the middle of a civil war, and the communists Peoples Republic of China soon seized control over the mainland. The Republic of China evacuated to Taiwan, and has stayed there since, protected by US naval dominance. Taiwan plays a very important role in the production chain of everything that has a computer in it.
|Why the U.S. and China are so Interested in Taiwan?
TSMC is the most important company you've never heard of. Important to note: TSMC has factories in China and the U.S. However, its most advanced factories are in Taiwan, for security reasons - Newsthink
Taiwan is a global leader in semiconductor manufacturing. The island nation is home to some of the world's most advanced and cutting-edge semiconductor companies, such as TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company). These companies are responsible for producing a significant portion of the world's most advanced microchips and integrated circuits. As semiconductors are crucial components in a wide range of high-tech products, including electronics, automobiles, and military applications, controlling access to advanced semiconductor technology is of immense strategic importance. The production and export of semiconductors have a considerable impact on Taiwan's GDP and trade balance. This makes Taiwan an important player in the global supply chain for semiconductors, which, in turn, affects the global economy.
Advanced semiconductor technology is integral to modern military systems, including those used by the United States and its allies. The U.S. government is concerned about securing a stable and reliable supply of advanced semiconductors for its defense systems and ensuring that such technology does not fall into the wrong hands. Disruptions in semiconductor supply chains, whether due to natural disasters or geopolitical tensions, can have serious implications for American national security.
“CIA reports from 1952, and published in 2007, give additional confirmation that Kodama and some of his associates had been recruited by Army G-2 in order to help the United States fight communism. Kodama's group sent spies to surrounding communist countries and delivered mercenaries to Chiang Kai-shek's regime in Taiwan. In the documents the CIA also claims that the group was primarily working for themselves and were a great danger to the democratic process in Japan.  Unsurprisingly, MacArthur was a great supporter of Chiang Kai-shek on Taiwan, in contrast to President Truman and the State Department. Reportedly, MacArthur, as Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan, was asked to help put together a plan to remove Kai-shek - but he refused”
JVDH (2014) 
After moving to the island, it soon became a nest for illicit activities.
- After the civil war, the Kuomintang remnant forces in the Golden Triangle soon took over and massively expanded the opium trade in the area.
- US aid during WW2 and the civil war was siphoned off by KMT leaders, creating gigantic fortunes.
- The CIA station in Taipei became one of the Agency's biggest and most important bases in Asia, supporting drug smuggling networks, with front organisations like the CAT and Air America airlines based on the island.
- The China lobby in the US was (and still is) an extremely strong political network furthering ROC interests, only comparable in strength to the Israel lobby. People like Henry Luce and Clare Booth Luce strongly dominated the public discourse on China matters.
- The ROC was the main sponsor of the World Anti-Communist League, an umbrella organisation of extreme right wing groups. The WACL was allowed military training on the island at the Political Warfare Cadres Academy, where it trained torture and counter insurgency to officers around the world, including many from Latin America.
- The island was and still is a safe haven for South-East Asian organised crime, especially for laundering money and gold, aided by KMT or KMT-aligned gangster-legislators.
China, from the standpoint of its One China Principle, has argued since the early 1990s that it will not tolerate an independent Taiwan. The website of the Chinese military on August the 5th, 2020 released an article which reads in part:
Z-10 attack helicopters attached to the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Army recently conducted a series of sea-crossing assault drills on a Navy warship. The combination of Army helicopters and Navy warships can significantly boost the PLA's amphibious, vertical landing capability and will play a vital role in potential military operations on the island of Taiwan,
|Kim Beazley||“In the event of a war between the United States and China, Australia would have absolutely no alternative but to line up militarily beside the US. Otherwise the alliance would be effectively dead and buried, something that Australia could never afford to see happen.””||Kim Beazley||2006|
|Peter Dutton||““It would be inconceivable that we wouldn’t support the US in an action if the US chose to take that action...maybe there are circumstances where we wouldn’t take up that option, (but) I can’t conceive of those circumstances.””||Peter Dutton||13 November 2021|
Groups Headquartered Here
|Asus||2 April 1989||The world's 5th-largest PC vendor by unit sales|
|Political Warfare Cadres Academy||15 July 1951|
A citizen of Taiwan on Wikispooks
|Chiang Kai-shek||31 October 1887||5 April 1975|
|Document:Integrity Initiative Weekly Report 16th to 22nd July 2018||report||22 July 2018||Euan Grant||input into media documentaries and fictional entertainment, including specific topics|
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