Nuremberg Trials

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Event.png Nuremberg Trials   Spartacus
Nuremberg Trials.jpg
Defendants in the dock at Nuremberg
Date 20 November 1945 - 1 September 1946

The Nuremberg Trials were an application of the legal process to the senior officials of the Nazi German government.

“What the Americans and the British did at Nuremberg was deeply flawed but Nonetheless truly astonishing. They insisted – much to the surprise of the Nazi defendants and perhaps of humanity – that the de jure world of law and institutions really mattered; that the “Kellogg-Briand Pacts” and “Hague Conventions” of the world, if you will, would have the final say and the last laugh over the cynical de facto world of business-as-usual. At Nuremberg, evidence of pre-meditated aggressive intent was no longer ignored, nor jadedly accepted as an open secret. It was publicly denounced and criminally punished.”
Amy Baker Benjamin   —   [1]

Origins

The legal basis for the trial was established by the London Charter, agreed upon by the four so-called Great Powers on 8 August 1945, which restricted the trial to "punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis countries".

Procedure

Some 200 German war crimes defendants were tried at Nuremberg, and 1,600 others were tried under the traditional channels of military justice. A second set of trials of lesser war criminals was conducted under Control Council Law No. 10 at the U.S. Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT), which included the Doctors' Trial and the Judges' Trial.

Legacy

Justice Robert H. Jackson, chief prosecutor of the Nuremberg Trials, introduced the concept of the Supreme crime.

Hypocricy

Even as the the allies were conducting the Doctors Trial, US doctors were carrying out similarly murderous medical research in Guatemala, fact that would not emerge until 2005. Operation Paperclip was resettling Nazi scientists in USA.  

Related Document

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TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
File:Not Guilty at Nuremberg.pdfbook1996Carlos PorterLong suppressed and ignored German defense evidence from the post-WWII Nuremberg trials. A very useful work of reference for those researching Victors' Justice in general and the Nuremberg Tribunals in particular


References

Facts about "Nuremberg Trials"
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