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Not to be confused with "cyberterrorism", which is a behaviour of non-state "terrorists".

For the threatening of supply chains and disaster planning, see Cyber attack.

Concept.png "Cyberwarfare" 
(Covert warfare,  Plastic word)Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Interest of• Association of Old Crows
• Below Gotham Labs
• Fred Chang
• George Eliason
• Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace
• Joel Harding
• Chris Quick
• Rian van Rijbroek
• The 77th Brigade
Cyberwarfare is the use of digital tools and tactics to conduct acts of espionage, disruption, or sabotage in the virtual realm, often with the goal of achieving political, military, or economic objectives.

Cyberwarfare are attacks against the digital infrastructure of an enemy state. It generally involves the hacking of computer systems and networks, but since the rise of social media has an added information or propaganda element, to influence foreign audiences and affect the decision-making of the adversary.[1]

At the same time, "cyberwarfare" is a plastic word used to promote fear, uncertainty and doubt. The formation of groups like The 77th Brigade and Integrity Initiative attest to the fact, that any and all audiences have become a target;[2][3] psychological operations have become a integral part of cyberwarfare and "cyberdefence".


The objectives in cyberwar usually include one or more of the “5 Ds”: deny, degrade, disrupt, deceive, and/or destroy.[4]

Information operations

Full article: Information operations

Information operations (IO),[5] or Inform and Influence Activities are closely linked to Cyberwar. Sometimes these are having overlap with Psyops.

Integrity Initiative

Full article: Integrity Initiative

There are two leaked documents from the II in 2016, which have argued that a focus for the government should be the recruiting of school children to remain ahead of the competition in the cyber space domain.[6][7]

To foster a world-leading reservoir of potential cyber talent among children and young people (initially 12-18 year olds, but spreading to younger children as the programme evolves). 

GCHQ in schools

In 2020 Matt Kennard for Declassified UK reported that GCHQ tries to recruit school children from the age of four years and up,[8] offering lessons on how to hack passwords and vulnerable machines, and how to spy on other children’s wifi traffic. The Cyber Schools Hub programme was set up in 2017 and “seeks to give young students the space and the opportunity to excel and explode into the market of cyber security and innovation”.[9]


Bill Blunden opines that "the gilded hyperbole of Cyberwar being peddled to the public is dangerous because it distracts us from focusing on actual threats and constructive solutions."[10]

External links



Page nameDescription
HBGaryCompany that developed sophisticated software for the control of sock puppets.
StuxnetA production of the NSA and Unit 8200 installed with AIVD help, designed to sabotage Iranian efforts to develop nuclear weapons.


Related Quotation

Matthijs Veenendaal“Trust is a key foundation of a well-functioning society. Without reliable communication, organizations cannot operate effciently, be they corporations or government institutions. Malicious actors are aiming to exploit vulnerabilities in communication flows. With the advent

of new technology, it is possible for adversaries to impersonate leaders and create false impressions among population.

The Tallinn based NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence will organize a session focusing on questions including: What is at stake? What can nations do to enhance and protect trust in democratic institutions? Or is it already too late?”
Matthijs Veenendaal


Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:CyberGuardian Cyber Security Education Programme for Children and Young Peoplebrainwashing concept paper30 January 2016Integrity InitiativeII puts lots of thought into how the military can train British children for cyberwarfare.
Document:Executive Summary Cyber Security Education Programme for Children and Young Peoplebrainwashing concept paper executive summary26 February 2016Integrity InitiativeII sums up its thought on how the military can train British children for cyberwarfare
Document:The Terrorists Among US- Traitors and Terror 3article21 June 2019George Eliason
Michael Jasinski
George Eliason interviews professor Michael Jasinski about the dire effects of outsourcing intelligence gathering and information dissemination.
File:Manufactured consent and cyberwar.pdfConference ProceedingsJune 2010Bill Blunden
File:US Psychological Warfare in Ukraine Targeting Online Independent Media Coverage.pdfarticle20 March 2015George EliasonCyberwarfare operations are getting targeted at anyone.
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