Mohammed bin Salman

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Person.png Mohammed bin Salman  Rdf-icon.png
Mohammed bin Salman.jpg
Born 1985-08-31
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Children 4
Parents King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen al-Ajmi
Spouse Sara bint Mashoor

Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (born 31 August 1985[1][2]), known colloquially as MBS,[3][4] is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, also serving as First Deputy Prime Minister,[5] President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs and Minister of Defence—the world's youngest office holder at the time.[6] He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman.[7] He was appointed Crown Prince[8] in June 2017 following his father's decision to remove Muhammad bin Nayef from all positions, making Mohammed bin Salman heir apparent to the throne.[9][10][11]

"Reformer"

Mohammed bin Salman has led several successful reforms, which include regulations restricting the powers of the religious police, and the removal of the ban on female drivers. Further cultural developments under his reign include the first Saudi public concerts by a female singer, the first Saudi sports stadium to admit women, and an increased presence of women in the workforce.[12]

Despite international praise for his strides towards liberalisation of Saudi domestic issues, commentators and human rights groups have been vocally critical of bin Salman's leadership, citing his detention and torture of human rights activists, Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, escalation of Saudi's diplomatic crisis with Qatar[13] and the start of the diplomatic crisis with Lebanon, as well as his arrests of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017, as failure to perform pledged reforms.[14][15][16] His proposed Saudi 2030 vision includes economic, social and religious changes, and plans to list shares of the coveted, state-owned oil company Aramco.[17][18][19] Despite promised reforms, the arrests and persecutions rate of human rights activists have risen under Mohammed bin Salman. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch continue to criticise the Saudi government for its violations of human rights.[20][21][22]

Protest against visit to Britain

Mohammed bin Salman, Saudi Arabia's 32-year-old crown prince, visited the UK on 7 March 2018 on an official trip[23] despite a petition signed by over 12,000 people demanding Theresa May cancel the visit:

"We call on the Prime Minister to withdraw the invitation for the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia to visit the UK. The Saudi Arabian regime has one of the worst human rights records in the world. Torture and arbitrary detention are widely documented. In 2017 alone, over 100 people were executed."[24]

Disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi

On 8 October 2018, Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said he is hopeful that a prominent Saudi journalist who disappeared in Istanbul last week will emerge unharmed, even after Turkish officials warned that he may have been killed inside his own nation’s consulate.

Jamal Khashoggi, 59, a Saudi dissident and journalist writing for The Washington Post, vanished after entering the Saudi consulate in the Levent district of Istanbul to take care of some personal paperwork. His disappearance has roiled the Arab world, and threatened to create fresh diplomatic troubles for the Saudi kingdom, under the sway of its ambitious crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman:

“I still have good expectations. We hope not to come across an undesirable situation about missing Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi,” President Erdogan told reporters, according to local news outlets. “As president, I am following the situation. Whatever the result, we will inform the world of it.”

The president said Turkish investigators were examining closed-circuit television footage and airport transits. Turkish officials and those briefed on the matter said Saturday night they feared that Mr Khashoggi had been killed and his body removed based on circumstantial evidence collected via closed-circuit television cameras positioned around the consulate.

Saudi Arabian officials have strongly denied that any harm has come to Mr Khashoggi at their hands, insisting he left the consulate on Tuesday shortly after entering. The Saudi consul-general has allowed Turkish authorities as well as a Reuters correspondent to examine the facility.[25]

 

Related Documents

TitleTypePublication dateAuthor(s)Description
Document:Mohammed Bin Salman: The Truth Behind The Reformist Facadeblog post8 March 2018Craig MurrayThen something remarkable happened which the world mainstream media has almost entirely ignored. Despite Saudi sponsored adverts all over US media portraying named senior Qataris as terrorist sponsors, and despite strong Israeli pro-Saudi lobbying, Donald Trump suddenly called Mohammed bin Salman to heel.
Document:The Dog That Didn't BarkArticle30 November 2017Israel ShamirThe Jared Kushner-Mohammed bin Salman peace plan for Palestine is likely to misfire, as have all MBS plans, from pressuring Qatar to vanquishing Yemen. A lot of blood and a lot of money will flow, adding to miseries in the Middle East and elsewhere. The only satisfaction is that now you know who owns the dog that did not bark.


References

  1. "Ministries". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia - Washington, DC. 30 April 2003. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.

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  2. "Who is Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed?". BBC News. 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.

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  3. Friedman, Thomas L. (23 November 2017). "Saudi Arabia's Arab Spring, at Last". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 November 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2017.

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  4. "Muhammad bin Salman cracks down on his perceived opponents". The Economist. 21 September 2017. Archived from the original on 22 September 2017.

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  5. "Mohammed bin Salman named new Saudi Crown Prince". TASS. Beirut. 21 June 2017. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017.

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  6. "Mohammed bin Nayef kingpin in new Saudi Arabia: country experts". Middle East Eye. 1 February 2015. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.

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  7. "Transcript: Interview with Muhammad bin Salman" Archived 9 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Economist, 6 January 2016.
  8. Anthony Bond, Rachael Burford (24 October 2017). "Saudi Arabia will return to moderate, open Islam and 'will destroy extremist ideas', says crown prince". Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.

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  9. CNN, Nicole Chavez, Tamara Qiblawi and James Griffiths. "Saudi Arabia's king replaces nephew with son as heir to throne". CNN. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017.

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  10. Raghavan, Sudarsan; Fahim, Kareem (21 June 2017). "Saudi king names son as new crown prince, upending the royal succession line". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 June 2017.

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  11. "Saudi royal decrees announcing Prince Mohammed BinSalman as the new crown prince". The National. Abu Dhabi: Abu Dhabi Media. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2017.

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  12. "Mohammed bin Salman's reforms in Saudi Arabia could benefit us all". The Independent. 2 March 2018. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018.

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  13. CNN, Hamdi Alkhshali and Tamara Qiblawi,. "Saudi Crown Prince calls Qatar embargo a 'small issue'". CNN. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.

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  14. Hearst, David (21 June 2017). "Mohammed Bin Salman, Saudi Arabia's Prince Of Chaos". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.

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  15. Eye, Middle East (22 June 2017). "Mohammed bin Salman, Saudi Arabia's prince of chaos". Medium. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.

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  16. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  17. Chulov, Martin (7 November 2017). "'This is a revolution': Saudis absorb crown prince's rush to reform". Archived from the original on 27 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017 – via www.theguardian.com.

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  18. (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Saudi Arabia's Mohammed bin Salman: Reformer and hardliner - Middle East - DW - 05.11.2017". DW.COM. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.

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  19. "MBS, Saudi Arabia's Reformist Crown Prince With Firm Vision". ndtv.com. Archived from the original on 25 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.

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  20. "Saudi Arabia: Intensified Repression of Writers, Activists". Human Rights Watch. 6 February 2017. Archived from the original on 18 October 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.

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  21. "Saudi Arabia: 2 Rights Advocates Arrested". Human Rights Watch. 11 January 2017. Archived from the original on 15 May 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.

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  22. "Update: Saudi Arabia: Systematic targeting of members of ACPRA continues". gc4hr.org. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.

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  23. "UK's May confirms Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman visit"
  24. "Theresa May: Cancel the invitation for Saudi Crown Prince to visit the UK"
  25. "Erdogan hopes Jamal Khashoggi still alive after officials suggest Saudi journalist killed in consulate"
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