Dwight D. Eisenhower
| Dwight D. Eisenhower |
|Born||David Dwight Eisenhower|
October 14, 1890
Denison, Texas, U.S.
|Died||March 28, 1969 (Age 78)|
Walter Reed General Hospital, Washington DC, U.S.
|Alma mater||U.S. Military Academy|
|Children|| • Doud Eisenhower|
• John Eisenhower
|Founder of||Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, Operation 40, PIAB|
|Member of||Council on Foreign Relations/Historical Members|
Former five-star general, supreme commander of NATO, Eisenhower was the US President who notably warned that "we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence... by the military–industrial complex."
Dwight D. Eisenhower was a five-star general in the US Army during World War II and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe. He was the first supreme commander of NATO from 1951 – May 30, 1952, and US President from January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961. Topwards the end of his life, he became increasingly concerned about the activities of the CIA, and in his now famous farewell speech, he warned against the dangers of the "military–industrial complex."
The Chance for Peace
In his first public address to the US People, Eisenhower demonstrated that he was no puppet of the perpetual war machine, stating in his "Cross Of Iron" speech:
“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children.
The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population. It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some fifty miles of concrete pavement. We pay for a single fighter plane with a half million bushels of wheat. We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people.
This is, I repeat, the best way of life to be found on the road the world has been taking. This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron. These plain and cruel truths define the peril and point the hope that come with this spring of 1953.”
Dwight D. Eisenhower (April 16, 1953) 
The "Military–Industrial Complex" warning
- Full article: Military-industrial-congressional complex
- Full article: Military-industrial-congressional complex
On January 17, 1961, Eisenhower gave his final televised Address to the Nation from the Oval Office. In his farewell speech, Eisenhower raised the issue of the Cold War and role of the U.S. armed forces. Referring to government spending proposals he warned that "we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military–industrial complex."
He elaborated, "we recognize the imperative need for this development... the potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist... Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together."
Quotes by Dwight D. Eisenhower
|Military-industrial-congressional complex||“This conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience. The total influence — economic, political, even spiritual — is felt in every city, every statehouse, every office of the federal government. We recognize the imperative need for this development. Yet we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. Our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved; so is the very structure of our society. In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military–industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists, and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals so that security and liberty may prosper together.”||17 January 1960||In his farewell address|
|NATO/Defense College||“There is a high priority requirement to develop individuals, both on the military and on the civilian side, who will have a thorough grasp of the many complicated factors which are involved in the problem of creating an adequate defense posture for the North Atlantic Treaty area. These considerations have brought me to the conclusion that it is highly desirable to establish in the near future a NATO Defense College for the training of individuals who will be needed to serve in key capacities in NATO Organizations.”||1951|
An appointment by Dwight D. Eisenhower
|Joseph Campbell||Comptroller General of the United States||14 December 1954||31 July 1965|
|NATO/Defense College||“There is a high priority requirement to develop individuals, both on the military and on the civilian side, who will have a thorough grasp of the many complicated factors which are involved in the problem of creating an adequate defense posture for the North Atlantic Treaty area. These considerations have brought me to the conclusion that it is highly desirable to establish in the near future a NATO Defense College for the training of individuals who will be needed to serve in key capacities in NATO Organizations.”||Dwight D. Eisenhower||1951|
|Document:Eisenhower's Holocaust||article||22 June 2008||Anonymous||A brief introduction to the treatment of German military prisoners by the allied authorities in the 18-24 month period AFTER the German unconditional surrender in May 1945.|
|Document:In Eisenhower's Death Camps||article||1990||Martin Brech||Reminiscences of a US soldier assigned as a guard to one of the Allies' Rhine Meadow concentration camps for "disarmed enemy combatants" after the German WWII surrender in 1945|
- https://archive.org/details/dde_1953_0416 Archive.org
- "Dwight D. Eisenhower Farewell Address". USA Presidents. Retrieved May 23, 2008.Page Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css must have content model "Sanitized CSS" for TemplateStyles (current model is "Scribunto").