| Anna Lindh |
(Sweden's Foreign Minister)
Ylva Anna Maria Lindh|
19 June 1957
11 September 2003 (Age 46)|
|Party||Social Democratic Party|
Anna Lindh (19 June 1957 – 11 September 2003) was Sweden's Minister of Foreign Affairs when she was stabbed by Mijailo Mijailović in a Stockholm department store on 10 September 2003, and died in Karolinska Hospital the following day.
Anna Lindh served as a Social Democratic party politician in Parliament from 1982 until 1985, and again from 1998 until her death in 2003. From 1991 to 1994, she was Commissioner of Culture and Environment and the deputy mayor of Stockholm. In 1994 Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson appointed her Minister for the Environment. One of Lindh's legacies was her pioneering work towards European Union legislation on hazardous chemical substances. She also called for the establishment of a common EU strategy against acid rain.
After the 1998 General Election, PM Göran Persson appointed Lindh Minister of Foreign Affairs in the new government. Having made influential friends around the world as president of the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League, Lindh ardently supported international cooperation through the United Nations and in the European Union.
A high point in Anna Lindh's career occurred during the Swedish Presidency of the European Union during the first half of 2001 when she served as chairman of the Council of the European Union, responsible for representing the official foreign policy position of the European Union.
Having invited Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić to Stockholm, Anna Lindh was due to meet Đinđić in Belgrade in March 2003, moments before his assassination. Six months later, Lindh was stabbed to death by Mijailo Mijailović, an assassin of Serbian extraction. Eight years after being convicted of her murder, Mijailović told the Expressen:
- "I felt hate for politicians, both Swedish and Serbian. I blamed them for all my own failures in life."
Anna Lindh criticised the 2003 Iraq War, saying that "a war being fought without support in the statutes of the United Nations is a major failure" but praised the fall of Saddam Hussein. She advocated greater respect for international law and human rights in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, criticising Ariel Sharon's Israeli government but also condemning Palestinian suicide bombings as "atrocities". She argued strongly for an end to Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories; in an interview shortly before her death she said:
- "Israeli settlement in the West Bank must go; there must be a Palestinian state; Israel must vacate all occupied areas on the West Bank and Gaza Strip and end all extra-territorial executions and attacks on Palestinians."
During the final weeks of her life she was involved in the pro-euro campaign preceding the Swedish referendum on the euro, held on 14 September 2003 (three days after her death). As a popular pro-euro politician, she was a spokesperson for the campaign; her face was on billboards across Sweden the day she was murdered.
Foreshadowing the fate of Jo Cox, Anna Lindh was assassinated in the run up to a Swedish referendum about EU membership. The official narrative is that her murder had no deep political significance, that she was killed on a whim by "lone nut" Mijailo Mijailovic while he was high on Flunitrazepam. He reportedly expressed little sign of remorse during the trial and gave few clues as to his motives, claiming 8 years later to have done it on impulse.
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|Bilderberg/2003||15 May 2003 - 18 May 2003||Versailles|
- "Anna Lindh". The Telegraph (obituary). 12 September 2003.
- "Mijailo Mijailovic tells his story - why he killed the Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh"
- Comelli, Michele (July–September 2004). "The Challenges of the European Neighbourhood Policy". The International Spectator. 39 (3): 97–110.
- "Anna Lindh killer breaks silence over murder"