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|( 1850s: ) 1855|
Lord Palmerston becomes British Prime Minister
- January 27 – The Panama Railway becomes the first railroad to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
- January 29 – Lord Aberdeen resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, over the management of the Crimean War.
- February 5 – Lord Palmerston becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- March 2 – Alexander II ascends the Russian throne, upon the death of his father Nicholas I.
- March 17 – Taiping Rebellion: A Taiping army of 350,000 invades Anhui.
- March 30 – Elections are held for the first Kansas Territory legislature. Missourian 'Border Ruffians' cross the border in large numbers to elect a pro-slavery body.
- May 1 – Van Diemen's Land is separated administratively from New South Wales and granted self-government.
- May 22 – The province of Victoria is separated administratively from New South Wales.
- June 15 – Stamp duty is removed from British newspapers, creating mass media in the United Kingdom.
- June 29 – The Daily Telegraph newspaper begins publication in London.
- July – Bank of Toronto incorporated in Canada (in 1955 it will merge with The Dominion Bank to become Toronto-Dominion Bank)
- July 16 – The Australian Colonies are granted self-governing status by the United Kingdom.
- October 17 – Henry Bessemer files his patent in the United Kingdom for the Bessemer process of steelmaking.
- December 22 – The Metropolitan Board of Works is established in London.
- Samuel Colt incorporates his business as the Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company and opens a new factory, the Colt Armory, in Hartford, Connecticut.
- The cocaine alkaloid is first isolated by German chemist Friedrich Gaedcke.
- Palm oil sales from West Africa to the United Kingdom reach 40,000 tons.
|Crimean War||October 1853||February 1856|
|Geelong Grammar School||Ruling class school. The school's fees are the most expensive in Australia.|
|William Paterson University|
|ETH Zurich||Public||ETH Zurich is ranked among the top universities in the world.|
|The College of New Jersey||New Jersey college with emphasis placed on liberal arts|
|University of San Francisco||Military ranks|
Society of Jesus
|A private Jesuit university in San Francisco, California.|
|Pennsylvania State University||• Public • Flagship • State-related • Land-grant • Sea-grant • Space-grant • Sun-grant • Multi-campus|
|Title||Born||Died||Place of death||Summary|
|Henry Lehman||1822||17 November 1855||US|
|Title||Born||Place of birth||Died||Summary||Description|
|Andrew Mellon||24 March 1855||United States|
|26 August 1937||Politician|
|Robert La Follette||14 June 1855||18 June 1925||Politician||La Follette stated that his chief goal was to break the "combined power of the private monopoly system over the political and economic life of the American people"|
|Walter Page||15 August 1855||US|
|21 December 1918||Diplomat|
Deep state functionary
|A US diplomat who received money from Woodrow Wilson's banker, Cleveland Dodge.|
|Eugene Debs||5 November 1855||United States|
|20 October 1926||Firefighter|
|Walter Cunliffe||3 December 1855||London||6 January 1920||Central banker|