Pierre Messmer

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Person.png Pierre Messmer  Rdf-entity.pngRdf-icon.png
Pierre Messmer01 (cropped 2).JPG
Born20 March 1916
Died29 August 2007 (Age 91)
Alma materENLOV, Ecole nationale de la France d'outre-mer
Member ofLe Cercle
InterestsAir France Flight 1611
PartyUnion of Democrats for the Republic
French Gaullist politician an PM who attended Le Cercle

Employment.png Institut de France/Chancellor

In office
1 January 1999 - 31 December 2005

Employment.png Prime Minister of France Wikipedia-icon.png

In office
5 July 1972 - 27 May 1974
Succeeded byJacques Chirac

Employment.png France/Minister of Defence

In office
5 February 1960 - 22 June 1969

Employment.png Member of the French National Assembly

In office
29 September 1974 - 14 May 1988

Employment.png Member of the French National Assembly

In office
4 March 1973 - 4 May 1973

Employment.png Member of the French National Assembly

In office
23 June 1968 - 12 August 1968

Pierre Joseph Auguste Messmer was a French Gaullist politician. He was Minister of Armies under Charles de Gaulle from 1960 to 1969 and then as Prime Minister under Georges Pompidou from 1972 to 1974. A member of the French Foreign Legion, he was considered as one of the historical Gaullists, and died aged 91 in the military hospital of the Val-de-Grâce in August 2007. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1999;

From 1959 to 1969, under Charles de Gaulle's presidency and in the turmoil of the Algerian War, he was Minister of Armies. He was confronted with the 1961 Generals' Putsch, where he loyally supported the President, and reorganized the Army. He adapted the armed forces to the nuclear era, against great opposition from the United States and their people in France.

He is credited with having dissuaded General de Gaulle from employing the army during the events of May 1968.[1]

Messmer attended Le Cercle.

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  1. «Le gaulliste Pierre Messmer est mort», Le Monde, 29 August 2007.

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