Association of Former Intelligence Officers
Membership is not limited to Former Intelligence Officers.
"AFIO members subscribe to the US intelligence community’s core values of patriotism, excellence, integrity, dedication and loyalty. By understanding the history of intelligence from its ancient world underpinnings to twenty-first century wizardry, AFIO’s key objectives and principles are to support today’s needs and foster forward thinking for:
- A strong and responsible national intelligence establishment able to manage growing threats and issues in today’s globally intertwined environment.
- Understanding of the intellectual, political, business and public communities for an effective and cohesive national intelligence infrastructure.
- Strategies in intelligence operations that support leaders at the local, state and federal levels as they make timely security decisions.
- Stimulation of interest in the career needs of US Intelligence and its contractors, among a wide range of students at high schools and universities around the country.
- Execution of effective national policies that advance the defense and security of the country, its citizens and its allies."
Joël van der Reijden notes that both Richard Helms and Theodore Shackley were leading figures in the AFIO until both died in 2002. Charles A. Briggs was chairman of the board of the AFIO for 4 years. George H. W. Bush is honorary chairman of AFIO. Frank Carlucci is honorary director.
In 2007/2008 Roland Carnaby was president of the Houston AFIO when he was shot by an officer of the Houston Police. Although he was named as president of the Houston chapter of the AFIO at http://afiohouston.com, the CIA (and FBI) denied that he had ever worked for them.
The AFIO and David Atlee Phillips sued Donald Freed, Fred Landis and the publisher after their 1980 book Death in Washington, named David Atlee Phillips as being involved in a cover-up of the 1976 assassination of Orlando Letelier and reiterated Gaeton Fonzi's claim that Phillips served as Lee Harvey Oswald's case officer while using the alias 'Maurice Bishop'. A settlement was reached in 1986 with Phillips receiving a retraction and an unspecified amount of money.
- Bugliosi, Vincent (2007). Reclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 1201. ISBN 0-393-04525-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>